Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 52
Primeira ... 123 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A re-examination of matrix effects in the segmented-flow analysis of nutrients in sea and estuarine water ArchiMer
Coverly, Stephen; Kerouel, Roger; Aminot, Alain.
Modern instruments together with the use of standard reference materials have improved the accuracy and long-term reproducibility of the analysis of nutrients (ammonium, nitrate, nitrite, phosphate and silicate) in sea water using segmented-flow analysis, so that errors arising from matrix effects become more significant. Colorimetric detectors with bubble-through flowcells have become widely used for seawater analysis in recent years and their associated matrix effects are described. A re-examination of all categories of matrix effects, whose main origin is salinity, was thus undertaken to assess how much they are liable to alter the data. Interferences were classified into four types, each of which was examined in order to show its influence on the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nutrient; Determination; Seawater; Estuarine water; Segmented-flow analysis; Matrix effects.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00057/16843/14530.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Adaptative responses of E-coli to marine environmental stresses. a modelling approach based on viability and dormancy concepts ArchiMer
Martin, Y; Troussellier, Marc; Bonnefont, Jl.
In an attempt to synthesize conceptual and experimental information on the behaviour of enteric bacteria in seawater, a mathematical model has been developed. This model is based on changes in intracellular metabolisable components depending an physiological responses of the cell when subjected to nutrient starvation, salinity stress and solar radiation. Following a strategy which takes into account short- and mid-term physiological adaptation and reversal processes, the cells can develop in different states: culturable (B-1), viable and definitively nonculturable (B-2), and reversibly dormant (B-3) cells. Model parameters were deduced either from original microcosm experiments, from literature data or calibration procedures. Validation of the model was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Escherichia coli; Eau de mer; Stress; États cellulaires; Modélisation; Escherichia coli; Seawater; Stress; Cellular states; Modelling.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00325/43646/43224.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Adsorption of norovirus and ostreid herpesvirus type 1 to polymer membranes for the development of passive samplers ArchiMer
Hubert, Francoise; Morga, Benjamin; Renault, Tristan; Le Guyader, Soizick.
Aims This study was performed to develop passive sampling methodology for the detection of two viruses in seawater in the area of shellfish production, The Norovirus (NoV), a human pathogen implicated in gastroenteritis outbreaks linked to oyster consumption and the ostreid herpesvirus type 1 (OsHV-1) a virus associated with mass mortalities of Pacific oysters. Methods and Results Commercially membranes were tested for their capacity to adsorb virus: Zetapor, gauze, nylon, low density polyethylene (LDPE) and Polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF). Laboratory exposures of membranes to contaminated water samples (stool, sewage, seawater) were performed. Our data shown that the amount of NoV GII genome per membrane measured with qRT-PCR increased with the time of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Norovirus; OsHV-1; Pacific oysters; Passive samplers; Seawater; Sewage.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00365/47646/47670.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Advances in measuring ocean salinity with an optical sensor ArchiMer
Le Menn, Marc; De La Tocnaye, J. L. De Bougrenet; Grosso, P.; Delauney, Laurent; Podeur, Christian; Brault, P.; Guillerme, O..
Absolute salinity measurement of seawater has become a key issue in thermodynamic models of the oceans. One of the most direct ways is to measure the seawater refractive index which is related to density and can therefore be related to the absolute salinity. Recent advances in high resolution position sensitive devices enable us to take advantage of small beam deviation measurements using refractometers. This paper assesses the advantages of such technology with respect to the current state-of-the-art technology. In particular, we present the resolution dependence on refractive index variations and derive the limits of such a solution for designing seawater sensors well suited for coastal and deep-sea applications. Particular attention has been paid to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Refractive index; Seawater; Density; Salinity; Refractometer.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00052/16295/13899.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
ALLEVIATION OF SALINITY STRESS ON Vicia faba L. PLANTS VIA SEED PRIMING WITH MELATONIN Acta biol.Colomb.
