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A sense of change: media designers and artists communicating about complexity in social-ecological systems Ecology and Society
Vervoort, Joost M.; Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford; Soil Geography and Landscape group, Wageningen University; Alterra; joost.vervoort@eci.ox.ac.uk; Keuskamp, Diederik H.; Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies, University of Amsterdam; d.h.keuskamp@uva.nl; Kok, Kasper; Soil Geography and Landscape group, Wageningen University; Kasper.Kok@wur.nl; van Lammeren, Ron; Laboratory for Geo-information Science and Remote Sensing, Wageningen University; ron.vanlammeren@wur.nl; Stolk, Taconis; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Arts Academy; tawstolk@wlfr.nl; Veldkamp, Tom (A.); Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, University of Twente; veldkamp@itc.nl; Rekveld, Joost; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Art; joost.rekveld@interfaculty.nl; Schelfhout, Ronald; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; ronaldschelfhout@gmail.com; Teklenburg, Bart; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; bartje2012@hotmail.com; Cavalheiro Borges, Andre; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; cavalheiroacb@gmail.com; Wits, Willem; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; willem_wits@hotmail.com; Assmann, Nicky; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; info@nickyassmann.net; Abdi Dezfouli, Erfan; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; info@erfanabdi.com; Cunningham, Kate; ArtScience Interfaculty, Royal Academy of Arts; kecunning@gmail.com; Nordeman, Berend; Media Technology, Leiden University; berend@nordeman.nl; Rowlands, Hannah; Oxford Martin School Programme for the Future of Food, University of Oxford; hannah.rowlands@zoo.ox.ac.uk.
To take on the current and future challenges of global environmental change, fostering a widespread societal understanding of and engagement with the complex dynamics that characterize interacting human and natural systems is essential. Current science communication methods struggle with a number of specific challenges associated with communicating about complex systems. In this study we report on two collaborative processes, a short workshop and longer course, that aimed to harness the insights of interactive media designers and artists to overcome these challenges. The two processes resulted in 86 new interactive media concepts which were selected by the participants and organizers using set criteria and then evaluated using the same criteria by a panel...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Communication; Complexity; Participation; Scale; Serious gaming; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2014
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ALTERNATIVES FOR SMALL FARM SURVIVAL: GOVERNMENT POLICIES VERSUS THE FREE MARKET AgEcon
Tweeten, Luther G.; Amponsah, William A..
This paper briefly outlines a topology of small farms and then considers the role of the government versus the market in key public policies such as commodity income support, environment, stability, research, and rural development. A number of options are explored for public policy to better serve small farms, including drastic alternatives such as graduated property taxes on farmland, with exemptions or lower rates for small farms. These and other alternatives are not necessarily recommended. Improved extension education and human resource development offer some of the most promising public policy opportunities to help small farmers.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Government; Limited resource; Market; Programs; Research; Rural; Scale; Small farm; Farm Management.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15249
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Balancing Accuracy and Meaning in Common-Pool Resource Theory Ecology and Society
Cox, Michael; School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University; Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University; miecox@indiana.edu.
Common-pool resources are managed in complex environments that are amenable to understanding, analysis, and management at multiple levels. This paper develops a heuristic criterion to identify the costs and benefits of adopting various levels of analysis when constructing theory for common-pool resource management. It argues that there is no single optimal level for such analysis. Instead, a trade-off is posed where theories at higher levels tend to be more accurate but less meaningful than theories at lower levels.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Common-pool resources; Complexity; Institutional analysis; Scale.
Ano: 2008
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Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) distribution in agroecosystems: a cross-scale habitat analysis. Repositório Alice
FERRAZ, K. M. P. M. de B.; FERRAZ, S. F. de B.; MOREIRA, J. R.; COUTO, H. T. Z.; VERDADE, L. M..
bitstream/item/178075/1/ID-27804-1.pdf
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Capybara; Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris; Scale; Brasil; Agroecosistema; Distribuição espacial; Agroecosystems; Brazil; Spatial distribution.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/188254
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Comparison between the opercular bones, the scales and the otoliths to investigate the growth of the brilliant pomfret (Eumegistus illustris) off the coast of Reunion Island (SW Indian Ocean) ArchiMer
Mahe, Kelig; Rabhi, Khalef; Bellamy, Elise; Elleboode, Romain; Aumond, Yoann; Huet, Jerome; Roos, David.
