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Registros recuperados: 27
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Breeding and Domestication of Eastern Oyster ( Crassostrea virginica ) Lines for Culture in the Mid-Atlantic, Usa: Line Development and Mass Selection for Disease Resistance ArchiMer
Frank-lawale, Anu; Allen, Standish K.; Degremont, Lionel.
A selective breeding program for Crassostrea virginica was established in 1997 as part of an initiative in Virginia to address declining oyster harvests caused by the two oyster pathogens Haplosporidium nelsoni (MSX) and Perkinsus marinus (Dermo). Housed in the Aquaculture Genetics and Breeding Technology Center (ABC), the objective of the program was to develop and disseminate disease-resistant lines that would enable an oyster culture industry. Today, culture of disease-resistant cultivars accounts formore than 90%of oyster production in the state, where 28.1 million half-shell oysters and 2 billion eyed larvae were sold in 2012. Results of our line development program as of 2006 are reported. Eight ABC lines from 3 genetic groups—East Coast (EC),...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Oysters; Selective breeding; Disease resistance; Chesapeake Bay; Growth; Genetic improvement; MSX; Dermo.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29950/28395.pdf
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Combining Individual Phenotypes of Feed Intake With Genomic Data to Improve Feed Efficiency in Sea Bass ArchiMer
Besson, Mathieu; Allal, Francois; Chatain, Beatrice; Vergnet, Alain; Clota, Frederic; Vandeputte, Marc.
Measuring individual feed intake of fish in farms is complex and precludes selective breeding for feed conversion ratio (FCR). Here, we estimated the individual FCR of 588 sea bass using individual rearing under restricted feeding. These fish were also phenotyped for their weight loss at fasting and muscle fat content that were possibly linked to FCR. The 588 fish were derived from a full factorial mating between parental lines divergently selected for high (F+) or low (F–) weight loss at fasting. The pedigree was known back to the great grand-parents. A subset of 400 offspring and their ancestors were genotyped for 1,110 SNPs which allowed to calculate the genomic heritability of traits. Individual FCR and growth rate in aquarium were both heritable...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Feed conversion ratio; Fine phenotyping; Genomic selection; Individual feed intake; Restricted feeding; Selective breeding.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00486/59799/62927.pdf
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Déterminisme nutritionnel et génétique de la teneur en lipides musculaires chez la truite arc-en-ciel (Oncorhynchus mykiss) [Texte imprimé] : étude par analyse de l'expression de gènes candidats, du protéome et du transcriptome du foie et du muscle ArchiMer
Kolditz, Catherine-inès.
The objective of the study was to identify genes and proteins that are involved in the control of muscle fat deposition in rainbow trout. We analyzed the combined effects exerted by genetic selection and dietary treatment, which are the two main factors that can be used to manage body fat content. Two lines of rainbow trout, obtained after 3 generations of divergent selection for high or low muscle fat content, were fed diets containing either 10% or 23% lipids (% dry matter), for six months. We analyzed the activity and gene expression of key enzymes involved in energy utilization, and performed a more global approach through transcriptome (nylon microarray) and proteome (twodimensional electrophoresis) analysis. We analyzed the liver, which is the centre...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Proteomics; Transcriptomics; Selective breeding; Dietary energy; Rainbow trout; Protéome; Transcriptome; Sélection génétique; Apport énergétique alimentaire; Truite arc en ciel.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/these-6794.pdf
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Double résistance aux infections dues aux organismes pathogènes Vibrio aestuarianus et OsHV-1 chez l’huître creuse Crassostrea gigas – DORE. Rapport scientifique final de l’étude DORE, convention DPMA-Ifremer 2016 ArchiMer
Degremont, Lionel; Maurouard, Elise; Godfrin, Yoann; Travers, Marie-agnes; Morga, Benjamin; Lamy, Jean-baptiste; Benabdelmouna, Abdellah.
