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Registros recuperados: 41
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A holistic approach to studying social-ecological systems and its application to southern Transylvania Ecology and Society
Hartel, Tibor; Department of Environmental Sciences, Sapientia University; hartel.tibor@gmail.com.
Global change presents risks and opportunities for social-ecological systems worldwide. Key challenges for sustainability science are to identify plausible future changes in social-ecological systems and find ways to reach socially and environmentally desirable conditions. In this context, regional-scale studies are important, but to date, many such studies have focused on a narrow set of issues or applied a narrow set of tools. Here, we present a holistic approach to work through the complexity posed by cross-scale interactions, spatial heterogeneity, and multiple uncertainties facing regional social-ecological systems. Our approach is spatially explicit and involves assessments of social conditions and natural capital bundles, social-ecological system...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Ecosystem service bundles; Landscape sustainability science; Programme on Ecosystem Change and Society; Regional scale; Romania; Scenario planning.
Ano: 2014
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Agricultural Policy Influence Upon the Economic Behaviour of Rural Households AgEcon
Rusu, Marioara.
The deep transformations brought about by the progressive and steady commitment of Romanian economy to the market economy have determined, among others, the modification of the role and status of rural household in the economic activity. Rural household changed from a simple participant, constrained to act in a certain way under a centralised, equalising and levelling system during the communist period, to a participant that carries out its activity in a competing environment in which initiative, creativity and efficiency are defining elements. Based on field surveys conducted at national level, the present paper intends to identify the evolution of economic behaviours specific to rural households under the influence of agricultural policy measures in the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural household; Economic behaviour; Agricultural policy; Romania; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24814
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Agricultural Production Organization in Transition Economies and the Role of Human Capital: Evidence from Romania AgEcon
Rizov, Marian.
This paper examines the production mode choices of rural households with an emphasis on the role of human capital in the agricultural transformation process. Farm restructuring in Central and Eastern Europe has resulted in a broad range of farm types, such as co-operatives, partnerships, individual farms and combinations of those. The fact that resources are allocated into different production organization modes is attributed to the utility maximization strategy of heterogeneous agents deriving income from uncertain sources in the face of absent or imperfect factor markets. Empirical results from a multinomial logit model estimated with data from two-year nation-wide survey of Romanian farm households support the hypothesis that the outcome of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Human capital; Production organization; Agricultural transition; Romania; Production Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24925
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An assessment of the impact of possible CAP reform scenarios on Romanian agriculture AgEcon
Alexandri, Cecilia; Luca, Lucian.
Using a simplified model, with key-variable the prices of two different possible scenarios of CAP reform after 2013 (moderate and radical), this paper present a comparison between the price effects of implementation of each reform scenario at 2015 horizon on Romanian agriculture. This short analysis shows that, under the presented hypotheses, the net welfare effect, due to the price changes, for the selected products, is positive in both reform scenarios, yet greater in the case of the radical reform. Integrated in the large context of Romanian development, it seems that the influence of CAP reform upon agriculture and rural areas will be most likely a gradual one: an interpenetration between the two scenarios is foreseeable, starting with the moderate...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP reform; Romania; Welfare effects; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44022
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Assessing the Economic Impacts of Incorporating Romania's Agricultural and Food Sectors into EU's Customs Union: An Applied General Equilibrium Approach AgEcon
Scrieciu, Silviu Serban.
Join the European Union club implies, among many other policy changes, full integration of Romania's expected to have significant implications for domestic farmers and food processors. The paper constructs a single-country Applied General Equilibrium (AGE) model to investigate the impact of tariff border adjustments on changes in relative prices, production and trade patterns associated with fifteen local agro-food activities. Moreover, the modeling work identifies those agro-food sectors that have the potential to benefit the most from EU enlargement in terms of output effects given that Romanian producers are capable of fully responding to the incentives provided with integration. These mainly include (bovine) live animals and meat products, sugar and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: EU enlargement; Customs union; Agriculture; Romania; AGE modelling; Political Economy; D58; F15; 013.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30543
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Assessing the Economic Impacts of Incorporating Romania's Agricultural and Food Sectors into EU's Customs Union: An Applied General Equilibrium Approach AgEcon
Scrieciu, Silviu Serban.
