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A case study of ships forming and not forming tracks in moderately polluted clouds OMA
Noone, K.J.; Öström, E.; Ferek, R.J.; Garrett, T.; Hobbs, P.V.; Johnson, D.W.; Taylor, J.P.; Russell, L.M.; Flagan, R.C.; Seinfeld, J.H.; O'Dowd, C.D.; Smith, M.H.; Durkee, P.A.; Nielsen, K.; Hudson, J.G.; Pockalny, R.A.; De Bock, L.; Van Grieken, R.E.; Gasparovic, R.F.; Brooks, I..
The effects of anthropogenic particulate emissions from ships on the radiative, microphysical, and chemical properties of m(oderately polluted marine stratiform clouds are examined. A case study of two ships in the same air mass is presented where one of the vessels caused a discernible ship track while the other did not. <i>In situ</i> measurements of cloud droplet size distributions, liquid water content, and cloud radiative properties, as well as aerosol size distributions (outside cloud, interstitial, and cloud droplet residual particles) and aerosol chemistry, are presented. These are related to measurements of cloud radiative properties. The differences between the aerosol in the two ship plumes are discussed; these indicate that...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aerosols; Air pollution; Albedo; Anthropogenic factors; Atmospheric boundary layer; Atmospheric particulates; Chemical plumes; Cloud physics; Clouds; Droplets; Fuels; Ocean-atmosphere system; Pollution effects; Radiative transfer; Ships; Size distribution.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=8840
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Abundancia relativa y distribución de tallas de corvina rubia Micropogonias furnieri y pescadilla de red Cynoscion striatus en la Zona Comun de Pesca Argentino-Uruguaya y en el Rincón. Noviembre, 1994. OceanDocs
Carozza, C.R.; Cotrina, C.P..
The study aims to discriminate juvenile and adult concentration areas of white croacker Micropogonias furnieri and striped weakfish Cynoscion striatus in two different areas: Argentine-Uruguayan Common Fishing Zone (AUCFZ) and El Rincón (Buenos Aires Prov., Argentina). The length structure and the relative abundance of these two species were analyzed with data from a research cruise carried out by R/V Dr.E.L.Holmberg during November 1994. Data of relative abundance in t/nm2 were considered to define distribution and concentration areas. 49 samples of white croaker and 41 striped weakfish from AUCFZ a, inside the area of Río de la Plata and in front of Montevideo coast, at depths lesser than 8 meters, while the adults were located in the northern coast of...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Abundance; Fishery surveys; Size distribution; Coastal fisheries; Coastal fisheries; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1696.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2472
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Abundancia, reproducción y distribucion de tallas del gatuzo Mustelus schmitti en la Zona Comun de Pesca Argentino-Uruguaya y en el Rincón. Noviembre, 1994 OceanDocs
Cousseau, M.B.; Carozza, C.R.; Macchi, G.J..
Relative abundance, length distributions and reproductive condition of Mustelus schmitti are analyzed with samples obtained in the cruise H-13/94. Our results are compared with those obtained in other cruises. The samples were collected in the Argentine-Uruguayan Common Fishing Zone (AUCFZ) and El Rincón (Buenos Aires Prov., Argentina).
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Abundance; Reproduction; Fishery surveys; Size distribution; Reproduction; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6507.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2475
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Aérosols côtiers dans le nord de la Manche ArchiMer
Flament, P; Lepretre, A; Noel, S; Auger, Y.
Dix-huit prélèvements d'aérosols ont été effectués en Manche Nord, soit en bordure de mer, soit à quelques milles au large, à l'aide d'un impacteur à cascade (5 étages). L'ensemble des données (concentrations de 8 éléments répartis en 6 classes granulométriques successives) est exploité par analyse factorielle des correspondances. Celle-ci permet de mettre en évidence de larges déformations dans les spectres granulométriques pour les éléments traceurs marin et terrestre (Na et Al). En opposition, les métaux résultant d'activité anthropique (Fe, Pb, Zn, Mn), ont des comportements beaucoup plus typés. Parmi ceux-ci, la présence du manganèse sur le site paraît être indépendante de celle des autres métaux et imputable à une seule source. Pb, Fe, Zn et cuivre...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aérosols; Éléments-traces; Analyse par correspondance; Distribution granulométrique; Littoral; Aerosols; Trace elements; Correspondence analysis; Size distribution; Coastal.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00110/22082/19723.pdf
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Age et croîssance du chinchard à quelque jaune (trachurus méditerraneus) dans la région nord de la Tunisie OceanDocs
Fezzani Serbaji, S.; Chemmam-A, B.; Ben Salem, M..