DAWOOD,Mona Gergis; EL-AWADI,Mohamed E.
Melatonin is an environmentally friendly-molecule with a potent free radical scavenger and antioxidant capacity. Two pot experiments were conducted during two successive winter seasons (2011/2012 and 2012/2013) at the wire-house of the National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt to study the potentiality of melatonin (100 mM and 500 mM) in alleviating the harmful effect of diluted seawater at a relatively low and high concentrations (3.85 dS/m and 7.69 dS/m, respectively) on the performance of faba bean plants. The results revealed that irrigation of faba bean plants with diluted seawater reduced growth parameters (plant height, leaves number/plant, fresh and dry weights of plant), relative water content (RWC), photosynthetic pigments (chlorophylls a, b...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Indole acetic acid; Legumes; Minerals; N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine; Protein patterns; Seawater.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0120-548X2015000200022
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
An automated photo-oxidation method for the determination of dissolved organic phosphorus in marine and fresh water ArchiMer
Aminot, Alain; Kerouel, Roger.
A segmented flow automated method with on-line photo-oxidation for the determination of dissolved organic phosphorus + soluble reactive phosphorus (DOP + SRP) in seawater and fresh water is described here. A low-power lamp was used for a compact, easy-to-handle and low-ozone-producing manifold. The influence of seawater matrix components was studied in detail using natural seawater and salt solutions spiked with DOP model compounds. Bromide was found to be the most inhibitory species in seawater. The work shows that most salt solutions referred to as artificial seawater are not satisfactory model matrices to test the actual seawater matrix effect. Since DOP recovered in undiluted seawater samples was about half that obtained in fresh water samples, the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Measurement; Fresh water; Seawater; Total dissolved phosphorus; Dissolved organic phosphorus.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/publication-1678.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Analyse, distribution, production et dégradation d’esters de phtalates (PAEs) en zone côtière méditerranéenne ArchiMer
Paluselli, Andrea.
Phthalic Acid Esters (PAEs) are a group of emerging organic contaminants that have become a serious issue because of their ubiquitous presence on the marine environment worldwide and for the endocrine disrupting effects in animals and humans. However, little is known about their distribution in the Ocean, mainly because of analytical difficulties and the high possibility of ambient sample contamination. Plastic debris in marine environment includes resin pellets, macro- and microplastic fragments, and contains additives such as PAEs that might be released in the aquatic environment in unknown proportion. In our work, we improved an analytical method for the determination of 8 PAEs, at trace levels in marine and fresh waters. In the first part of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Phtalates; DEHP; Eau de mer; Perturbateurs endocriniens; Microplastiques; Microplastics; Endocrine disruptors; Seawater; Phthalates; Dehp.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00497/60904/64252.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Analysis of hydrogen and methane in seawater by “Headspace” method: Determination at trace level with an automatic headspace sampler ArchiMer
Donval, Jean-pierre; Guyader, Vivien.
“Headspace” technique is one of the methods for the onboard measurement of hydrogen (H2) and methane (CH4) in deep seawater. Based on the principle of an automatic headspace commercial sampler, a specific device has been developed to automatically inject gas samples from 300 ml syringes (gas phase in equilibrium with seawater). As valves, micro pump, oven and detector are independent, a gas chromatograph is not necessary allowing a reduction of the weight and dimensions of the analytical system. The different steps from seawater sampling to gas injection are described. Accuracy of the method is checked by a comparison with the “purge and trap” technique. The detection limit is estimated to 0.3 nM for hydrogen and 0.1 nM for methane which is close to the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Gas; Seawater; Headspace method.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00354/46523/46287.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Bilan 1992 de la contamination des côtes françaises par les composés organostanniques ArchiMer
Michel, Pierre; Averty, Bernard.
