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Registros recuperados: 18
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Analyse de la pecherie de petoncle noir et de coquille Saint-Jacques de la rade de Brest ArchiMer
Merrien, A.
For the fourth consecutive year, the fishing returns of the shelly season of the roads of Brest are analyzed. For the black Scallop, principal species currently exploited, the goal is to know the evolution of the fisheries. For the shell St Jacques, season 86-87 saw a light improvement of the captures due to a good recruitment during summer 84. In the first chapter the general conditions of the unfolding of the countryside are treated, in the following are analyzed the captures of black scallop then of shell St Jacques. In appendix the data of effort and production of the other species during the season appear.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Split of Brest; Capture; Scallop; Black scallop; Fishing.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1987/rapport-1537.pdf
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Aquaculture, restocking and stock enhancement as an answer to the scallop fisheries management crisis in the areas of Brest and Saint-Brieuc (Brittany) ArchiMer
Paquotte, Philippe.
Since the beginning of the century, scallop fisheries in France have known successive phases of expansion and recession. Although a system of fishing licences has been implemented, the number of fishermen involved in the scallop fishery has increased and huge investments have been made. The important fishing effortduring this period has induced a serions stock depletion, and output has dropped to less than 2 000 m.t. per year since 1986. Hence, the remunerations of capital and labour have dramatically decreased. As early as 1973, attempts have been made to use aquaculture methods for the management of thisstock, following the successful Japanese model. Because of insufficient amounts of spat available from the wild, hatchery and nursery techniques have...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Stock enhancement; Restocking; Scallop; Fishing licence; Aquaculture; SEM; Surpeuplement; Repeuplement; Coquille Saint Jacques; Licence de pêche; Aquaculture.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1992/publication-4096.pdf
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Bacterial problems associated with scallop Pecten maximus larval culture ArchiMer
Nicolas, Jean-louis; Corre, S; Gauthier, Gilles; Robert, Rene; Ansquer, Dominique.
Scallop Pecten maximus larvae have been cultured at the Argenton and Tinduff (Brittany, France) hatcheries with antibiotic treatment (chloramphenicol at 8 ppm) for 15 yr. Without treatment, outbreak of disease has normally occurred between Day 12 and Day 19 or sometimes earlier. A bacteriological study of larvae reared with and without antibiotic was performed over a 4 yr period. Among the collected strains, 2 clusters (C and F) of vibrios were present at high densities only in larvae cultured without treatment. One cluster (C) was routinely isolated over the 4 yr of study, while the other (F) was collected only in the third year. Their virulence with respect to scallop larvae and their lack of infectivity with respect to oyster larvae were demonstrated in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Larvae; Bivalve; Vibrio; Scallop.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00090/20077/17716.pdf
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Biological and Ecological Mechanisms Supporting Marine Self-Governance: the Seri Callo de Hacha Fishery in Mexico Ecology and Society
Basurto, Xavier; Indiana University; Duke University; Comunidad y Biodiversidad AC; xbasurto@indiana.edu.
My goal was to describe how biological and ecological factors give shape to fishing practices that can contribute to the successful self-governance of a small-scale fishing system in the Gulf of California, Mexico. The analysis was based on a comparison of the main ecological and biological indicators that fishers claim to use to govern their day-to-day decision making about fishing and data collected in situ. I found that certain indicators allow fishers to learn about differences and characteristics of the resource system and its units. Fishers use such information to guide their day-to-day fishing decisions. More importantly, these decisions appear unable to shape the reproductive viability of the fishery because no indicators were correlated to the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Atrina tuberculosa; Callo de hacha; Common-pool resources; Diving fisheries; Gulf of California; Mexico; Pen shells; Pinna rugosa; Resilience; Scallop; Seri; Small-scale fisheries; Social-ecological systems.
Ano: 2008
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Captage de naissain de pectinidés en rade de Brest. Incidences sur les programmes d'aménagement. ArchiMer
Dao, Jean-claude; Caisey, Xavier.