Le chinchard à queue jaune est un Carangidae qui fait l’objet d’une exploitation par les différents types de pêche le long des côtes tunisiennes. Dans le présent travail on se propose d’étudier l’âge et la croissance sur la base de la distribution des fréquences de taille dans la région Nord de la Tunisie. La décomposition de ces fréquences de taille est réalisée suivant la méthode de Battacharya (1967). Deux périodes sont considérées, la première correspond à l’année 1998 et la seconde s’étale entre Novembre -1999 et Décembre -2000. Pour la première période, 6 classes d’âges ont pu être identifiées alors que pour la seconde cette valeur est de 7. Les équations de croissance linéaire annuelle suivant le modèle Von Bertalanffy (1938) ont été établies.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Trachurus mediterraneus; Age; Age composition; Frequency; Growth; Population structure; Size distribution; Horse mackerel fisheries; Age composition; Growth; Population structure; Age; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_29093; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3394; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6115; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_186.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4276
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Algunas características de la estructura y del comportamiento migratorio de los cardúmenes de caballa (Scomber japonicus marplatensis)en la plataforma bonaerense (Mar Argentino); período 1965-1984 OceanDocs
Cousseau, M.B.; Angelescu, V.A.; Perrotta, R.G..
Three periods were distinguished during the analyzed years: the first one (1965-1975)may be defined as "normal fishing seasons" occurring from October to March, with catches between 8,000 and 14,000 tons.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Size distribution; Reproduction; Sexual maturity; Feeding; Landing statistics; Migrations; Geographical distribution; Feeding; Geographical distribution; Reproduction; Sexual maturity; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2838; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5083; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6507; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7016.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2008
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Algunos aspectos de la biología pesquera del langostino (Pleoticus muelleri)de la Bahía Blanca y un análisis del desembarco comercial del período 1955-1979 OceanDocs
Bertuche, D.A.; Wyngaard, J.G..
This study was carried out in order to get somme knowledge on the characteristics of the fisheries of the shrimp Pleoticus muelleri in the area of Bahia Blanca during 1980-1981. Monthly samplings in the fishing area were performed, and the landing data from 1955 to 1979 were analized.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Size distribution; Growth curves; Length-weight relationships; Landing statistics; Yield; Shrimp culture.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2053
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Aspectos biológico-pesqueros de la merluza de cola del Atlántico Sudoccidental OceanDocs
Bezzi, S.I..
The distribution areas and population structure of the long-tailed hake are analized. Data come from fisheries research cruises carried out by RV Walther Herwig and Shinkai Maru in the Argentine Sea in 1978/79. Macruronus magellanicus is a typical cold waters species of the Southwest Atlantic and Southeast Pacific Oceans. Maximum concentrations were found in the southern Patagonian shelf, in coastal waters and in depths below 200 m. Spawning individuals were observed on the continental slope in the southern extreme of the Patagonian shelf (54°). The distribution area extend to 93,439 n mi² in spring and to 12,368 n mi² in summer.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Geographical distribution; Size distribution; Sexual maturity; Length-weight relationships; Hake fisheries; Geographical distribution; Sexual maturity; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5083; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7016.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2046
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Aspectos biológico-pesqueros del abadejo (Genypterus blacodes) OceanDocs
Renzi, M.A..
The kingklip is one of the species that has been traditionally exploited in the Argentine Sea. Although captures were not very important, they have been increased in the last years. In this paper, the structure of the concentration areas of summer, spring and winter distribution and other biological aspects were analyzed, on the basis of the data collected during cruises carried out by R/V"Walther Herwig" and R/V"Shinkai Maru" in Argentine waters during 1978/79. The trophic spectrum of the kingklip comprises mainly food species of the Classes Pisces and Crustacea as well as other complementary groups like Mollusca, Brachiopoda and haliacea.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Geographical distribution; Population structure; Size distribution; Feeding; Length-weight relationships; Food chains; Trophic relationships; Geographical distribution; Population structure; Feeding; Food chains; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5083; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6115; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2838; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3014.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2027
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Biometrie et Croissance des Jeunes Crevettes Trachypenaeus de la Guadeloupe (Antilles Francaises). ArchiMer
The principal biometric relations of juvenile Trachypenaeus similis similis and T. constrictus in Guadeloupe were calculated from 1976 to 1978. The examination of these relations yields few differences between the two species. A growth curve was established according to the sequences of modal values; these were determined according to weekly size frequency distributions over three different periods of time. In the zone studied, the growth of young Trachypenaeus is more rapid than that of the young Penaeus.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Trachypenaeus; Juveniles; Size distribution; Growth curves; Biometrics.
Ano: 1980 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1980/publication-1932.pdf
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Comparaison de methodes de decomposition de distribution polymodales de frequences de longueurs en distributions unimodales successives (NORMSEP-MIX-Maximums successive maximums), application aux "bossus" (Pseudolithus elongatus ) du Congo ArchiMer
Le Guen, J.c; Morizur, Yvon.
