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Registros recuperados: 12
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A shortcut method for sexing juvenile European sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax L. ArchiMer
Menu, Bruno; Peruzzi, Stefano; Vergnet, Alain; Vidal, Marie-odile; Chatain, Beatrice.
The objective of this study was to develop a rapid and effective method of sexing juvenile sea bass with minimum labour and material. To this end, the gonad squash mount technique was applied along with macroscopic techniques for sexing a large number of experimental fish at the age of 215-275 days post fertilization (p.f.). At this age, 90% of the 3894 fish could be unambiguously sexed by macroscopic examination of their gonads, whereas the remaining proportion was identified using squash mount preparations (10%). The accuracy of the observations was measured up to classical histology procedures. Undifferentiated fish accounted for 0.1% of the total population only. The application of the squash mount technique holds out the prospect of considerable...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Histology; Squash; Juvenile; Gonads; Seabass; Dicentrarchus labrax.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-378.pdf
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Associations between tissue fatty acid composition and physiological traits of performance and metabolism in the seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) ArchiMer
Chatelier, Aurelien; Mckenzie, David; Prinet, Aurelie; Galois, Robert; Robin, Jean; Zambonino, Jose-luis; Claireaux, Guy.
Seabass were fed for 4 months with diets where the lipid was provided as either canola oil (CO), palm oil ( PO) or fish oil (FO), to generate diversity in their tissue fatty acid (FA) composition and investigate how this influenced major traits of exercise performance, cardiac performance and respiratory metabolism. In particular, based upon previous observations, we investigated the hypothesis that enriching the fish tissues with oleic and linoleic acids (OA, 18:1n-9 and LA, 18:2n-6, respectively) from the CO and PO diets would improve maximum exercise and cardiac performance, and increase aerobic metabolic scope. This proved to be the case; exercise respirometry on bass fitted with cardiac flow probes revealed that those fed CO and PO diets had a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Diet; Fatty acid; Cardiovascular performance; Metabolism; Swimming; Dicentrarchus labrax; Seabass.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1860.pdf
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Effect of chronic ammonia exposure on growth of European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) juveniles ArchiMer
Lemarie, Gilles; Dosdat, Antoine; Coves, Denis; Dutto, Gilbert; Gasset, Eric; Person, Jeannine.
Chronic effects of ammonia were studied in juvenile seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax (mean weight= 11 g), exposed for 63 days to eight stable ammonia concentrations, ranging from 0.24 to 0.90 mg l(-1) unionised ammonia nitrogen (UIA-N), respectively, from 6.1 to 22.3 mg l(-1) total ammonia nitrogen (TA-N). Temperature (21.8 degreesC), pH (8.0), salinity (37.0 ppt), and oxygen concentration (over 80% saturation at the outlet) were maintained constant. Fish were fed using a self-feeder device, and they were starved during the last 8 days. Mortality of 28.9 and 42.6% occur-red within the first 8 days at the two highest UIA-N concentrations, respectively, 0.90 and 0.88 mg l(-1). From days 0 to 55, a 1.8-fold increase in weight gain was observed under the 0.90-mg...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Plasma ammonia; Growth; Seabass; Chronic toxicity; Ammonia.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/publication-628.pdf
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Effet du taux et de la nature des lipides alimentaires sur les mécanismes intervenant dans la constitution des dépôts lipidiques (transport, captage, synthèse) chez la truite arc-en-ciel et le bar ArchiMer
Richard, Nadège.
Replacement of dietary fish oil by a blend of vegetable oils for more than a year does not affect growth, hepatic lipogenesis and tissue lipid uptake in rainbow trout and European seabass. However, this replacement decreases plasma cholesterol level in both species and LDL amount in rainbow trout. Such replacement does not affect muscle lipid content of fish but modifies fatty acid composition of fish flesh which reflects in most part that of dietary lipid source. Increasing dietary lipid level inhibits hepatic lipogenesis but does not modify tissue lipid uptake in seabass and in two trout lines selected for muscle lipid level. In seabass, dietary lipid level had a lower impact on growth and lipid metabolism than rearing temperature. In this species,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seabass; Rainbow trout; Lipoproteins; Lipoprotein lipase; Lipogenesis; Dietary lipid; Truite arc en ciel; Lipoprotéine lipase; Lipoprotéines; Lipogenèse; Lipides alimentaires; Bar.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/these-2297.pdf
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Egg quality in domesticated and wild seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax): A proteomic analysis ArchiMer
Crespel, Amlie; Rime, Helene; Fraboulet, Erwann; Bobe, Julien; Fauvel, Christian.
