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Achieving the Sustainable Development Goal 06 in Brazil: the universal access to sanitation as a possible mission Anais da ABC (AABC)
DIAS,CINTIA M.M.; ROSA,LUIZ P.; GOMEZ,JOSE M.A.; D’AVIGNON,ALEXANDRE.
ABSTRACT Sanitation (which includes national public policies for drinking water, sewage services and waste management) is precarious in Brazil and therefore poses a challenge to a range of actors. Poor sanitation impacts public health, education, the environment, and daily life. Globally, it emits increasing greenhouse gases. Universalization of any major public service appears difficult, if not impossible; however, Brazil’s program to universalize access to electricity proves the opposite, as will be shown in this paper. By describing the successful implementation of electricity for everyone, we show that planned public efforts, coordinated with private initiatives and local communities, have worked, and the same can be achieved for the sanitation...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Solid Waste (SW); Water; Sewage; Sanitation; Greenhouse gases; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652018000401337
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Assessment of WASH scenarios in urban and rural schools of a small city in the Brazilian Amazon Acta Amazonica
BORGES-PEDRO,João Paulo; MÜLLER,Patricia; NUNES,Andreza Pinheiro; GOMES,Maria Cecilia R. L..
ABSTRACT This study analyzed environmental aspects of county and state managed public schools within Tefé county in the Brazilian Amazon, using the WASH concept (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) developed by UNICEF and OMS. WASH is a strategy used since 1995, when child mortality rates were on the rise. Research was conducted using a questionnaire applied to employees of 19 primary and secondary schools, and based on WASH principles. After its application, we used an observation checklist to assess the state of the schools’ physical structure. We also conducted water quality analyses. All schools presented water contamination with total coliforms and 26% did not conduct any type of water treatment. The number of toilets in all schools was insufficient, and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Water; Sanitation; Hygiene; Public schools; UNICEF.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0044-59672018000100075
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Coutry Profile Environment Ghana OceanDocs
This report presents information on the Environment of the Country in the following arrangement: 1 Keywords 2 Fact Sheet 3 Organization 4 Current Environmental Issues 5 International Relations 6 Information Sources 7 References
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: Environmental surveys; Pollution; Sanitation; Soil degradation; Deforestation; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_14073; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7168; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_15590.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/658
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El impacto social de la privatización y de la regulación de los servicios públicos en el Perú AgEcon
Torero, Maximo; Pasco-Font Quevedo, Alberto.
Casi cinco años después de haber culminado las privatizaciones en telecomunicaciones y electricidad, así como haber realizado importantes reformas en agua potable y alcantarillado, es necesario realizar un balance sobre los resultados de dichas reformas. A fin de determinar si el resultado fue positivo o negativo, esta investigación trata de cuantificar los efectos de las privatizaciones de los servicios públicos (agua, telecomunicaciones y electricidad) sobre el consumo y bienestar de los hogares urbanos peruanos. Por tanto, nuestro principal objetivo es analizar los efectos sobre la distribución del ingreso e identificar que hogares se beneficiaron y cuales se perjudicaron por los cambios en precios originados por las privatizaciones. Para lograr este...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Servicios públicos; Telecomunicacions; Electricidad; Privatización; Saneamiento; Perú; Public Services; Telecomunications; Electricity; Sanitation; Privatization; Peru; Public Economics; L3.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37758
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Fungos em sementes de soja: detecção, importância e controle. Infoteca-e
GOULART, A. C. P..
bitstream/item/184748/1/LIVRO-DOENCAS-FINAL.pdf
Tipo: Livro técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Sanidade; Soja; Doença de Planta; Doença Fúngica; Teste de Sementes; Tratamento de Semente; Soybeans; Seed treatment; Plant diseases and disorders; Fungi; Sanitation; Fungicides.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/1097768
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Institutional settings and livelihood strategies in the Blue Nile Basin: Implications for upstream/downstream linkages AgEcon
Haileslassie, Amare; Hagos, Fitsum; Mapedza, Everisto; Sadoff, Claudia W.; Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele; Gebreselassie, Solomon; Peden, Don.