Length measurements on Pseudotolithus elongatus ' samples from the Congo were recorded in the 60s. Subsamples were collected in order to be "aged" by otoliths' reading. The size frequency distributions were splitted into successive unimodal distributions by different methods. Their results were compared. The results obtained from the "successive maximums' method" were similar to those from the "otoliths' reading." The programs NORMSEP and MIX gave results far more difficult to interpret biologically speaking in spite of their mathematical quality. Because many length frequency distributions of a cohort are symmetrical in nature, we suggest applying the "successive maximums' method"if there is no evidence of normality
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Frequency analysis; Size distribution; Pseudotolithus elongatus; Sciaenidae; Pisces.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1989/rapport-2336.pdf
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Composición por tallas y edades de las capturas comerciales de anchoíta bonaerense obtenidas entre 1990 y 2011 OceanDocs
Hansen, J.E.; Garciarena, A.D..
As part of the research programs performed yearly at the Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero (INIDEP, Mar del Plata, Argentina) some important basic data about the commercial fisheries usually included in internal reports are registered. This formal paper is a review and summary of size and age composition estimates of commercial catches (discards included) of Northern Argentine anchovy (34ºS-41ºS) obtained between 1990-2011. The basic data resulting from the examination of 521 samples from fishing vessels included 62,466 fish length measurements and 26,667 valid age readings from which the corresponding 22 annual age-length keys were built. The annual estimates of the individual total length-total weight relation parameters and of...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Pelagic fisheries; Stock assessment; Commercial fishing; Catch composition; Age composition; Size distribution; Clupeoid fisheries.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5502
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Diferencias entre parámetros vitales de las poblaciones bonaerense y patagónica de anchoíta argentina. OceanDocs
Hansen, J.E..
Two pelagic cruises were carried out by R/V"Cap.Oca Balda" in the spring of 1988 and the following summer. Anchovy samples were taken in order to increase the knowledge on the differences between two main stocks of the species, inhabiting the Argentine Sea from 35°S southwards, with distributional boundary situated at about 41°S. Length-weight relationships were statistically different among populations. Weight-at-length values calculated for the summer cruise were higher tha sprin estimates, and they were also higher within Northern individuals. The differences were not statistically significant between stocks, but there are reasons to believe that if ages 1 and 6 of both stocks had been represented those differences would have been increased. Mortality...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Length-weight relationships; Growth; Mortality; Size distribution; Growth; Mortality; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3394; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4945.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1933
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Dinámica y estructura poblacional del langostino colorado III y IV regiones. Informe Final, FIP n° 2005 -41 OceanDocs
Quiroz, J.C.; Montenegro, C.; Báez, P.; Espíndola, F..
Se reportan las actividades y resultados del proyecto FIP 2005-41 “Dinámica y estructura poblacional del langostino colorado III y IV Regiones”. Para abordar el estudio de la dinámica y estructura poblacional de P. monodon, se plantearon dos hipótesis. Una postula que la especie posee una estructura poblacional a lo largo de la plataforma continental, en un gradiente latitudinal, en tanto que la otra plantea que la especie tiene una estructura poblacional a través de la plataforma continental, en un gradiente longitudinal. Para someter a pruebas estas hipótesis se realizaron varios análisis estadísticos de variables fundamentales del stock, como la densidad, los tamaños corporales, las edades y componentes del stock en función de su madurez. Los...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Population dynamics; Population structure; Size distribution; Spawning populations; Statistical models; Marine crustaceans; Population structure; Population dynamics; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6115; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6111.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1505
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Distribución, áreas de concentración y estructura de la población del bacalao austral (Salilota australis, Gunther 1887)del Atlántico Sudoccidental OceanDocs
Perez Comas, J.A..
The "bacalao austral" is a typical fish from the cold water of the Southwest Atlantic and the Southeastern Pacific oceans, whose fishery has not yet developed. In this work, the structure of the concentration areas of summer and winter distribution and other biological items were analyzed, basing on data provening from R/V"Walther Herwig" and R/V"Shinkai Maru", which operated in these waters during 1978/79/. The trophic vertical migrations are common in this species.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Geographical distribution; Size distribution; Sexual maturity; Feeding; Food chains; Length-weight relationships; Population density; Ecological distribution; Vertical migrations; Cod fisheries; Geographical distribution; Feeding; Food chains; Sexual maturity; Population density; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5083; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2838; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3014; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7016; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6112.
Ano: 1980 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2060
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Distribución de los morfotipos gregaria y subrugosa de la langostilla Munida gregaria (Decapoda, Galatheidae) en el golfo San jorge en la campaña de verano AE-01/2011. Integración de resultados con las campañas 2009 y 2010 OceanDocs
De la Garza González, J.L.; Ravalli, C.; López Greco, L..