In order to improve Our understanding of factors determining egg quality in fish, seabass egg batches obtained from 34 females held under standard conditions, were assessed for biological performances and a fraction from each batch was subjected to proteomic analysis. Comparison of proteomic patterns from eggs of different quality revealed differential protein spots among which one was identified as Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinase, a highly conserved protein involved in cell proliferation. This study shows that molecular markers may help understand factors determining egg quality in fish.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seabass; NDK; Egg quality; Proteome.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-6555.pdf
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Etude d'un élevage intégré bars-huîtres ArchiMer
Buchet, Vincent; Bluteau, A.
Whatever the hydraulic gestion, an épuration of the fishes sewages is possible with the integrated system studied. The main action is situed in the intermediary pond with a significant decrease of nutrients, especially ammonia, and particulate mineral matters. The oyster's pond have no significant action on nutrients, but their action is real on chlorophyll which become limiting factor in 20% renewal system. One of the effluent, system 1 (renewal 10%) had high suspended matter and low nutrient concentrations. The other (renewal 20%) was poor in supcnded matters (chlorophyll). The system 2 give best oyster's growth, close to traditional nursery performances, with an highest mortality (32%). In the first system, suspended matter concentrations are too high...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Valorization; Oyster; Pre ongrowing; Seabass; Integrated rearing; Valorisation; Huître; Prégrossissement; Bar; Elevage intégré.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1996/rapport-1917.pdf
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Genotype by environment interactions for growth in European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) are large when growth rate rather than weight is considered ArchiMer
Dupont-nivet, Mathilde; Karahan-nomm, Bilge; Vergnet, Alain; Merdy, Olivier; Haffray, Pierrick; Chavanne, Herve; Chatain, Beatrice; Vandeputte, Marc.
Two hundred fifty three full-sib families from 33 males and 23 females of European seabass were produced in a partly factorial mating design. All fish were reared in the same tank for 14 months until reaching mean weight of 35 g. then 7000 of them were individually tagged and weighed, and dispatched to four farms in different locations (France, Israel, Italy and Portugal) representing a wide variety of environmental conditions. Around mean weight of 400 g. 1177 to 1667 fish at each site were weighed. Daily growth coefficient (DGC) was calculated. Pedigrees were successfully redrawn for 99.2% of fish using microsatellite markers. Genetic correlations between sites were high for body weight (>0.80 in all cases but one, i.e., five cases over six), but only...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dicentrarchus labrax; Seabass; Growth; Daily growth coefficient; Heritability; G x E interactions; Aquaculture.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00011/12256/9227.pdf
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Heritabilities and GxE interactions for growth in the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) using a marker-based pedigree ArchiMer
Dupont Nivet, M; Vandeputte, Marc; Vergnet, Alain; Merdy, O; Haffray, P; Chavanne, H; Chatain, Beatrice.
253 full-sib families from 33 males and 23 females of European seabass were produced in a partly factorial mating design. All fish were reared in the same tank during 14 months, then 7000 of them were dispatched in four farms to different locations (France, Israel, Italy, Portugal) representing a wide variety of environmental conditions. Around 400 g mean weight, 1177 to 1667 fish in each site were weighed and length was measured. Condition factor (K) was calculated. Pedigrees were redrawn a posteriori using microsatellites markers: parental origin could be retraced for 99.2% of fish. Due to a high incidence of deformities, the useful sample size was reduced to 491-670 fish per site. Maternal effects were small. Using a simple animal model, heritability...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microsatellites; GxE interactions; Heritability; Growth; Seabass; Dicentrarchus labrax.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4404.pdf
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Les pêcheries françaises du chalutage à bar : analyse de séries temporelles 1999-2007 ArchiMer
Morizur, Yvon; Meunier, M; Huet, Jerome; Martin, S.