Joining the European Union club implies, among many other policy changes, full integration of Romania's economy into EU's customs union. This is expected to have significant implications for domestic farmers and food processors. The paper constructs a single-country Applied General Equilibrium (AGE) model to investigate the impact of tariff border adjustments on changes in relative prices, production and trade patterns associated with fifteen local agro-food activities. Moreover, the modelling work identifies those agro-food sectors that have the potential to benefit the most from EU enlargement in terms of output effects given that Romanian producers are capable of fully responding to the incentives provided with integration. These mainly include (bovine)...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: EU enlargement; Customs union; Agriculture; Romania; AGE modelling; Political Economy; D58; F15; O13.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30583
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Challenges for chain based finance in the Romanian dairy chain AgEcon
Pieniadz, Agata; Hanf, Jon Henrich; Voicilas, Dan Marius; Goetz, Linde.
This paper investigates the different types of vertical coordination mechanism and the spread institutional arrangements (i.e. contracting) as well as identifies opportunities to expand innovative solutions that help to create and maintain the linkages among the famers and downstream businesses for dairy in Romania. In particular, we address the various modes of access to production factors, such as capital, specific inputs and know-how, as reasons for the varied development of Romanian dairy supply chains and its respective actors (farmers, processors). The paper draws on results from a recent study supported by the World Bank. The findings are based on semi-structured telephone and face-to-face interviews conducted in January-March 2009. The interviews...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Vertical coordination; Structural change; Farm assistance; Romania; Dairy.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58112
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Changes in the Romanian farm structures during transition – evolution and main determinants AgEcon
Turtoi, Crina Sinziana; Toma, Camelia; Gavrilescu, Camelia.
In Romania, farm restructuring is an ongoing process, largely conditioned by the legal framework that accompanied the land reform during the transition period. After 1990, Romanian agriculture experienced critical shifts in farming structures, reflected also in the production ones. While arable land represents 63% of the UAA, a restrictive production factor in developing a competitive agriculture resides in the fact that 61.7% of total arable land is utilized in excessively fragmented family farms – 14303 thousands plots. This is seriously hampering family farms’ productivity, if we take into account that they are producing an estimated 74% of the total crop output of the sector level (2004). Under the present conditions, the agricultural producers act...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural structures; Land consolidation; Romania; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7786
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Comparison of Industrial Dynamics of Food and Beverage Industry in Bulgaria, Romania and Greece AgEcon
Kopeva, Diana Ilieva; Shterev, Nikolay; Blagoev, Dimitar.
Industry dynamic is a key indicator for sustainable industry growth. It depends on variety of factors on international and regional level. One of the important driving forces on international level is seen in the face of economic and political alliances. Cultural and regional policies, and social behaviour are driving industry dynamics on a regional level though. Our hypothesis is that specific differences of industrial dynamics of the Balkan countries occurred based on economic and political alliances (EU membership; Euro zone, Black Sea Economic Cooperation). This hypothesis is verified with analysis of a traditional for the Balkans industrial sector like Food and Beverage. The paper aims to find out more evidence to verify a basic hypothesis. It...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food and Beverage Industry; Industrial dynamics; Industrial growth; Bulgaria; Greece; Romania; Innovation practices in food and beverage; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114705
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Determinants of Romanian Farmers' Participation in Agri-Environmental Programmes AgEcon
Toma, Luiza; Mathijs, Erik.
The paper aims to identify the factors underlying farmers' propensity to participate in agri-environmental programmes in a Romanian rural region that confronts non-point source pollution. For this, we employ structural equation modelling with latent variables using data collected through an agri-environmental farm survey in 2001. The model includes one 'behavioural intention' latent variable ('propensity to participate in agri-environmental programmes') and five 'attitude' and 'socioeconomic' latent variables ('demo-social characteristics', 'economic characteristics', 'agri-environmental information access', 'environmental risk perception' and 'general environmental concern'). The results indicate 'environmental risk perception' as the strongest...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental programme; Structural equation modelling with latent variables; Environmental risk perception; Romania; Environmental Economics and Policy; C30; Q20; Q50.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24574
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Development of organic livestock production in Romania Organic Eprints
Mihai, Prof. Gheorghe; Chis, Prof. Margareta; Odagiu, Ing. Antonia; Mihai, Econ. Valentin; Balint, Econ. Lenke.