The objective of this work is to increase knowledge on the distribution and punctual density of both morphotypes of Munida gregaria in the San Jorge Gulf, Argentina. The data derived from the research cruise carried out on board of the FV Álvarez Entrena I in February 2011. Specimens of gregaria and subrugosa were caught in 37 and 73 of the 91 trawls performed, respectively. Out of the total of positive trawls, 17 were performed at depths lower than 55 m and the remaining 60 at deeper waters. The relative average abundance of both morphotypes increased significantly with regard to the two previous years (2009, 2010). M. gregaria subrugosa represented 66.4% and gregaria the remaining percentage. In the south sector of the gulf, where the highest punctual...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Biogeography; Abundance; Size distribution; Fishery surveys.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5487
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Distribución estacional y estructura de tallas del abadejo Genypterus blacodes en el Mar Argentino OceanDocs
Villarino, M.F..
The main purpose of this paper is to describe the seasonal distribution and length structure of the Pink cuskeel Genypterus blacodes. Data from surveys carried out between 1973-1989 were used. Basic data included Pink cuskeel densities per haul, catch length structure, depth and haul position. Pink cuskeel distribution was obtained by using the same density ranges for all seasons. A cluster analysis was applied to group the individual length structure of each survey catch. All year long the principal concentrations were within 40° and 48°S. Throughout the year the adults and juveniles were present in San Jorge Gulf, Patagonia, Argentina, so bimodal distribution were obtained. In winter juveniles were located within the sector 37° and 41°S. During autumn,...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Size distribution; Geographical distribution; Fishery surveys.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/5787
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Distribución y estructura de tallas de la palometa (parona signata, carangidae) y el pampanito (stromateus brasiliensis, stromateidae) en relación con las condiciones oceanográficas en la Zona Común de Pesca (34° s-38° s) y estimación de la longitud de primera madurez sexual. Julio de 2001 OceanDocs
Perrotta, R.G.; Guerrero, R.A.; Carozza, C.R.; Quiroga, P.; Macchi, G.J..
Samples were obtained using bottom trawl nets during a coastal research cruise carried out on board of the RFV “Dr. E. L. Holmberg” between 3rd. and 16th. July 2001. The spatial distribution of surface and bottom temperature and salinity fields was analyzed at the oceanographic stations sampled in each trawl position. The analysis allowed to characterize the oceanographic conditions of the area during the sampling period and to compare them to the historic seasonal mean. 669 leatherjack specimens of 9-55 cm total length (TL) caught at depths ranging 5-29 m and 1,372 butterfish individuals of 6-40 cm total length (TL) caught at depths ranging 4-29 m were sampled. Length at first sexual maturity for both sexes was also estimated. Results were: leatherjack:...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Marine fish; Environmental conditions; Size distribution; Coastal fisheries; Environmental conditions; Coastal fisheries; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_32980; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1696.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1567
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Distribución y estructura poblacional de la polaca (Micromesistius australis) OceanDocs
Perrotta, R.G..
The polaca (Micromesistius australis)is a typical fish from the cold Malvinas current (temperatures between 3° and 10°C). The species is found in depths between 90 and 800 m and in latitudes from 37°40' to 50° S during winter and spring and from 42°S to 55°S during summer time, over the patagonian shelf and Burdwood Bank. One part of the stock reaches the southern region of the Scotia Sea, the western South Georgias and eastern South Shetland Islands. The dominant food species are Euphausia spp. The polaca is mainly a carcinophagous fish and may be found in a 3-4 trophic level, being one of the main food sources for primary and secondary ichthyophagous fishes.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Size distribution; Spawning grounds; Feeding; Fish species; Feeding; Spawning grounds; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2838; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7277.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2049
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El dorado, Salminus maxillosus (Pisces, Characiformes)en el Río de la Plata y Río Uruguay inferior OceanDocs
Sverlij, S.B.; Espinach Ros, A..
Catch per unit effort (CPUE), lenght distribution, age, growth, reproduction, migrations and feeding were studies through samples collected with longlines and a gang of gill-nets of several mesh size. CPUE data showed a progressive decrease of the relative abundance in the Río de la Plata, during the study period. Age was studied from scales. Back-calculations of growth revealed the pressence of Lee's phenomenon. Means lenghts at age were greater in females. No significant difference was found in lenght-weight regressions from both sexes and sampling areas. Only young individuals from 1 to 6 years were caught. None of the fish studied had ripening gonads. Extensive migrations were recorded both in the Paraná and Uruguay rivers. Stomach contents analysis...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Migrations; Catch/effort; Sex ratio; Size distribution; Scale reading; Growth curves; Reproduction; Stomach content; Sex ratio; Reproduction; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7014; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6507.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2032
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