Depuis 2012, le nombre de cas de mortalités d’huîtres creuses adultes (Crassostrea gigas) rapportés dans le cadre des réseaux de surveillance de l’Ifremer, et dans lesquels la bactérie Vibrio aestuarianus a été isolée, a fortement augmenté. Les objectifs de cette étude étaient (1) d’étudier la sensibilité des huîtres C. gigas à une infection à V. aestuarianus pour des lots diploïdes et triploïdes et (2) déterminer la réponse à la sélection pour une meilleure résistance à V. aestuarianus pour des huîtres C. gigas. Neuf stocks ont été utilisés, répartis en trois niveaux de sélection, chacun étant donc répliqué par trois pontes. Pour chaque stock, un lot diploïde (2n), un lot triploïde (3n_chim) produit par la rétention d’un globule polaire, et trois lots...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio aestuarianus; OsHV-1; Sélection; Résistance; Triploïdes; Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas; Vibrio aestuarianus; OsHV-1; Selective breeding; Disease resistance Pacific oyster; Crassostrea gigas; Triploids.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00404/51530/52140.pdf
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Economic values of growth and feed efficiency for fish farming in recirculating aquaculture system with density and nitrogen output limitations: a case study with African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) ArchiMer
Besson, M.; Komen, H.; Aubin, J.; De Boer, I. J. M.; Poelman, M.; Quillet, Edwige; Vancoillie, C.; Vandeputte, Marc; Van Arendonk, J A M.
In fish farming, economic values (EV) of breeding goal traits are lacking, even though they are key parameters when defining selection objectives. The aim of this study was to develop a bioeconomic model to estimate EV of 2 traits representing production performances in fish farming: the thermal growth coefficient (TGC) and the feed conversion ratio (FCR). This approach was applied to a farm producing African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) in a recirculating aquaculture system (RAS). In the RAS, 2 factors could limit production level: the nitrogen treatment capacity of the biofilter or the fish density in rearing tanks at harvest. Profit calculation includes revenue from fish sales, cost of juveniles, cost of feed, cost of waste water treatment, and fixed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Economic values; Feed conversion ratio; Fish farming; Recirculating aquaculture system; Selective breeding; Thermal growth coefficient.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00245/35593/34277.pdf
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Effect of selection for fasting tolerance on feed intake, growth and feed efficiency in the European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax ArchiMer
Daule, Sophie; Vandeputte, Marc; Vergnet, Alain; Guinand, Bruno; Grima, Laure; Chatain, Beatrice.
Feed efficiency is a major goal for aquaculture sustainability, and selecting fish to genetically enhance this trait would be highly valuable. However, no selective breeding program specifically targeted to feed efficiency exists for farmed fish, mostly because of the difficulty of measuring individual feed intake. However, a negative phenotypic correlation between feed efficiency and weight loss at fasting has been previously demonstrated in sea bass submitted to feed deprivation (FD). We mated sea bass parents selected for their high (FD+) or low (FD-) weight loss at fasting to produce FD+ and FD- progeny, which were reared in a single tank to avoid common environmental effects. At 8 months of age, 1200 of those fish were submitted to three alternating...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: European sea bass; Dicentrarchus labrax; Selective breeding; Feed efficiency; Fasting tolerance.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00189/29985/28483.pdf
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"First class oysters" : progress and constgraints in genetic improvement of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) ArchiMer
Boudry, Pierre.
The most significant genetic improvement for the production of Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) up until now has been obtained through the production of triploids, particularly since the development of tetraploids in the mid 90s. Alternatively, quantitative genetics studies suggest that significant gains could be obtained in traits of aquacultural interest. However, the limited extent of hatchery propagation (compared with natural recruitment) in some countries and/or technical difficulties and biological characteristics of this species have retarded the development of selective breeding programs for C. gigas. Individual selection can however be performed easily in such a highly fecund species, though it often leads to small effective population sizes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Selective breeding; Genetic; Crassostrea gigas; Pacific oysters.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/acte-3462.pdf
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First Evidence of Realized Selection Response on Fillet Yield in Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, Using Sib Selection or Based on Correlated Ultrasound Measurements ArchiMer
Vandeputte, Marc; Bugeon, Jérôme; Bestin, Anastasia; Desgranges, Alexandre; Allamellou, Jean-michel; Tyran, Anne-sophie; Allal, Francois; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde; Haffray, Pierrick.