Since 1973, spat collection bas been conducted by IFREMER in the bay of Brest. This collection aimed at providing juveniles of Pecten maximus (1973-77) and then Chlamys varia(1977-87) in order to improve the management of the fishing grounds of the two species. Since 1982, the efforts have been focussed on the P. maximus spat production through the hatchery/nursery systems and the intermediate culture. Juveniles are seeded above a minimum size to create an additional population. In parallel, the levels of spat yied/collector have been followed as a pre-recruit index. At present time, there is no increase of spat collection during 1985-1990. Moreover, the results rise up the question of water quality in the bay of Brest for this group apparently very...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pectinidés; Captage; Collecteurs; Rade de Brest; Scallop; Pectinids; Spat collection; Bay of Brest.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00108/21965/19560.pdf
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Complete genome sequence of acute viral necrosis virus associated with massive mortality outbreaks in the Chinese scallop, Chlamys farreri ArchiMer
Ren, Weicheng; Chen, Haixia; Renault, Tristan; Cai, Yuyong; Bai, Changming; Wang, Chongming; Huang, Jie.
Acute viral necrosis virus (AVNV) is the causative agent of a serious disease resulting in high mortality in cultured Chinese scallops, Chlamys farreri. We have sequenced and analyzed the complete genome of AVNV. The AVNV genome is a linear, double-stranded DNA molecule of 210,993 bp with a nucleotide composition of 38.5% G + C. A total of 123 open reading frames were predicted to encode functional proteins, ranging from 41 to 1,878 amino acid residues. The DNA sequence of AVNV is 97% identical to that of ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1), and the amino acid sequences of the encoded proteins of these two viruses are 94-100% identical. The genomic organization of AVNV is similar to that of OsHV-1, and consists of two unique regions (170.4 kb and 3.4 kb,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acute viral necrosis virus; Herpesvirus; OsHV-1; Genome; Scallop; Chlamys farreri; AVNV.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00135/24620/22650.pdf
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Déterminisme du recrutement. Séminaire de Nantes, 2-4 juillet 1984 ArchiMer
Ifremer.
The causality of recruitment is of paramount importance for the progress of the control of marine living resources, but its study remains technically complax.The aim of the Nantes panel was to evaluate the state of advancement of three running programs on exploited species (sole, scallops and oysters), and to set out the basis of a wider national program of interest for both basic and targeted research.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Recrutement; Variabilité; Déterminisme; Sole; Coquille St Jacques; Huître; Recruitment; Variability; Causality; Sole; Scallop; Oyster.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00136/24713/22766.pdf
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Effect of Rhodomonas salina addition to a standard hatchery diet during the early ontogeny of the scallop Pecten maximus ArchiMer
Tremblay, Rejean; Cartier, Simon; Miner, Philippe; Pernet, Fabrice; Quere, Claudie; Moal, Jeanne; Muzellec, Marie-louise; Mazuret, Michel; Samain, Jean-francois.
The main objective of this study was to identify algal diets that maximize the survival and growth and alter the biochemical content of Pecten maximus larvae with the aim of improving metamorphosis. We also evaluated the potential of the cryptophyceae Rhodomonas salina as a food source for these larvae. Two flagellates, Isochrysis aff. galbana (T) and Pavlova lutheri (P), and two diatoms, Chaetoceros gracilis (C) or Skeletonema costatum (S), were tested as two ternary diets, namely PTC and PTS. PTC and PTS were compared with diets that also included R. salina (R). The addition of R. salina and the replacement of C. gracilis by S. costatum in the traditional hatchery diet seem to be two interesting alternatives for increasing the productivity of larval...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Algal fatty acids and sterols; Energetic content; Metamorphosis; Nutrition; Scallop.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2404.pdf
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Force production during escape responses: sequential recruitment of the phasic and tonic portions of the adductor muscle in juvenile sea scallop, Placopecten Magellanicus (gmelin) ArchiMer
Fleury, Pierre-gildas; Janssoone, Xavier; Nadeau, Madeleine; Guderley, Helga.
Giant scallops, Placopecten magellanicus, respond to the presence of starfish predators with an escape response consisting of a series of rapid valve adductions that allow the scallop to jump or swim away from the predator. To evaluate the coordination of the activity of the tonic and phasic muscles during such escape responses, we recorded their force production by attaching a force gauge to the shell of intact scallops and then stimulating the scallops with starfish. These recordings showed series of phasic contractions (claps) separated by prolonged tonic contractions. Numerous characteristics could be quantified from these recordings including the maximal force, mean force during the first minute, force, frequency and number of claps per series, as...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Scallop; Placopecten magellanicus; Tonic muscles; Escape response; Muscle contraction; Force production.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-2449.pdf
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French scallops: A new host for ostreid herpesvirus-1 ArchiMer
Arzul, Isabelle; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Davison, Andrew J.; Renault, Tristan.