The paper is a sythesis regarding multiple aspects concerning the development and future prospects of organic livestock production in Romania. It focuses on livestock statistics, the legislation, the inspection and certification, the pre-accesion programmes and some subsidizing aspects.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Romania.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/7564/1/mihai_danemarca.rtf.doc
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DISTORTED PRICES AND PRODUCER EFFICIENCY - ROMANIAN MAIZE AgEcon
Balint, Borbala; Sauer, Johannes.
This research aims at shedding empirical light on the relative efficiency of small-scale maize producers in Romania. Farmers in transition countries still face heavily distorted price systems resulting from imperfect market conditions and socioeconomic and institutional constraints. To capture such distortions we formulate a stochastic shadow-cost frontier model to investigate the systematic input-specific allocative inefficiency. We further adjust the underlying cost frontier by incorporating shadow price corrections and subsequently reveal evidence on farm specific technical inefficiency. Different models are estimated due to the imposition of curvature correctness and the effects on the individual efficiency estimates are shown. The empirical results...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Efficiency; Shadow Cost Frontier; Functional Consistency; Maize; Romania; Crop Production/Industries; C40; D24; O33.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14958
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Distributional Impacts of CAP Adoption on Romanian Households AgEcon
Firici, M. Carmen; Thomson, Kenneth J..
This paper focuses on estimation of distributional economic welfare effects of the adoption of the CAP on different groups of Romanian households. The calculations of welfare effects are based on 1999 household data and refer to a 10-fold breakdown of Romanian households, i.e. five socio-economic categories from urban and rural areas, taking into account own (home) production of food. To identify the most vulnerable groups of Romanian consumers to food price changes, the Slutsky approximation Compensating Variation approach is applied. The results suggest that, if the current CAP is adopted and results in food price changes averaging a 10 per cent increase in all food prices, the lowest-income groups (i.e. urban and rural unemployed households, urban...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Distributional economic effects; CAP; Slutsky approximation; Compensating Variation; Romania; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24818
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EcoR Partener – Resource Center for the Promotion and Marketing of Organic Products. Organic Eprints
EcoR Partener is a young association established in Romania in order to bring the excellence in organic farming.
Tipo: Organization description Palavras-chave: Romania.
Ano: 2019 URL: http://orgprints.org/19744/1/Description_EcoR_Partener_2011.pdf
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Evaluating the implementation process of LEADER in Romania AgEcon
Marquardt, Doris; Mollers, Judith.
LEADER supports integrated rural regional development. The programme is characterized by a participatory and bottom-up approach, public-private partnerships, multi-sectoral regional development strategies and innovation. An obligatory Common Monitoring and Evaluation Framework (CMEF) was set up for evaluating EU interventions. The CMEF builds upon sets of common indicators and evaluation questions. Romania, where LEADER is currently introduced, has set national priorities for the programme implementation. For assessing the impact of LEADER in Romania meaningfully, an extension of the CMEF is needed. This paper, identifies and suggests appropriate indicators. Social Network Analysis is proposed as a tool for investigating intangible outcomes of LEADER in a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: LEADER; Evaluation; Romania; Social network analysis; Common monitoring and evaluation system; Community/Rural/Urban Development; D79; P25; R19; R59.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94734
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From small farming to rural, non-agricultural work in Romania: an evaluation on 3 measures of the rural development programme AgEcon
Ghib, Marie-Luce; Berriet-Solliec, Marielle.