A displacement of the fishing effort of the French pelagic trawlers from anchovy to the seabass fisheries is observed. A such situation on a non-quota managed species requires to analyse carefully the evolution in the status of seabass stocks. The evolution of fishing effort, the production and the landings per unit of effort were studied from 2000 to 2007 for the bottom trawling and for the pair pelagic trawling in the ICES sub-areas VIII and VII. The fishing effort was assessed by using a threshold on the landings by month in order to select the most effective fishing effort as representing 75 % of the effort concerned with seabass landings. Length compositions and age-length keys were used to calculate the cpue-at-age series. A total mortality value was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fishing mortality; Recruitment; Abundance index; Fishing effort; Trawling; Seabass; Dicentrarchus labrax; Mortalité par pêche; Recrutement; Indice d'abondance; Effort de pêche; Chalutage; Bar commun; Dicentrarchus labrax.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/rapport-7303.pdf
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Orientation des processus métaboliques chez les juvéniles de bar européen (Dicentrarchus labrax) par un conditionnement au stade larvaire ArchiMer
Vagner, Marie.
Worldwide supplies of fish oils and meals have reached their sustainable limits, forcing industries to look for alternative lipid sources for use in marine fish diets. As terrestrial animal products are prohibited, there is great interest in aquaculture to produce fish better able to utilise vegetable feedstuffs. Vegetable products are rich in 18 carbon fatty acids (C18 FA) but do not contain C20-22 n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (n-3 HUFA), such as ecosapentaenoic (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acids (DHA; 22:6n-3). The aim of this study was to know if it would be possible to apply a metabolic programming using nutritional conditioning during early larval stages, as already described in mammals, in order to stimulate the FA desaturation pathways...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Delta 6 desaturase; Metabolic programming; N 3 HUFA; Dicentrarchus labrax; Seabass; Aquaculture; Delta 6 désaturase; Programmation métabolique; HUFA n 3; Dicentrarchus labrax; Bar.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/these-6244.pdf
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Origine, devenir et contrôle de la matière particulaire dans les élevages de poissons marins en système recyclé ArchiMer
Franco, Miguel.
The particulate matter plays an essential role in the functioning of recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS). Rich in organic substances, it provides ideal conditions for the bacterial development, which contribute to its mineralization. The understanding of interactions between the bio-geochemical cycles of carbon and nitrogen in these processes is necessary to define an effective and adapted management of aquaculture facilities. A methodology using natural stable isotopes (13C and 15N) and elemental carbon and nitrogen analysis on particulate matter, allows to identify its sources and to quantify its fluxes. Applying this methodology, we found an enrichment of 13C in dorsal muscle of reared fish and non differences of 13C in fish liver compared to the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nitrogen; Carbon; Isotopes; Organic matter; Particulate matter; Dicentrarchus labrax; Seabass; Recirculating systems; Aquaculture; Azote; Carbone; Isotopes; Matière organique; Matière particulaire; Dicentrarchus labrax; Bar; Système de recirculation; Aquaculture.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/these-322.pdf
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Production de juvéniles de bar (Dicentrarchus labrax) en marais. Etude de trois séquences alimentaires de sevrage ArchiMer
Buchet, Vincent; Palvadeau, Hubert; Boussard, O..
Trials on the seabass weaning in atlantic marshes (Roux, 1993), have shown that the use of frozen prey improved this step and reduced his resulting stress. During the present study, which must confirmed these preliminary results, three alimentary sequences were tested. 1) natural zooplankton, weaning pellets, as control, 2) natural zooplankton, inert artemia (intensively produced), weaning pellets, 3) natural zooplankton, natural frozen zooplankton (harvested), weaning pellets. The achieved results show that weaning with intermediary phases (sequences 2 or 3) yield best results. Furthermore the phase with artemia yields, systematically, better results than with harvested zooplankton ; then artemia seems a excellent substitute food representing a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bar; Dicentrarchus labrax; Juvéniles; Elevage extérieur; Sevrage; Artémias; Zooplancton; Seabass; Dicentrarchus labrax; Juvenile; Outdoor rearing; Weaning; Artemia; Zooplankton.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00425/53683/54527.pdf
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