The brilliant pomfret (Eumegistus illustris) occurs in the western part of the Indian Ocean and the western and central Pacific Ocean. To date, the biology of E. illustris has never been documented. The aim of the present study was to investigate age and growth of E. illustris along the coasts of Reunion Island, based on calcified structures analysis. One hundred thirty five individuals were sampled in the landings of the French local artisanal fisheries from March 2014 to March 2015. The relationships between two types of body length (Total and Standard lengths, cm) and Total weight (g) were significant (P<0.05). Total length-weight relationship was described by the following parameters: a=0.012 and b=3.015 without significant effect of sexual...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eumegistus illustris; Growth; Scale; Otolith; Opercular bone; Indian Ocean; Reunion island.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00307/41861/41113.pdf
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Competing Claims on Natural Resources: What Role for Science? Ecology and Society
Giller, Ken E.; Wageningen University; ken.giller@wur.nl; Leeuwis, Cees; Wageningen University; cees.leeuwis@wur.nl; Andersson, Jens A.; Wageningen University; University of the Witwatersrand; jens.andersson@wur.nl; Andriesse, Wim; Wageningen University;; Brouwer, Arie; Wageningen University;; Frost, Peter; University of Zimbabwe;; Hebinck, Paul; Wageningen University;; van Ittersum, Martin K.; Wageningen University;; Koning, Niek; ;; Ruben, Ruerd; ;; Slingerland, Maja; Wageningen University;; Udo, Henk; Wageningen University;; Veldkamp, Tom; Wageningen University; Tom.Veldkamp@wur.nl; van de Vijver, Claudius; Wageningen University;; van Wijk, Mark T.; Wageningen University;; Windmeijer, Pieter; Wageningen University;.
Competing claims on natural resources become increasingly acute, with the poor being most vulnerable to adverse outcomes of such competition. A major challenge for science and policy is to progress from facilitating univocal use to guiding stakeholders in dealing with potentially conflicting uses of natural resources. The development of novel, more equitable, management options that reduce rural poverty is key to achieving sustainable use of natural resources and the resolution of conflicts over them. Here, we describe an interdisciplinary and interactive approach for: (i) the understanding of competing claims and stakeholder objectives; (ii) the identification of alternative resource use options, and (iii) the scientific support to negotiation processes...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Agricultural science; Conflict; Ecology; Level; Methodology; Natural resource management; Scale; Social science; Sustainable agriculture.
Ano: 2008
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Contemporary Visions of Progress in Ecology and Thoughts for the Future Ecology and Society
Starzomski, Brian M; University of British Columbia; starzom@zoology.ubc.ca; Cardinale, Bradley J; Department of Zoology, University of Wisconsin-Madison; bjcardinale@facstaff.wisc.edu; Dunne, Jennifer A; Santa Fe Institute; jdunne@santafe.edu; Hillery, Melinda J; Centre for Ecosystem Management, Edith Cowan University; m.hillery@ecu.edu.au; Holt, Carrie A; School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University; cholt@sfu.ca; Krawchuk, Meg A; Department of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta; megk@ualberta.ca; Lage, Melissa; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown University; Melissa_Lage@Brown.edu; McMahon, Sean; Complex Systems Group, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Tennessee; seanmcm@utk.edu; Melnychuk, Michael C; Fisheries Centre, Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia; m.melnychuk@fisheries.ubc.ca.
Although ecological research is progressing rapidly, the answers to certain key questions continue to elude us. This paper considers several of the contemporary challenges facing ecology. (1) Terminology is voluminous and often poorly defined, resulting in inefficient communication. (2) The concept of scale affects our inferences about system structure and function, requiring us to continue an almost heuristic investigation of breaks, domains, and integration. New tools that more explicitly incorporate scalar issues will need to be developed for progress to take place in the field of ecology. (3) Increasingly, it is expected that applied questions will be solved in less than a year. This demand for solutions from ecologists often produces short-term and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Cross-discipline research; Foundations of ecology; Information-sharing database; Scale; Statistics; Terminology.