Au cours du printemps 1992, un échantillonnage systématique a permis d'évaluer le niveau de la contamination des côtes françaises par les composés organostanniques. Le tributyl étain (TBT) a été mesuré dans la phase dissoute avec ses produits de dégradation dibutyl étain (DBT) et monobutyl étain (MBT). Les concentrations mesurées restent importantes dans les zones portuaires et les zones de mélanges. Ces concentrations sont le plus souvent excessives lorsqu'on se réfère au seuil toxique de 1ng.1-1 pour lequel des effets sont connus sur l'huître et certains autres mollusques. Les trois façades maritimes françaises ont été contôlées ; c'est en Méditerranée que l'on peut observer les plus fortes concentrations. En plus du TBT et de ses métabolites, on a aussi...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tributyl étain; Dibutyl étain; Monobutyl étain; Triphényl étain; Composés organostanniques; Eau de mer; France.; Tributyltin; Dibutyltin; Monobutyltin; Triphenyltin; Organotin compounds; Seawater; French coasts.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00104/21530/19111.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Biofilms en mileu marin ArchiMer
Compere, Chantal.
Introduction: Almost all submerged surfaces in the marine environment are subject to developing an organic film, with the exception of some living organisms, such as sponges, which do not undergo any great colonization, for no currently-known scientific reason. The presence of this biofilm is at the source of many problems in the oceanographic field and for marine business. This article introduces some drawbacks relating to the existence of this fouling and elaborates upon the main studies conducted at IFREMER concerning the most-used methods for combating it. However, the anti-fouling agents that are generally used for protecting facilities are toxic and can have disastrous consequences on the marine environment's fauna and flora. Moreover, the use of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biofilm; Seawater.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/publication-1698.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
C18 Sep-Pak extractable dissolved organic copper related to hydrochemistry in the North-West Mediterranean ArchiMer
El Sayed, Mohamed A.; Aminot, Alain.
Extractable organic copper using C18 Sep-Pak cartridges was investigated in seawater after laboratory experiment showed that the (C18 Sep-Pak) cartridges were reliable, in open and coastal waters with normal levels of dissolved organic carbon, for the separation of a specific fraction of organo-copper complexes.Given that the Sep-Pak cartridges retain the hydrophobic fraction of the dissolved organic matter, this extraction technique was applied for studying the characteristics of this particular hydrophobic dissolved organic copper fraction (hDOCu) in the north-western Mediterranean waters. Surface distribution of hDOC is influenced by organic matter input from the river Rhone and its estuary as well as the physical processes affecting the primary...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mediterranean sea; Seawater; Dissolved organic matter; Copper compounds.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2000/publication-1681.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Consequences of radioactive releases into the sea resulting from the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant - Evolution of expert investigation according to the data available ArchiMer
Laguionie, Philippe; Bailly-du-bois, Pascal; Boust, D.; Fievet, B.; Garreau, Pierre; Connan, O.; Charmasson, Sabine; Arnaud, M.; Duffa, Celine; Champion, D..
The accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) in March 2011 led to an unprecedented direct input of artificial radioactivity into the marine environment. The Institute for Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety was requested by the French authorities to investigate the radioecological impact of this input, in particular the potential contamination of products of marine origin used for human consumption. This article describes the close link between the responses provided and the availability of the data, as well as their nature and ability to meet the requirements of expert investigation. These responses were needed: (i) to evaluate the inputs of radionuclides into the marine environment, (ii) to understand their dispersion in seawater,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Nuclear power plant; Accident analysis; Seawater; Sediment; Biota.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00096/20690/18353.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Detection of ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) DNA in seawater by PCR: influence of water parameters in bioassays ArchiMer
Vigneron, Vassilia; Solliec, Gaelle; Montanie, Hélène; Renault, Tristan.