Fillet yield, the proportion of edible fillet relative to body weight, is a major trait to improve in fish sold processed, as it has a direct impact on profitability and can simultaneously decrease the environmental impact of producing a given amount of fillet. However, it is difficult to improve by selective breeding, because it cannot be measured on live breeding candidates, its phenotypic variation is low, and, as a ratio, it is not normally distributed and a same change in fillet yield can be the result of different changes in fillet weight and body weight. Residual headless gutted carcass weight (rHGCW) is heritable and highly genetically correlated to Fillet% in rainbow trout, and can be predicted by the ratio of abdominal wall thickness to depth of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Fillet yield; Selective breeding; Selection response; Production efficiency; Heritability.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00599/71121/69423.pdf
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Future directions in breeding for disease resistance in aquaculture species R. Bras. Zootec.
Houston,Ross D..
ABSTRACT Infectious disease is a major constraint for all species produced via aquaculture. The majority of farmed fish and shellfish production is based on stocks with limited or no selective breeding. Since disease resistance is almost universally heritable, there is huge potential to select for improved resistance to key diseases. This short review discusses the current methods of breeding more resistant aquaculture stocks, with success stories and current bottlenecks highlighted. The current implementation of genomic selection in breeding for disease resistance and routes to wider-scale implementation and improvement in aquaculture are discussed. Future directions are highlighted, including the potential of genome editing tools for mapping causative...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Genome editing; Genomic selection; Selective breeding.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982017000600545
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Genetic improvement and selection in shellfish : a review based on oyster research and production ArchiMer
Boudry, Pierre; Barre, Marc; Gerard, Andre.
Despite the economic importance of shellfish, genetic improvement has not yet had a great impact on these species. Shellfish farming is traditionally based on wild species whose natural populations are often overexploited and do not fulfill market demand. Up to now, the most effective answer to disease problems or for the improvement of productivity has been the introduction of new species. However, the introduction of new species is constrained by their ecological impact and is also limited by the availability of suitable species. Genetic improvement of local species should therefore be of great importance as a viable alternative for the long term sustainability of the shellfish industry. The different approaches to genetic improvement include...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Selective breeding; Hybridization; Polyplidy; Introduction; Oysters; Selection; Hybridation; Polyploidie; Introduction; Huitres.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1997/acte-3499.pdf
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Genetic improvement and selection in shellfish : a review based on oyster research and production ArchiMer
Boudry, Pierre; Barre, Marc; Gerard, Andre.
Despite the economic importance of shellfish, genetic improvement has not yet had a great impact on these species. Shellfish farming is traditionally based on wild species whose natural populations are often overexploited and do not fulfil market demand. Up to now, the most effective answer 10 disease problems or for the improvement of productivity has been the introduction of new species. However, the introduction of new species is constrained by their ecological impact and is also limited by the availability 01 suitable species. Genetic improvement of local species should therefore be of great importance as a viable alternative for the long term sustainability 01 the shellfish Industry. The different approaches 10 genetic improvement include...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Selective breeding; Hybridization; Polyploidy; Introduction; Oyter; Sélection; Hybridation; Polyploïdie; Introduction; Huîtres.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/publication-2740.pdf
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Genetic improvement of hatchery propagated bivalve stocks : prospects and constraints ArchiMer
Boudry, Pierre.
To date, the most significant genetic improvement for the production of Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) has been obtained through the production of triploids, especially since the development of tetraploids. Quantitative genetics studies suggest that significant gains, for disease resistance or other traits, could be obtained in diploids. However, the limited extent of hatchery-propagation (versus natural recruitment) and/or various technical difficulties and biological characteristics of the species have retarded the development of selective breeding programs. In the U.S.A., Australia and New Zealand, family-based selective breeding programs have recently been initiated to improve growth, disease tolerance and yield. In Europe, where both natural and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microsatellite markers; Crassostrea gigas; Selective breeding; Triploid; Pacific oyster; Genetic.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/acte-3451.pdf
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Genetic variability and selective breeding for traits of aquacultural interest in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) (slides) ArchiMer
Boudry, Pierre; Degremont, Lionel; Taris, Nicolas; Mccombie, Helen; Haffray, Pierrick; Ernande, Bruno.