Ano: 2004
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Control of linepithema micans (hymenoptera: formicidae) and eurhizococcus brasiliensis (hemiptera: margarodidae) in vineyards using toxic baits. Repositório Alice
NONDILLO, A.; ANDZEIEWSKI, S.; FIALHO, F. B.; BUENO, O. C.; BOTTON, M..
Linepithema micans (Forel) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) is the main ant species responsible for dispersal of Eurhizococcus brasiliensis (Wille) (Hemiptera: Margarodidae), a root scale that damages grapevines in southern Brazil. The effects of different formulations of toxic baits based on boric acid and hydramethylnon to control L. micans and E. brasiliensis were evaluated. Toxic baits with boric acid (1.0%) mixed in different concentrations of inverted sugar (20%, 30%, and 40%), and hydramethylnon, mixed with sardines (paste), cassava flour and peanut, brown sugar (sucrose), or sardine oil-based gel, were evaluated in a greenhouse and in the field. In the greenhouse experiment, the number of foraging ants was significantly reduced in the pots where the...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Formiga; Videira; Hydramethylnon; Ant; Scale; Control.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1060358
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Coproductive capacities: rethinking science-governance relations in a diverse world Ecology and Society
van Kerkhoff, Lorrae E.; The Australian National University; lorrae.vankerkhoff@anu.edu.au; Lebel, Louis; Chiang Mai University, Thailand; llebel@loxinfo.co.th.
Tackling major environmental change issues requires effective partnerships between science and governance, but relatively little work in this area has examined the diversity of settings from which such partnerships may, or may not, emerge. In this special feature we draw on experiences from around the world to demonstrate and investigate the consequences of diverse capacities and capabilities in bringing science and governance together. We propose the concept of coproductive capacities as a useful new lens through which to examine these relations. Coproductive capacity is &#8220;the combination of scientific resources and governance capability that shapes the extent to which a society, at various levels, can operationalize relationships between...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Capacity development; Coproduction; Environmental governance; Environmental policy; Knowledge; Scale; Science-policy interface; Sustainable development.
Ano: 2015
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Designing choice experiments to incorporate tests for geographic scale and scope differences AgEcon
Rolfe, John; Windle, Jill; Bennett, Jeffrey W..
Designing a choice modelling (CM) experiment to place a value on increasing protection of the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) raises complex issues. The size and diversity of the GBR, and the number of different pressures impacting on it, mean protection and improvement scenarios can be drafted in several different ways. This report discusses some of the considerations in selecting, describing and combining choice attributes. It also looks at how to incorporate tests for geographic scale (size) and scope (complexity) differences into the design of the CM survey instrument. The potential to include information about management options designed to achieve increased protection, and the associated risk and uncertainty, is also discussed.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Choice modelling; Scale; Scope; Coral reef; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94802
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Diversity, flexibility, and the resilience effect: lessons from a social-ecological case study of diversified farming in the northern Great Plains, USA Ecology and Society
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Diversified farming system; Diversity; Drought; Resilience; Northern Great Plains USA; Scale; Slow variables; Social-ecological systems; Sustainable agriculture; Values-based supply chain.
Ano: 2014
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Ecosystems and Immune Systems: Hierarchical Response Provides Resilience against Invasions Ecology and Society
Allen, Craig; University of Nebraska; allencr@unl.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biological invasions; Complex systems; Cross-scale; Ecosystem management; Immune systems; Institutions; Resilience; Scale.
Ano: 2001
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Exploring Scope and Scale Issues in Choice Modelling Design AgEcon
Rolfe, John; Wang, Xuehong.
The key tasks in the design of a choice modelling (CM) experiment are to define the scope, scale and frame of the tradeoffs presented to respondents. This study explores the scale and scope of choice tasks and then develops definitions of these terms. The scope of a good in a stated preference experiment refers to the dimensions used to define the good as well as the tradeoffs involved. The scale refers to the quantities involved. The framing refers to the context in which the choices are made. The discussion helps identify issues when setting the contingent market for a choice experiment.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Choice modelling; Scale; Scope; Framing; Embedding; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94806
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Exploring Strategies that Build Livelihood Resilience: a Case from Cambodia Ecology and Society
Marschke, Melissa J; York University; marschke@yorku.ca; Berkes, Fikret; University of Manitoba; berkes@cc.umanitoba.ca.