Sporadic high mortalities were reported among larval French scallops (Pecten maximus). Electron microscopy of moribund larvae revealed particles with the characteristics of a herpesvirus in association with cellular lesions. PCR and DNA sequencing showed that the virus is a variant of ostreid herpesvirus-1 that has already been described in clams and oysters. This is the first description of a herpesvirus infection of a scallop species. The virus was transmitted successfully from an extract of infected scallop larvae to uninfected scallop or oyster (Crassostrea, gigas) larvae, demonstrating that it is able to infect both species. Detection of viral DNA in asymptomatic adult scallops by in situ hybridisation indicates that the herpesvirus may have been...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve; Host range; Transmission; Polymorphism; OsHV 1; Pecten maximus; Scallop; Herpesvirus.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/publication-739.pdf
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Information on sellers and buyers characteristics: added value to explain price formation at primary fish markets in managed French scallop fisheries ArchiMer
Lesur-irichabeau, Gabrielle; Guyader, Olivier; Fresard, Marjolaine; Leroy, C.; Latouche, K.; Le Grel, L..
The aim of this article is to explore, through a hedonic approach, the factors that might explain the price variability for the French-managed fishery of scallop at primary fish markets. In addition to factors classically identified in the current literature like intrinsic product characteristics or markets situation, the characteristics of operators are tested. The relationships of loyalty between sellers and buyers, and market assiduity are notably considered.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Buyer and seller characteristics; Fisheries management; Hedonic price; Market behaviour; Market structure; Scallop; Q21; Q22; Q28; C10; L11.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00301/41252/40442.pdf
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La Reproduction naturelle et contrôlée des bivalves cultivés en France. -Rapport de Groupe de Travail- IFREMER/Nantes/France, 14 et 15 novembre 1995 ArchiMer
Devauchelle, Nicole; Barret, Jean; Salaun, Gilles.
This report compiles 17 short and illustrated syntheses concerning the natural strategies of reproduction and the artificial control of the reproductive process for the flat oyster, Ostrea edulis, the japanese oyster, Crassostrea gigas, the mussels, Mytilus edulis and My ti/us galloprovincialis, the scallop, Pecten maximus. An additional syntheses is presented, as a comparison within molluscs, which are the main research topics at IFREMER concerning the artificial control of the reproductive processes in Marine Fish. Three main subjects are documented : 1. the ecophysiology of the natural period of reproduction in the wild, 2. the methods developed in the hatcheries for the artificial control of the reproductive periods, the gametes collection and the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalves; Stratégie de reproduction; Contrôle artificiel; Gonades; Gamètes; Coquille St Jacques; Moules; Huîtres; Nourriture; Photopériode; Température; Biologie; Physiologie; Biochimie.; Bivalves; Reproductive strategy; Artificial induction of reproduction; Gonads; Gametes; Scallop; Mussels; Oysters; Food; Light; Temperature; Biology; Physiology; Biochemistry..
Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00043/15441/12811.pdf
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Les campagnes d'évaluation du stock de coquilles Saint-Jacques en Manche orientale : méthodologie et estimation des indices d'abondance ArchiMer
Vigneau, Joel; Fifas, Spyros; Foucher, Eric.
The methodology used for obtaining absolute abundance indices for Eastern Channel scallop is described in this paper. For the survey (COMOR), stratified multi-stage random sampling is used. The number of sampled units is computed based on variance estimates from the last survey. Knowledge of gear (Brittany dredge with a diving plate) selectivity and efficiency parameters is required for estimating total exploitable biomass and absolute abundance indices by age and strata. Details of the mathematical development of all estimators are given. A non parametric bootstrap provides confidence intervals for all estimates.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eastern Channel; Bay of Seine; Dredge; Pecten maximus; Scallop; Survey; Assessment; Manche orientale; Baie de Seine; Drague; Pecten maximus; Coquille Saint Jacques; Campagne; Evaluation.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/rapport-6550.pdf
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Modelling benthic invasion by the colonial gastropod Crepidula fornicata and its competition with the bivalve Pecten maximus . 2. Coupling the 0D model of colony-forming species to a connectivity matrix for a realistic distributed simulation of benthic invasion ArchiMer
Menesguen, Alain; Hachet, Alois; Gregoris, Thomas.