Romanian rural areas contain the highest level of agricultural workers in the European Union, resulting in the challenge of stimulating non-agricultural employment. This paper uses the methodology of policy evaluation to analyse the influence of 3 measures the CAP. From an objectives tree to reveal the objectives of the programme to statistical analysis and field surveys, we analysed the pertinence, the coherence and the first results of those schemes. It was found that the targeted population was under estimated for one of the semi-subsistence schemes. Choosing activities (tourism and enterprise) which are open to all rural society leads to enhanced competition between beneficiaries. Due to the global context of economic crisis, co-financing can be met...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural policies; Policy evaluation; Small farms; Romania; Community/Rural/Urban Development; R58; O21; H72; C13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94915
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From Subsistence To Efficiency In The Romanian Agriculture During Transition AgEcon
Gavrilescu, Dinu; Gavrilescu, Camelia.
In Romania’s farming sector are currently working 3.6 million people, representing 32.1% of the total country’s labour force. Yet, they contribute by only 8.5% to total GDP (2005). Besides the sectoral restructuring efforts, there are at present social problems that have to be solved up, namely the diminution of the huge agricultural labour force and the improvement of life quality in the rural areas. The importance of completing the tasks that remained uncompleted during the transition period, namely the privatization of land still in state ownership, competitiveness improvement, development of a market-compatible institutional framework became a pressing need at present, in spite of the many difficulties.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Subsistence; Labor excedent; Net importer; Quality of life; Rural areas; Romania; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7814
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General Equilibrium Modelling Applied to Romania (GEMAR): Focusing on the Agricultural and Food Sectors AgEcon
Scrieciu, Silviu Serban; Blake, Adam.
Applied general equilibrium modelling represents a powerful tool for assessing future likely economic changes due to upcoming or hypothesised policy shocks such as those brought about by EU enlargement. It entails the main advantage of considering the complex simultaneous linkages, interactions and feedback effects between various sectors, institutions and factor resources within an economy, as well as the inter- and intra-industry trade links with other economies across the globe. This technical paper develops a general equilibrium model applied to Romania (GEMAR) with an emphasis on the agricultural and food processing activities. A simple simulation example is then given for illustrative purposes. More extensive use of GEMAR will be made in other...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Applied General Equilibrium Modelling; Romania; Agriculture; D58; O520; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30585
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How social learning influences further collaboration: experiences from an international collaborative water project Ecology and Society
Bressers, Hans; Twente Centre for Studies in Technology and Sustainable Development (CSTM), University of Twente; j.t.a.bressers@utwente.nl; Augustijn, Denie C. M.; Department of Water Engineering and Management, University of Twente; d.c.m.augustijn@utwente.nl.
Social learning in collaborative settings can play an important role in reducing water management problems. In this paper we analyze the nature and effects of these learning processes in an international collaborative setting. We assert that social interactions contribute to substantive and relational learning, which involves changes in the motivations, cognitions and resources of individual actors. In addition, interactions may contribute to social learning, which is the case when actors develop collective outcomes on which further collaboration can be based. We use these theoretical insights to examine a water project in which Dutch and Romanian actors collaborate. Their interactions changed their individual motivations, cognitions, and resources and led...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: International collaboration; Romania; Social learning; Water resource management.
Ano: 2014
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Impact of public subsidies on farms’ technical efficiency in New Member States before and after EU accession AgEcon
Latruffe, Laure; Bakucs, Lajos Zoltan; Bojnec, Stefan; Ferto, Imre; Fogarasi, Jozsef; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Jelinek, Ladislav; Luca, Lucian; Medonos, Tomas; Toma, Camelia.
This paper presents some results of a two-year (2006-2007) research project supported by the French Ministry of Research’s funding program ECONET. One of the project’s objectives was to investigate the determinants of farm technical efficiency in New Member States before and after accession to the European Union, and in particular the role of public subsidies on this performance variable. Four countries were considered: Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovenia, who acceded to the EU in 2004, and Romania, whose accession was in 2007. The study found that subsidies had a negative impact on farm technical efficiency in Hungary over the period 2001-2005, in the Czech dairy corporate sector over the period 2000-2004, in Slovenia over the period 1994-2003, and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technical efficiency; Farms; Subsidies; Hungary; Czech Republic; Slovenia; Romania; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44142
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