Livelihoods in Cambodian fishing communities are complex and dynamic. Fluctuations in resource abundance, seasonal cycles of resource use, and changes in access create conditions that bring challenges for rural households, as do economic and policy drivers. Nonetheless, people are continuously &#8220;doing something&#8221; in response to these stresses and shocks. This paper sets out to explore how households and community members attempt to mitigate against such challenges. The analysis of livelihood stresses and shocks in two Cambodian fishing villages shows that diversification is a commonly used strategy for coping and adapting. Analyzing responses at multiple scales, with emphasis on resilience-building strategies at household and community...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Cambodia; Diversification; Livelihood; Resilience; Scale; Uncertainty; Well-being.
Ano: 2006
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Five critical questions of scale for the coastal zone ArchiMer
Swaney, D. P.; Humborg, C.; Emeis, K.; Kannen, A.; Silvert, W.; Tett, P.; Pastres, R.; Solidoro, C.; Yamamuro, M.; Henocque, Yves; Nicholls, R..
Social and ecological systems around the world are becoming increasingly globalized. From the standpoint of understanding coastal ecosystem behavior, system boundaries are not sufficient to define causes of change. A flutter in the stock market in Tokyo or Hong Kong can affect salmon producers in Norway or farmers in Togo. The globalization of opportunistic species and the disempowerment of people trying to manage their own affairs on a local scale seem to coincide with the globalization of trade. Human-accelerated environmental change, including climate change, can exacerbate this sense of disenfranchisement. The structure and functioning of coastal ecosystems have been developed over thousands of years subject to environmental forces and constraints...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Scale; Coastal management; Governance; Fishery management; Regime shift; Biogeochemistry.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00073/18437/16086.pdf
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Foghorns to the Future: Using Knowledge and Transdisciplinarity to Navigate Complex Systems Ecology and Society
Cundill, Georgina N. R.; Rhodes University; gcundill@rides.cl; Fabricius, Christo; Rhodes University; c.fabricius@ru.ac.za; Marti, Neus; Autonomous University; neus@amauta.rcp.net.pe.
Complex systems are shaped by cross-scale interactions, nonlinear feedbacks, and uncertainty, among other factors. Transdisciplinary approaches that combine participatory and conventional methods and democratize knowledge to enable diverse inputs, including those from local, informal experts, are essential tools in understanding such systems. The metaphor of a &#8220;bridge&#8221; to overcome the divide between different disciplines and knowledge systems is often used to advocate for more inclusive approaches. However, there is a shortage of information and consensus on the process, methodologies, and techniques that are appropriate to achieve this. This paper compares two case studies from Peru and South Africa in which community-level assessments...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Ecological assessment; Community-based assessment; Complexity; Scale; Epistemology; Methodology; Millennium Ecosystem Assessment; Complex systems; Uncertainty; Peru; South Africa; Case studies; Transdisciplinary research.
Ano: 2005
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Frames of Scale Challenges in Finnish and Greek Biodiversity Conservation Ecology and Society
Apostolopoulou, Evangelia; Department of Ecology, School of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki ; evaposto@bio.auth.gr; Paloniemi, Riikka ; Environmental Policy Centre, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE); riikka.paloniemi@ymparisto.fi.
Global conservation expansion has been associated with significant changes in cross-scale interactions and in the discourses surrounding them engendering new scale challenges in the field of biodiversity conservation. In this paper, we analyze frames of scale challenges by drawing on evidence from eight focus groups of stakeholders and scientists from Greece and Finland. By following a systematic frame analysis we found three dominant frames. First, framing scale challenges as mainly derived from knowledge gaps regarding ecological scale emphasizes the scale problems occurring when only limited consideration is given to the scale-dependence of ecological phenomena. This prioritizes the formulation of scientifically informed conservation policies,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biodiversity governance; Conservation areas; Fit; Frames; Learning; Mismatch; Power; Scale.