The anthropogenic introduction in U.K. waters of the north-American marine gastropod Crepidula fornicata (Linné, 1758), commonly called slipper limpet, and its consecutive spreading has led in less than a century to the invasion of a part of benthic grounds along the North-European coasts. Competition for space has hampered the maintenance of the native scallop Pecten maximus, whereas dredge clogging has drastically limited scallop fishing, especially in the Western English Channel. In order to assess the possible future distribution and abundance of both species (Crepidula and Pecten), an original model of slipper limpet chains joined to a simple year-class model of the scallop (Ménesguen and Grégoris, 2017) has been coupled to a connectivity matrix...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Slipper limpet; Invasive species; Colony model; Connectivity matrix eigenvectors; Scallop; Competition for space.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00431/54231/57333.pdf
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Pathogenic threats and probiotic use in larviculture of the scallop, Pecten maximus ArchiMer
Kesarcodi-watson, Aditya; Miner, Philippe; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Asmani, Katia; Robert, Rene.
During a series of experiments, bacteriological elements in scallop larval rearing were investigated: larvae susceptibility to pathogens as a function of their age, and the use of probiotic bacteria during larviculture. Younger larvae (d5 PF) were highly more susceptible to pathogenic-challenge than their older siblings, which were challenged at an older age (d15 PF). A challenge with 104 CFU mL−1 of V. pectenicida killed 100% of d5 PF larvae 7 days following challenge, yet killed only 9% of d15 PF larvae 9 days following challenge. Use of the probiotics Phaeobacter gallaeciensis, Alteromonas macleodii 0444 and Neptunomonas sp. 0536, provided for larger larvae, a high yield of competent larvae and, perhaps more importantly, protection against...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Scallop; Pecten maximus; Probiotics; Alteromonas macleodii; Neptunomonas; Phaeobacter.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00210/32153/30900.pdf
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Preliminary analysis of the genetic variability of two natural beds of the Scallop Euvola ziczac (Linnaeus, 1758) in Brazil BABT
Wangüemert,Mercedes Gonzalez; Pezzuto,Paulo Ricardo; Borzone,Carlos Alberto.
Euvola ziczac (formerly Pecten ziczac), a simultaneous hermaphroditic scallop was heavily fished in Brazil between 1972 and 1980. The production peaked in 1980 with 8,800 tons and was followed by the total collapse of the resource. In order to investigate the possible loss of genetic variability of the stock associated to overfishing and self-fertilization, the polymorphism of phosphoglucomutase (PGM) and glucose phosphate isomerase (GPI) was analyzed by electrophoresis of the adductor muscle of scallops from São Francisco (26° 20.583’S; 48° 16.507’W) and Bom Abrigo (25° 28.735’S; 47° 37.621’W) beds; the southern and northern extremes of the scallop fishing ground, respectively. Animals from São Francisco showed a strong deficiency of heterozygosity for...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Genetic variability; Stock depletion; Scallop; Euvolaziczac; Brazil.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132000000200014
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Review of the reproductive physiology of the scallop, Pecten maximus, applicable to intensive aquaculture ArchiMer
Devauchelle, Nicole; Mingant, Christian.
This paper presents a summary of information on reproduction biology in the scallop, Pecten maximus, which is required for the successful reseeding and intensive aquaculture programs developed in France since 1982. Data are presented on the following subjects: environmental factors that sustain gametogenic activity and the time of year this activity occurs; biochemical changes that are associated with gametogenesis; the consistency of egg quality; and development of a simple test to predict egg quality.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Pecten maximus; Ecloserie; Physiologie de la reproduction; Embryon; Gamète; Aquaculture; Pecten maximus; Scallop; Hatchery; Reproductive physiology; Egg quality; Embryo; Gamete.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00038/14890/12216.pdf
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Scallop larval survival from erythromycin treated broodstock after conditioning without sediment ArchiMer
Holbach, Marine; Robert, Rene; Boudry, Pierre; Petton, Bruno; Archambault, Philippe; Tremblay, Rejean.
Pathogenic bacteria are known to be one of the main factors affecting Pecten maximus larval survival in hatcheries. As a result, juvenile production often relies on the use of antibiotics during larval culture. However, limitations of the usage of chemicals such as chloramphenicol in aquaculture have been reinforced due to their negative environmental impact and alternatives are accordingly needed. Thus, the importance of bacterial transfer from oocytes to larvae has been studied here as well as procedures to limit larval mortality in P. maximus. In order to reduce bacterial contamination during larval development, we focused on two periods, broodstock conditioning and post-fertilization. The animals were conditioned for 2 months with two erythromycin...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Scallop; Broodstock conditioning; Larval survival; Vibriosis.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00240/35171/33675.pdf
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