Through rapid assessment of existing literature and review of policy and other official documents, the report synthesizes the existing knowledge and gaps on policies and institutions and identifies key research issues that need in-depth study. The report provides an overview of the range of key livelihoods and production systems in the Blue Nile Basin (BNB) and highlights their relative dependence on, and vulnerability to, water resources and water-related ecosystem services. It also makes an inventory of current water and land related policies and institutions in the BNB, their organizational arrangements, dynamics and linkages and key policy premises. It highlights the major problems in institutional arrangements and policy gaps and makes suggestions for...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: River basins; Water policy; Institutions; Institutional development; Farming systems; Mixed farming; Cereals; Sorghum; Irrigated farming; Vegetables; Pastoralism; Poverty; Water supply; Sanitation; Labor; Ecosystems; Energy; Water power; Watershed management; Water harvesting; Legal aspects; Environmental policy; Water users associations; Irrigation programs; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91871
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Pharmaceutical consumption and residuals potentially relevant to nutrient cycling in Greater Accra, Ghana JARTS
Germer, Jörn; Department of Plant Production and Agroecology in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Hohenheim, Germany, D-70593 Stuttgart, Germany; Sinar, Evren; Department of Plant Production and Agroecology in the Tropics and Subtropics, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany.
Recycling nutrients form sanitary wastes back into agricultural ecosystems offers an option to alleviate soil depletion in regions where the use of mineral fertiliser is limited. Exemplary nutrient and water cycling approaches, including collection, treatment and use of human urine, are established at Valley View University (VVU) in Greater Accra, Ghana.Concerns have been recently raised in regard to fate and impact of pharmaceutical residues in soils and interlinked environment. To evaluate in how far emerging knowledge can be transposed onto VVU, urban and rural environments in Greater Accra, spatial disease occurrence and drug consumption patterns were studied. Malaria has been found to represent the most severe health burden in Ghana, but there is also...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Environmental management; Toxicology; Agroecology; Sanitation; Nutrient cycling; Agriculture; Pharmaceuticals residues.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/2010082734343
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Piperine as a phytogenic additive in broiler diets PAB
Cardoso,Verônica da Silva; Lima,Cristina Amorim Ribeiro de; Lima,Marco Edílson Freire de; Dorneles,Luis Eduardo Gomes; Danelli,Maria das Graças Miranda.
The objective of this work was to determine the effect of piperine as a phytogenic additive in chicken broiler diet. Seven‑day‑old male chicks were randomly allocated in four experimental treatments (n = 24), with four replicates (n = 6). The piperine was added to diets at concentrations of 0, 60, 120, and 180 mg kg‑1 for 35 consecutive days. The following were evaluated: biochemical, hematological and histopathological parameters; performance and carcass yield. Histomorphometric analyses were also carried out. The addition of 120 and 180 mg kg‑1 of piperine did not alter broiler body weight and feed conversion, whereas 60 mg kg‑1 of piperine interfered positively in both parameters from 36 to 42 days of age and significantly increased the absorption...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Piper nigrum; Performance; Phytogenic additive; Sanitation.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2012000400003
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Policies, legislation and organizations related to water in South Africa, with special reference to the Olifants River Basin. AgEcon
Thompson, Hubert; Stimie, Chris M.; Richters, E.; Perret, Sylvain R..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water resource management; River basins; Water use; Organizations; Institutions; Mapping; Government; Political aspects; Ethnology; Social status; Water policy; Water law; Land tenure; Water supply; Sanitation; Water users; Land use; Conflict; Private sector; Non-governmental organizations; Local government; Water users' associations; Catchment areas; Monitoring; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92770
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Possible impacts of the transformation of water infrastructure on productive water uses: The case of the Seokodibeng village in South Africa AgEcon
Ladki, Marvan; Seshoka, Jetrick; Faysse, Nicolas; Levite, Herve; van Koppen, Barbara.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Water users’ associations; Water supply; Social participation; Land use; Water use; Villages; History; Domestic water; Irrigation water; Food security; Sanitation; Cost recovery; Project management; Pipes; Water balance; Livestock; Food Security and Poverty; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92656
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Quality of fresh-cut strawberry Horticultura Brasileira
Costa,Franciscleudo B; Duarte,Priscila S; Puschmann,Rolf; Finger,Fernando L.
