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A simple way of avoiding feed wastage in European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax, under self-feeding conditions ArchiMer
Coves, Denis; Gasset, Eric; Lemarie, Gilles; Dutto, Gilbert.
Self-feeding systems allow fish to freely express feeding activity. A simple rod at the water surface can act as a trigger and provide fish with a way of obtaining pellets from a feeder. Such a rod presented to experienced European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax, may lead to feed wastage, probably as a result of unintentional fish contacts with the trigger. Trigger protection screens have been designed to prevent fish contacting the trigger by chance, and the efficacy of such screens was tested. Nocturnal and diurnal feed delivery and feed wasted were compared under conditions where the rod was unprotected or protected by semi-cylindrical or cylindrical screens. Tests were conducted using an unrestricted self-feeding regime (reward: 0.2 g pellet per kg of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Feeding behaviour; Feed wastage; Self feeding; Fish culture; Comportement alimentaire; Gaspillage d'aliment; Auto alimentation; Élevage de poissons.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/publication-867.pdf
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Behavioral and neurophysiological responses of European sea bass groups reared under food constraint ArchiMer
Di Poi, Carole; Attia, J; Bouchut, C; Dutto, Gilbert; Coves, Denis; Beauchaud, M.
The individual food-demand behavior of juvenile European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax, L.) reared in groups under self-feeding conditions was investigated. The triggering activity on self-feeder, i.e. index of the food-demand activity, agonistic interactions and territorial behavior were monitored for periods of 42 to 68 days in six groups of 50 fish. The specific growth rate was calculated and the brain serotonergic activity was used as a stable index of social stress. Inter-individual differences appeared in triggering activity and three groups were distinguished: 3-5 high-triggering fish, 17-30 low-triggering fish and the remaining individuals were null-triggering fish. There were no significant differences in specific growth rates calculated at the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Social stress; Brain serotonergic activity; Territorial behavior; Agonistic interactions; Self feeding; European sea bass; Triggering activity; Food demand behavior.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2637.pdf
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Effect of chronic exposure to ammonia on growth, food utilisation and metabolism of the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) ArchiMer
Dosdat, Antoine; Person, Jeannine; Coves, Denis; Dutto, Gilbert; Gasset, Eric; Le Roux, Annick; Lemarie, Gilles.
The chronic effects of exposing sea bass (average initial weight 100 g) to ammonia in water at 22 degreesC were first evaluated over a 61-day period (period 1, P1) during which nine different groups were submitted to nine ambient ammonia levels ranging from 0.014 to 0.493 mg 1(-1) NH3-N (0.53-16.11 mg 1(-1) total ammonia nitrogen (TA-N)) and fed using self-feeders. At the end of P1, the fish were starved for 10 days (P2). Their recovery capacity was tested over 43 days (P3) after which the exogenous ammonia supply was stopped in all treatments and the fish were allowed to feed. After 20 days of exposure a highly significant effect of ammonia was evident from the decrease in feeding activity, voluntary feed intake (VFI) and specific growth rate (SGR), and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sea bass; Self feeding; Compensatory growth; Chronic toxicity; Ammonia.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-595.pdf
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Long-term monitoring of individual fish triggering activity on a self-feeding system: An example using European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) ArchiMer
Coves, Denis; Beauchaud, M; Attia, J; Dutto, Gilbert; Bouchut, C; Begout, Marie-laure.
In two experiments, a computerized on-demand feeding system coupled with a PIT tag monitoring device was used to continuously record the triggering activity by ca. 50 individual sea bass for 55 days (Exp. 1, initial average body weight and coefficient of variation, CV: 299 g, 15%) and 69 days (Exp. 2, 157 g, 13%). Each group was stocked in 1 m(3) tanks and exposed to a water temperature of 21 +/- 1 degrees C and a light regime of 16:8 LD. Only 5% of the triggering activity was not associated with simultaneous PIT tag detection. Although each individual was detected via PIT tag during the experiment, only 67% and 74% of the fish actuated the trigger at least once in Exp. 1 and Exp. 2, respectively. Moreover, only two fish in Exp. 1 and one fish in Exp. 2...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PIT tag detection antenna; Individual triggering activity; Self feeding; Sea bass.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1341.pdf
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