To date, the most significant genetic improvement for the production of Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) has been obtained through the breeding of triploids, especially since the development of tetraploids. Quantitative genetics studies suggest that significant gains, for disease resistance or for other traits of aquacultural interest, could be obtained in diploids using this approach. However, the limited extent of hatchery-propagation (versus natural recruitment) and/or various technical difficulties and biological characteristics of the species have retarded the development of selective breeding programs. Recently, in the U.S.A., Australia and New Zealand, countries where hatcheries are a major source of C. gigas juveniles, family-based selective...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microsatellite markers; Selective breeding; Genetic; Genetic variability; Crassostrea gigas; Pacific oysters.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/acte-3449.pdf
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Genetic variation and trade-offs for reproduction ans survival in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Boudry, Pierre; Degremont, Lionel; Bedier, Edouard; Pouvreau, Stephane; Normand, Julien; Ernande, Bruno.
To date, the most significant method to genetically reduce reproductive effort in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) has been through the production of triploids, especially since the development of tetraploid lines allowing the breeding of 'natural' triploids. Gametogenesis of triploid oysters is strongly reduced compared with diploids, although they are not fully sterile and can produce viable gametes and some progenies when crossed with diploids. Reduced reproductive allocation and higher heterozygocity are commonly proposed as the main reasons why triploids often present superior yield compared with diploids. Temperature and food availability are known to favour gametogenesis in triploids, but the existence of genetic variation for this trait...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Selective breeding; Reproduction; Genetic variation; Crassostrea gigas; Pacific oyster; Genetic.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/acte-3445.pdf
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In search for indirect criteria to improve feed utilization efficiency in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) Part II: Heritability of weight loss during feed deprivation and weight gain during re-feeding periods ArchiMer
Grima, Laure; Chatain, Beatrice; Ruelle, Francois; Vergnet, Alain; Launay, Amandine; Mambrini, Muriel; Vandeputte, Marc.
Selective breeding to improve residual feed intake (RFI) in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) is a major goal that would optimize economic gain while minimizing the environmental impact of production. Due to the difficulty in accurately measuring individual feed intake, no selective breeding program has yet been started. In a previous study, we identified a criterion phenotypically related to RFI variations: the loss of weight during feed deprivation, FD. Moreover, an additional composite criterion (CC) integrating both FD and weight gain during subsequent re-feeding (RF) was closely related to RFI, even though the relationship was only close to significance (P=0.06). The aim of the present study was to estimate the heritability of these two traits, in order...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: European sea bass; Dicentrarchus labrax; Feed efficiency; Heritability; Genetic parameters; Residual feed intake; Feed deprivation; Compensatory growth; Selective breeding.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00004/11529/8213.pdf
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In search for indirect criteria to improve residual feed intake in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) Part I: Phenotypic relationship between residual feed intake and body weight variations during feed deprivation and re-feeding periods ArchiMer
Grima, Laure; Vandeputte, Marc; Ruelle, Francois; Vergnet, Alain; Mambrini, Muriel; Chatain, Beatrice.
No commercial breeding programs have yet started to improve feed utilization efficiency in fish, mainly because of the difficulty in accurately measuring individual feed intake in fish reared in groups. Our general goal is to propose indirect criteria to be used for breeding of commercial lines. In a previous study undertaken with rainbow trout clones, a genetic correlation was detected between residual feed intake (RFI), and body weight variation during successive periods of feed deprivation (FD) and re-feeding (RF). To assess the pertinence of such indirect criteria for future breeding programs, we set up a large experiment using sea bass (Dicentrachus labrax), a recently domesticated species with broad genetic diversity. The objectives of the present...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: European sea bass; Dicentrachus labrax; Feed efficiency; Residual feed intake; Feed deprivation; Compensatory growth; Selective breeding.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11297/7838.pdf
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Indirect improvement of pearl grade and shape in farmed Pinctada margaritifera by donor "oyster" selection for green pearls ArchiMer
Ky, Chin-long; Blay, Carole; Sham-koua, Manaarii; Lo, Cédrik; Cabral, Philippe.