Ano: 2012
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From LTER to LTSER: Conceptualizing the Socioeconomic Dimension of Long-term Socioecological Research Ecology and Society
Haberl, Helmut; Institute of Social Ecology, IFF Vienna, Klagenfurt University; Helmut.Haberl@uni-klu.ac.at; Winiwarter, Verena; Dept. of Cultural Analysis, IFF Vienna, Klagenfurt University; verena.winiwarter@univie.ac.at; Andersson, Krister; University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado; kanderss@indiana.edu; Ayres, Robert U.; INSEAD, Fountainebleau and IIASA, Laxenburg; Robert.AYRES@insead.edu; Boone, Christopher; School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Global Institute of Sustainability,; Christopher.G.Boone@asu.edu; Castillo, Alicia; Centro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexic; castillo@oikos.unam.mx; Cunfer, Geoff; Department of History, University of Saskatchewan; geoff.cunfer@usask.ca; Fischer-Kowalski, Marina; Institute of Social Ecology, IFF Vienna, Klagenfurt University; marina.fischer-kowalski@uni-klu.ac.at; Freudenburg, William R.; Environmental Studies Programme, University of California, Santa Barbara; freudenburg@es.ucsb.edu; Furman, Eeva; Finnish Environment Institute, SYKE; Eeva.Furman@ymparisto.fi; Krausmann, Fridolin; Institute of Social Ecology, IFF Vienna, Austria; fridolin.krausmann@uni-klu.ac.at; Mirtl, Michael; Federal Environment Agency Austria; michael.mirtl@umweltbundesamt.at; Redman, Charles L.; International Institute for Sustainability, Arizona State University; charles.redman@asu.edu; Reenberg, Anette; Institute of Geography, University of Copenhagen; Ar@geogr.ku.dk; Wardell, Andrew; Institute of Geography, University of Copenhagen; benjamin.warr@free.fr; Warr, Benjamin; INSEAD, Fountainebleau; benjamin.warr@free.fr; Zechmeister, Harald; Vienna Ecology Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna; harald.zechmeister@univie.ac.at.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Communication; Governance; Land use; Long-term ecological research (LTER); Long-term socioecological research (LTSER); Scale; Society-nature interaction; Socioecological metabolism; Socioecological systems..
Ano: 2006
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Global Water Governance in the Context of Global and Multilevel Governance: Its Need, Form, and Challenges Ecology and Society
Gupta, Joyeeta; Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research, University of Amsterdam; UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education; J.Gupta@uva.nl.
To complement this Special Feature on global water governance, we focused on a generic challenge at the global level, namely, the degree to which water issues need to be dealt with in a centralized, concentrated, and hierarchical manner. We examined water ecosystem services and their impact on human well-being, the role of policies, indirect and direct drivers in influencing these services, and the administrative level(s) at which the provision of services and potential trade-offs can be dealt with. We applied a politics of scale perspective to understand motivations for defining a problem at the global or local level and show that the multilevel approach to water governance is evolving and inevitable. We argue that a centralized overarching governance...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Global governance; Multilevel governance; Scale; Water governance.
Ano: 2013
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Integrating Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Ecological Science: a Question of Scale Ecology and Society
The benefits and challenges of integrating traditional ecological knowledge and scientific knowledge have led to extensive discussions over the past decades, but much work is still needed to facilitate the articulation and co-application of these two types of knowledge. Through two case studies, we examined the integration of traditional ecological knowledge and scientific knowledge by emphasizing their complementarity across spatial and temporal scales. We expected that combining Inuit traditional ecological knowledge and scientific knowledge would expand the spatial and temporal scales of currently documented knowledge on the arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) and the greater snow goose (Chen caerulescens atlantica), two important tundra species. Using...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Arctic; Inuit; Protected area; Scale; Chen caerulescens atlantica; Traditional ecological knowledge; Vulpes lagopus; Alopex lagopus; Local ecological knowledge; Scientific knowledge.
Ano: 2009
Registros recuperados: 53
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