Since 1991, herpesvirus infections have been reported among larvae and juveniles of various bivalves. Most of the studies focused on detection of viral infections of economically important species. However, the persistence of bivalve herpesviruses; in the marine environment is poorly documented. The present study concerns the role of seawater parameters in Ostreid Herpesvirus I (OsHV-1) detection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Viral DNA extracted from purified particles or virions present in infected oyster larvae were detected by PCR after storage in different media at different temperatures. The lowest detection threshold was found using distilled water or Tris EDTA buffer. In seawater, the threshold was higher. The use of sterile media permitted...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Temperature; PCR; Detection; Seawater; Viral DNA; Oyster herpesvirus 1.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/publication-2909.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Determination of iron-porphyrin-like complexes at nanomolar levels in seawater ArchiMer
Vong, Lilita; Laes, Agathe; Blain, Stéphane.
A new method for the non-specific determination of iron-porphyrin-like complexes in natural waters has been developed. It is based on the chemiluminescent oxidation of the luminol in the presence of dioxygen (O-2) at pH 13. The method has been implemented in a FIA manifold that allowed the direct injection of seawater. The limit of detection is 0.11 nM of equivalent hemin (Fe-protoporphyrin IX). Fe2+, Fe3+, H2O2, siderophore (deferoxamin mesylate), humic acid and phytic acid did not interfere when the), were present at the concentrations expected in seawater. Metal free porphyrin and Mg, Cu, Co porphyrin complexes did not induce a significant chemiluminescent signal. Poisoned unfiltered samples could be stored for several weeks before analyses. The new...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chemiluminescence; Complexation; Flow injection; Seawater; Porphyrin; Iron.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3298.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Determination of rare earth elements and other trace elements (Y, Mn, Co, Cr) in seawater using Tm addition and Mg(OH)(2) co-precipitation ArchiMer
Freslon, Nicolas; Bayon, Germain; Birot, Dominique; Bollinger, Claire; Barrat, Jean-alix.
This paper reports on a novel procedure for determining trace element abundances (REE and Y, Cr, Mn, Co) in seawater by inductively coupled plasma sector field mass spectrometry (ICP-SFMS). The procedure uses a combination of pre-concentration using co-precipitation onto magnesium hydroxides and addition of thulium spike. The validity of the method was assessed onto 25 ml volumes of certified reference materials (NASS- and CASS-4) and in house seawater standard. Procedural blanks were determined by applying the same procedure to aliquots of seawater previously depleted in trace elements by successive Mg(OH)(2) co-precipitations, yielding estimated contributions to the studied samples better than 1.1% for all elements, with the exception of Cr (<3.3%)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Trace elements; Rare earth elements (REE); Seawater; Mg(OH)(2) co-precipitation; ICP-MS; Thulium.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00041/15220/15855.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Determination of the copper isotope composition of seawater revisited: A case study from the Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Baconnais, Isabelle; Rouxel, Olivier; Dulaquais, Gabriel; Boye, Marie.
A new technique for the determination of dissolved copper isotope composition (δ65Cu) of seawater was applied to examine copper sources and internal cycling in the Mediterranean Sea. A succession of chelating resin with nitrilotriacetic acid functional groups and strong base anion exchange resin, together with optimization of the multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry set-up allowed to isolate copper from seawater matrix and to measure the 65Cu/63Cu ratios in seawater with an external precision of 0.06‰ (2 s.d.). This method was first applied for inter-comparison measurements to surface and deep waters sampled at station BATS in the North Atlantic Ocean. Disparities in δ65Cu reported here and in the literature over these samples...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Copper isotope; Seawater; Mediterranean Sea; Geotraces; Isotope fractionation.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00457/56880/58742.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Devenir des virus entériques en mer et influence des facteurs environnementaux ArchiMer
Gantzer, Christophe; Dubois, Éric; Crance, Jean-marc; Billaudel, Sylviane; Kopecka, Helena; Schwartzbrod, Louis; Pommepuy, Monique; Le Guyader, Françoise.