The aim of this work was to study the physical, chemical, physiological and microbiological changes during the flow chart of fresh-cut strawberry. Strawberry cvs. Camarosa, Dover and Tudla, derived from experimental area of the Universidade Federal de Viçosa, were selected by color (red ¾) and absence of wound. Afterwards, the minimal processing was evaluated, as follows: fast cooling, water and ice, removal of the calyx followed by conservation at 5±0.5°C and 90-95% RH for 13 days, sanitation, drainage, cut in halves. Removal of the calyx did not result significant difference for fresh weight, total soluble solids, total titratable acidity, pH and ratio TSS/TTA. The rapid cooling resulted in lower electrolyte leakage and respiratory rate, especially...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Fragaria x ananassa Duch; Sanitation; Drainage; Anthocyanins.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-05362011000400006
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Reduction of Aeromonas hidrophyla biofilm on stainless stell surface by essential oils BJM
Millezi,Alessandra Farias; Cardoso,Maria das Graças; Alves,Eduardo; Piccoli,Roberta Hilsdorf.
This study demonstrates the possibility of using sanitizing detergents based on natural products for the elimination and/or reduction of Aeromonas hydrophila biofilm formed on stainless steel surfaces. The goal of this work was to determine the reduction effect of sanitizing detergents containing essential oils of Thymus vulgaris (thyme) and Cymbopogon citratus (lemongrass) on biofilm formed by A. hydrophila on AISI 304 stainless steel coupons, using UHT skimmed milk as substratum. There was adhesion and biofilm formation by A. hydrophila at 28 ºC, presenting 7.60 log cfu.cm-2 after the fourth day of cultivation. There was no significant difference between the lemongrass treatment and that of the thyme oil (p < 0.05). However, both treatments...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Thymus vulgaris; Cymbopogon citratus; Natural disinfectants; Sanitation.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822013000100010
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Sanitation and Drying of Sewage Sludge on Radiant Floors Using Solar Energy and Biogas: Comparison between Different Thicknesses of Deposited Mass BABT
Gontijo,Jéssica Cristine; Wagner,Luiz Gustavo; Souza,Mariana Espíndola de; Possetti,Gustavo Rafael Collere.
ABSTRACT Sewage sludge is a solid waste composed of water, rich in organic matter and nutrients, but concentrator of pathogenic microorganisms. Its use as agricultural fertilizer in the state of Paraná, Brazil is common. However, it is necessary to eliminate or significantly reduce microorganisms by means of a hygiene process. This can be obtained thermally, requiring a source of energy for heat generation. In this sense, a pilot system was constructed consisting of a stainless steel radiant floor, capable of transferring heat to the sewage sludge from coils coupled in base, through which the heated water circulates. The energy comes from solar radiation and is complemented by biogas from the anaerobic sewage treatment. Aiming to investigate the system's...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Biogas; Sanitation; Sewage sludge; Solar energy; Thermal drying.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132018000200217
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Socioeconomic Determinants of Disease Transmission in Cambodia AgEcon
Deolalikar, Anil B.; Laxminarayan, Ramanan.
The process of acquiring an infection has two components: first, exposure through proximity to another infected individual, and second, transmission of the disease. Earlier studies of the socioeconomic factors that affect the probability of acquiring an illness assume uniform exposure to infected individuals and may therefore result in biased estimates. This paper develops an empirical model, consistent with epidemiological models of spread of infections, to estimate the impact of socioeconomic variables on the extent of disease transmission within villages in Cambodia. Data from the 1997 Cambodia Socioeconomic Survey are used in this analysis.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Disease transmission; Sanitation; Infection; Public health; Health Economics and Policy; C1; I1; O1.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10695
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WASPA Asia: wastewater agriculture and sanitation for poverty alleviation in Asia AgEcon
International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Wastewater irrigation; Health hazards; Poverty; Sanitation; Development projects; Asia; Kolkata; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91467
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