The top aquaculture species in French Polynesia is Pinctada margaritifera, a mollusc grown for the production of a unique gem: the black pearl. One of the challenges facing the pearl farming industry is to "produce less but better pearls" through genetic improvement. An experimental hatchery system was used to generate full-sib families to be tested for their potential as donor "oysters". A large-scale grafting experiments was done and seven cultured pearl quality traits: grade, surface defects, lustre, darkness level, visual colour categories, circles and shape categories were recorded. Our results revealed, for the first time, significant phenotypic relationships between these quality traits. The grade A cultured pearl class had the largest proportion of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pearl "oyster"; Pinctada margaritifera; Donor "oyster"; Cultured pearl quality; Pearl grade; Pearl colour; Pearl shape; Selective breeding.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00190/30130/28592.pdf
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Multi-site evaluation of the rearing performances of 5 wild populations of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) ArchiMer
Vandeputte, Marc; Garouste, Romain; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde; Haffray, Pierrick; Vergnet, Alain; Chavanne, Herve; Laureau, Stanislas; Ron, Tetsuzan Benny; Pagelson, Glen; Mazorra, Carlos; Ricoux, Remi; Marques, Pedro; Gameiro, Marta; Chatain, Beatrice.
Sea bass is a major species in Mediterranean aquaculture, but has a distribution area ranging from North Atlantic to South Mediterranean, with a population structure previously revealed by population genetics. To test the farming performances of wild sea bass populations, we produced a partial diallel cross mating scheme, using sires originating from North Atlantic (NAT), South Atlantic (SAT), West Mediterranean (WEM), North-East Mediterranean (NEM) and South-East Mediterranean (SEM). Fifteen sires per origin were mated in a full-factorial design using artificial fertilization with 9 NAT dams and 17 WEM dams, producing 10 population crosses and 1950 potential full-sib families. All fish were reared together, then tagged at an average weight of 20 g and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: European sea bass; Dicentrarchus labrax; Selective breeding; Growth; Processing yields; Genotype by environment interaction.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00171/28265/26514.pdf
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Negative genetic correlations between production traits and head or bony tissues in large all-female rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) ArchiMer
Haffray, Pierrick; Bugeon, Jerome; Pincent, Cedric; Chapuis, Herve; Mazeiraud, Emmanuel; Rossignol, Marie-noelle; Chatain, Beatrice; Vandeputte, Marc; Dupont-nivet, Mathilde.
Genetic parameters of production traits (growth, carcass yield, fillet yield) and bony tissues (head and vertebral axis) were estimated for large all-female rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss reared in freshwater. Genetic parameters were estimated using REML at 16 months of age (1636 g) on 1962 DNA-assigned progenies from a partial factorial mating design with 60 dams and 100 sex-reversed sires. Most traits presented medium to high heritability (0.37 to 0.54). A high genetic correlation (r(A)=0.97) was found between fillet yield and headless gutted carcass yield (or HGCarc%). Due to its higher heritability and high genetic correlation with fillet yield, selection on HGCarc% should result in a 50% increase in selection efficiency on fillet yield by reducing...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Resource allocation; Fillet yield; Head; Salmonids; Aquaculture; Selective breeding.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00109/22042/19801.pdf
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Overwiew on selective breeding and genetic improvement in bivalve shellfish ArchiMer
Boudry, Pierre.
Dr. Boudry focussed his talk on oysters, which are the most important bivalve species produced world wide (more than 4 million tons). One of the main characteristic of bivalve aquaculture is that most of the juveniles ("seed or "spat") are collected from natural recruitment (e.g. 100% of the European mussel production). Hatchery propagation is used in the case of introduced species (e.g. Crassostrea gigas in USA) or limited natural recruitment. The most significant genetic improvement for the production of Pacific oyster (C. gigas) to date has been obtained through the breeding of triploids, especially since the development of tetraploids. Triploidy lead to highly reduced gametogenesis and, as a result better growth and survival. Many quantitative...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Oyster; Genetic variability; Bivalve shellfish; Selective breeding; Genetic.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/acte-3479.pdf
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