To improve the knowledge of the survival of enteric viruses in a marine environment, the influence of physico-chemical parameters (temperature, UV, salinity) on the survival of infectious poliovirus 1 and hepatitis A Virus (HAV) in seawater was first studied, the influence of suspended solids (SS) on poliovirus adsorption and survival in seawater was then evaluated and the detection of rotavirus genome in environmental samples (shellfish, river water, treated wastewater) was finally investigated. The results show that temperature has a major impact on virus survival in seawater as the time necessary to inactivate 90 % of the virus (T-90) is 671 days at 4 degrees C and only 25 days at 25 degrees C. Ultraviolet light (42 mW s cm(-2)) rapidly inactivates...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Environmental factors; Survival; Seawater; Enteric viruses; Facteurs environnementaux; Survie; Eau de mer; Virus entériques.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/publication-846.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Distribution of phthalates in Marseille Bay (NW Mediterranean Sea) ArchiMer
Paluselli, Andrea; Fauvelle, Vincent; Schmidt, Natascha; Galgani, Francois; Net, Sopheak; Sempere, Richard.
Phthalic Acid Esters (PAEs) are a group of emerging organic contaminants that have become a serious issue because of their ubiquitous presence and hazardous impact on the marine environment worldwide. Seawater samples were collected monthly from December 2013 to November 2014 in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea (Marseille Bay). The samples were analyzed for dissolved organic carbon (DOC) as well as the molecular distribution of dissolved PAEs by using solid phase extraction followed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analyses. The results demonstrated the occurrence of six PAEs, including dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), di-isobutyl phthalate (DiBP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), benzylbutyl phthalate (BzBP) and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Phthalates; DEHP; DMP; Seawater; Dissolved organic matter; Endocrine disruptors.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00413/52482/53358.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Durability of polydicyclopentadiene under high temperature, high pressure and seawater (offshore oil production conditions) ArchiMer
Le Gac, Pierre-yves; Choqueuse, Dominique; Paris, Marc; Recher, G.; Zimmer, Celine; Melot, D..
In the offshore industry polymer coatings are widely used to ensure thermal insulation of steel pipes, and to avoid over-cooling of the hot oil inside. Because of very severe service conditions (i.e. high temperature, high pressure and presence of seawater) and an expected life time of 20 years, durability of these coatings is a major issue for this industry. Polypropylene and polyurethane are often used for this application, nevertheless these polymers have some limitations in terms of processing time for polypropylene and maximum service temperature for polyurethane. Polycyclopentadiene (pDCPD) shows good processing characteristics and low thermal conductivity, so this polymer could be a good alternative coating in the offshore industry, but the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Polydicyclopentadiene; Seawater; Accelerated ageing; Oxidation; Offshore; Field joint.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00114/22534/20233.pdf
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Efecto de diferentes densidades de siembra en el engorde de tilapia roja (Oreochromis mossambicus x O. aureus) en jaulas colocadas en la bahía de Casilda, Cuba OceanDocs
Fraga, I.; Flores, E. R.; Reyes, R.; Llanes, Y..
Con el objetivo de evaluar el efecto sobres el crecimiento y la supervivencia, de diferentes densidades de siembra de tilapia roja en jaulas de diferentes volúmenes (4, 6 y 16 m3) se desarrollaron tres ciclos de engorde en la bahía de Casilda, provincia Sancti-Spíritus. La selección del sitio se realizó a partir de una red de cinco estaciones muestreadas en lluvia y seca para determinar los parámetros físico, químicos, batimétricos y turbidez. Los alevines se adaptaron al agua de mar en tanques de 12 m3, con flujo de agua marina (1.4 - 2.8 L/segundo) durante 24 horas con supervivencia de 96%. Al emplear densidades de 73 y 184 alevines/m3 en jaulas de 6 m3, no se observaron diferencias significativas (p> 0.05) en el crecimiento y supervivencias...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Food; Seawater; Stock density; Cages; Environmental impact; Yield.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4334
Registros recuperados: 52
Primeira ... 123 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional