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Changes in Food, Alcohol and Cigarettes Consumption during Transition: Evidence from Russia AgEcon
Herzfeld, Thomas; Huffman, Sonya Kostova; Oskam, Arie J.; Rizov, Marian.
This paper examines the changes in nutritional behavior of Russian adults over the ten-year transition period, between 1994 and 2004. We present evidence on the impact of individual as well as regional characteristics on changes in fat, protein, alcohol and cigarette consumption, and on diversity of diet. The results from a dynamic empirical model suggest that among microeconomic determinants, initial levels of consumption, gender, holding a university degree, and having access to a garden plot have a significant impact on the changes in consumption behavior in Russia. Regarding the macroeconomic variables, economic growth has a significant impact on changes in fat and protein consumption and on alcohol use, while unemployment changes significantly impact...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumption; Smoking; Alcohol; Economic transition; Russia; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49941
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Changes in Food, Alcohol and Cigarettes Consumption during Transition: Evidence from Russia AgEcon
Herzfeld, Thomas; Huffman, Sonya Kostova; Oskam, Arie J.; Rizov, Marian.
This paper examines the changes in nutritional behavior of Russian adults over the ten-year transition period, between 1994 and 2004. We present evidence on the impact of individual as well as regional characteristics on changes in fat, protein, alcohol and cigarette consumption, and on diversity of diet. The results from a dynamic empirical model suggest that among microeconomic determinants, initial levels of consumption, gender, holding a university degree, and having access to a garden plot have a significant impact on the changes in consumption behavior in Russia. Regarding the macroeconomic variables, economic growth has a significant impact on changes in fat and protein consumption and on alcohol use, while unemployment changes significantly...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumption; Smoking; Alcohol; Economic transition; Russia; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49239
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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is underdiagnosed and undertreated in São Paulo (Brazil): results of the PLATINO study BJMBR
Nascimento,O.A.; Camelier,A.; Rosa,F.W.; Menezes,A.M.B.; Pérez-Padilla,R.; Jardim,J.R..
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common disease in adults over 40 years of age and has a great social and economic impact. It remains little recognized and undertreated even in developed countries. However, there are no data about its diagnosis and treatment in Brazil. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the proportion of COPD patients who had never been diagnosed and to determine if the COPD patients who had been identified were receiving appropriate treatment. The Latin American Project for the Investigation of Obstructive Lung Disease (PLATINO) was a randomized epidemiological study of adults over 40 years living in five metropolitan areas, including São Paulo. The studied sample was randomly selected from the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; Diagnosis; Treatment; Vaccination; Smoking; Latin American Project for the Investigation of Obstructive Lung Disease.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2007000700001
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Contribution of DNA repair xeroderma pigmentosum group D genotypes to pancreatic cancer risk in the Chinese Han population Genet. Mol. Biol.
Yan,Dong; Liang,Xiao-Hui; Ding,Wei; Xu,Xin-Jian; Wang,Xi-Yan.
Abstract This study aimed to determine the association between the polymorphisms and haplotypes in the xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD) gene and the risk of pancreatic cancer in the Chinese Han population. SNaPshot was used for genotyping six SNP sites of the XPD gene. Comparisons of the correlations between different genotypes in combination with smoking and the susceptibility to pancreatic cancer were performed. Individual pancreatic cancer risk in patients who carry mutant C alleles (AC, CC, and AC+CC) at rs13181 increased (p < 0.05). Taking non-smoking individuals who carry the AA genotype as a reference, and non-smoking individuals who carry mutant allele C (AC+CC), the risk of pancreatic cancer increased by 3.343 times in individuals who smoked...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Pancreatic neoplasm; Human xeroderma pigmentosum group D; Polymorphism; Smoking.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572018000100018
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Correlation between heart rate variability and pulmonary function adjusted by confounding factors in healthy adults BJMBR
Bianchim,M.S.; Sperandio,E.F.; Martinhão,G.S.; Matheus,A.C.; Lauria,V.T.; da Silva,R.P.; Spadari,R.C.; Gagliardi,A.R.T.; Arantes,R.L.; Romiti,M.; Dourado,V.Z..
The autonomic nervous system maintains homeostasis, which is the state of balance in the body. That balance can be determined simply and noninvasively by evaluating heart rate variability (HRV). However, independently of autonomic control of the heart, HRV can be influenced by other factors, such as respiratory parameters. Little is known about the relationship between HRV and spirometric indices. In this study, our objective was to determine whether HRV correlates with spirometric indices in adults without cardiopulmonary disease, considering the main confounders (e.g., smoking and physical inactivity). In a sample of 119 asymptomatic adults (age 20-80 years), we evaluated forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1). We...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Autonomic nervous system; Spirometry; Smoking.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2016000300702
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Do socioeconomic factors explain why maternal smoking during pregnancy is more frequent in a more developed city of Brazil? BJMBR
Ribeiro,V.S.; Figueiredo,F.P.; Silva,A.A.M.; Batista,R.L.F.; Barbieri,M.A.; Lamy Filho,F.; Alves,M.T.S.S.B.; Santos,A.M.; Bettiol,H..
The prevalence of smoking during pregnancy in Ribeirão Preto, a rich Brazilian city, was significantly higher (21.4%) than in São Luís (5.9%), a less developed city. To assess which variables explain the difference in prevalence of smoking during pregnancy, data from two birth cohorts were used, including 2846 puerperae from Ribeirão Preto, in 1994, and 2443 puerperae from São Luís, in 1997/98. In multivariable analysis, risk of maternal smoking during pregnancy was higher in São Luís for mothers living in a household with five or more persons (OR = 1.72, 95%CI = 1.12-2.64), aged 35 years or older (OR = 1.98, 95%CI = 0.99-3.96), who had five or more children (OR = 2.10, 95%CI = 1.16-3.81), and whose companion smoked (OR = 2.20, 95%CI = 1.52-3.18). Age of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Smoking; Pregnancy; Risk factors; Perinatal complications; Placenta previa.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2007000900007
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Does ethnic ancestry play a role in smoking? Anais da ABC (AABC)
SOUZA,ELISA S.T. DE; ARAÚJO,LUIZA F. DE; ALENCAR,DAYSE O. DE; SANTOS,SIDNEY E.B. DOS; SILVA Jr,WILSON A.; FERREIRA,CRISTIANE A.; BADDINI-MARTINEZ,JOSÉ.
The higher proportion of smokers among Black people in Brazil has been attributed to socioeconomic disparities, but genetic factors could also contribute for this finding. This study aimed at investigating associations between smoking status with genetically defined ethnic ancestry and socioeconomic features in Brazilians. Blood samples were collected from 448 volunteers (66.7% male; age: 37.1±11.4 years) classified as current smokers (CS: 60.9%), former smokers (FS: 8.9%) and never smokers (NS: 30.1%). Individual interethnic admixtures were determined using a 48 insertion-deletion polymorphisms ancestry-informative-marker panel. CS showed a lower amount of European ancestry than NS (0.837±0.243 X 0.883±0.194, p≤0.05) and FS (0.837±0.243 X 0.864±0.230,...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Smoking; Ethnicity and health; Genetics; CYP2A6.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652015000100447
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Education, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and IL-2 and IL-6 gene polymorphisms in the survival of head and neck cancer BJMBR
López,R.V.M.; Zago,M.A.; Eluf-Neto,J.; Curado,M.P.; Daudt,A.W.; da Silva-Junior,W.A.; Zanette,D.L.; Levi,J.E.; de Carvalho,M.B.; Kowalski,L.P.; Abrahão,M.; de Góis-Filho,J.F.; Boffetta,P.; Wünsch-Filho,V..
The association of education, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and interleukin-2 (IL-2 +114 and -384) and -6 (IL-6 -174) DNA polymorphisms with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) was investigated in a cohort study of 445 subjects. IL-2 and IL-6 genotypes were determined by real-time PCR. Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of disease-specific survival according to anatomical sites of the head and neck. Mean age was 56 years and most patients were males (87.6%). Subjects with 5 or more years of schooling had better survival in larynx cancer. Smoking had no effect on HNSCC survival, but alcohol consumption had a statistically significant effect on larynx cancer. IL-2 gene +114 G/T (HR =...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Smoking; Alcohol; Interleukin; Head and neck cancer; Cancer prognosis; Survival analysis.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2011001000005
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Effect of Cigarette Smoking on the Structure of Hepatocytes: TEM Study International Journal of Morphology
Battah,Khairat A; Badran,Darwish H; Shraideh,Ziad A.
The liver is one of the major organs that is indirectly affected by cigarette smoke. The aim of this project is to define the histologic and ultrastructural changes in normal liver cells after exposing animals to cigarette smoke. Thirty albino rats were exposed to cigarette smoke for 90 days, followed by morphologic examination of their livers under light microscope and electron microscope. The liver cells of cigarette smoke exposed rats showed mild swelling with increased eosinophilia. Ultrastructural examination of these cells demonstrated cytoplasm with highly proliferated and crowded mitochondria. There were many electron dense mitochondria. These mitochondria were pleomorphic in shape compared to mitochondrias of control rats. Also, loss of...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Liver; Smoking; Mitochondria; Ultrastructure.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022016000400011
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Effect of smoking habits on sleep BJMBR
Conway,S.G.; Roizenblatt,S.S.; Palombini,L.; Castro,L.S.; Bittencourt,L.R.A.; Silva,R.S.; Tufik,S..
To evaluate the effect of smoking habits on sleep, data from 1492 adults referred to the Sleep Institute were accessed and divided into 3 categories of smoking status: current, former and non-smokers. Categories of pack-years (<15 and ≥15) defined smoking severity. The association of smoking status and smoking severity with sleep was analyzed for sleep parameters, especially apnea and hypopnea index (AHI) ≥5, more than 5% of total sleep time (TST) spent with oxyhemoglobin saturation (SaO2) <90%, and arousal index. The arousal index was higher among current (21 ± 17) and former smokers (20 ± 17) than non-smokers (17 ± 15; P < 0.04). Former smokers had a higher percent of TST at SaO2 <90% than non-smokers (9 ± 18 vs 6 ± 13; P < 0.04). Former...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Smoking; Tobacco; Smoking cessation; Sleep; Sleep-disordered breathing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2008000800014
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Effects of the smoking process on odour characteristics of smoked herring (Clupea harengus) and relationships with phenolic compound content ArchiMer
Cardinal, Mireille; Cornet, Josiane; Serot, Thierry; Baron, Regis.
The relationship between smoking parameters and odour characteristics, evaluated by a trained sensory panel.. were studied on smoked herring. In addition, a possible correlation between the content of 10 phenolic compounds and sensory perceptions was investigated. Five smoking techniques were applied, combining smoke production conditions, performed by pyrolysis of beech wood sawdust or by friction of beech wood log, with smoke deposition, either in a controlled kiln (traditional smoking) or by an electrostatic process. In the fifth smoking technique, a purified condensate of beech smokes was vaporised on fish fillets in the smokehouse. The time of smoking was 3 It for traditional smoking and the liquid smoke atomisation process and 12 min for the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Odour characteristics; Sensory evaluation; Phenolic compounds; Smoking; Herring.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-827.pdf
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Estrogen receptor 1 gene polymorphisms in premenopausal women: interaction between genotype and smoking on lipid levels BJMBR
Almeida,S.; Hutz,M.H..
Estrogen has multiple effects on lipid and lipoprotein metabolism. We investigated the association between the four common single nucleotide polymorphisms in the estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) gene locus, -1989T>G, +261G>C, IVS1-397T>C and IVS1-351A>G, and lipid and lipoprotein levels in southern Brazilians. The sample consisted in 150 men and 187 premenopausal women. The women were considered premenopausal if they had regular menstrual bleeding within the previous 3 months and were 18-50 years of age. Exclusion criteria were pregnancy, secondary hyperlipidemia due to renal, hepatic or thyroid disease, and diabetes. Smoking status was self-reported; subjects were classified as never smoked and current smokers. DNA was amplified by PCR and was...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Estrogen; Estrogen receptor 1 variants; Lipid levels; Smoking.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2008001000007
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Fumage électrostatique : Application aux produits de la mer ArchiMer
Knockaert, Camille.
The purpose of the study presented in this report is to demonstrate the feasibility of electrostatic smoking applied to fish and to present a pilot which will foreshadow an industrial model. If the idea of using high voltage to accelerate the depositing of smoke compounds goes back to the 1920's, its application to sea produce has still not become common practice. The essential reason for this comes from the fact that reducing smoking time restricts drying time by as much. A new salting/drying technique - Oewatering Impregnation Soaking (DIS) - means, that products with a requisite salt and water content can be smoked. Electrostatic smoking therefore allows processing time to be cut by more than twelve compared to the traditional method (herring and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fumage électrostatique; Pilote électrostatique; Smoking; Electrostatic pilot.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00004/11563/8154.pdf
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Hábitos e comportamentos tabágicos dos professores do Instituto Politécnico de Bragança IPB - Escola Superior Agrária
Pires, Tânia; Ribeiro, Maria Isabel; Fernandes, António.
Os objectivos deste estudo envolvem a determinação da prevalência do tabagismo numa amostra de docentes do ensino superior público do distrito de Bragança, o conhecimento dos seus hábitos e comportamentos e a identificação dos factores associados ao consumo do tabaco. A prevalência do consumo de tabaco registada foi de 15,1%. As razões que levam ao consumo do tabaco são, entre outras, ter irmãos fumadores, ter um parceiro que fuma, conviver com familiares fumadores, combater o stresse e obter prazer. O inquirido tem consciência que fumar pode prejudicar outras pessoas e fazer mal à saúde, contudo não abdica deste hábito.Los objetivos principales de este estudio cuantitativo envuelven la determinación de la frecuencia humeante en una muestra de profesores...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Tabaco; Epidemiologia; Prevalência; Smoking; Epidemiology; Prevalence.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10198/2640
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Hazardous Agrochemicals, Smoking, and Farmers’ Differences in Wage-Risk Tradeoffs AgEcon
Nastis, Stefanos A.; Michailidis, Anastasios.
This paper utilizes the theory of compensating differentials for job risks from the labor economics literature to evaluate farmers’ differences in wage-risk tradeoffs. In the context of job risks, the theory predicts that farmers who place a lower value on health status are willing to work for lower compensation on a risky job. The aim of the paper is to evaluate how the observed wage-risk tradeoff is affected by individual heterogeneity in risk preferences, by acknowledging variations in farmers’ revealed attitudes toward risk, both in job-related and non-job activities. The job risk measure employed is self-reported job risk of low back pain, the most recurring health risk faced by farmers. The job-related risky activity is the application of hazardous...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agrochemicals; Smoking; Farming job risk; Compensating differentials; Risk preferences; Health impairment; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Health Economics and Policy; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109389
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Is generalization of exhaled CO assessment in primary care helpful for early diagnosis of COPD? ArchiMer
Molinari, Nicolas; Abou-badra, Mathieu; Marin, Gregory; Ky, Chin-long; Amador, Noemi; Gamez, Anne Sophie; Vachier, Isabelle; Bourdin, Arnaud.
Background: COPD is largely under-diagnosed and once diagnosed usually at a late stage. Early diagnosis is thoroughly recommended but most attempts failed as the disease is marginally known and screening marginally accepted. It is a rare cause of concern in primary care and spirometry is not very common. Exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO) is a 5-seconds easy-to-use device dedicated to monitor cigarette smoke consumption. We aimed to assess whether systematic eCO measurement in primary care is a useful tool to improve acceptance for early COPD diagnosis. Methods: This was a two-center randomized controlled trial enrolling 410 patients between March and May, 2013. Whatever was the reason of attendance to the clinic, all adults were proposed to measure eCO during...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: COPD; Screening; Exhaled CO; Smoking; Behaviour.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00270/38142/36280.pdf
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Lack of an association between SNPs within the cholinergic receptor genes and smoking behavior in a Czech post-MONICA study Genet. Mol. Biol.
Hubacek,Jaroslav A.; Lanska,Vera; Adamkova,Vera.
Smoking has a significant heritable component of approximately 30-60%. Recent genome wide association studies have identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the nicotinic cholinergic receptor subunits 3 (rs578776), 5 (rs16969968) and β3 (rs6474412), which are associated with nicotine dependence in Western European populations. To analyze the association in a Czech population, we genotyped 1,191 males and 1,368 females (post-MONICA study). The WHO protocol was used to examine smoking status and the number of cigarettes smoked per day. There were 32.1% current and 27.6% past smokers among the males and 22.5% current and 13.8% past smokers among the females. We have not confirmed the original results: the SNPs rs16969968 (p = 0.07), rs578776 (p...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Cholinergic receptors; Polymorphism; Smoking.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1415-47572014000500004
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Le fumage du poisson de la théorie à la pratique ArchiMer
Knockaert, Camille.
This document intends to initiate in the sea products smoking any people wishing to set up a factory as well as to recall sorne basic rules. First a study of the manufacturing methods aims at making the reader aware of the care to be taken at each step. After the theoretical interest , practical aspects and examples are given. The processing times and the outputs vary accor ding to equipments, handling and raw material. The last part is a guide to any processing plant study . The examples given are relevant to existing equipments in France and overseas. Their output depends on various factors . Advice is given about hygiene together with possible interpretation of product analysis.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fumage; Fabrication; Atelier; Hygiène; Produits de la mer; Smoking; Manufacturing methods; Smoking-plant; Hygiène; Sea products.
Ano: 1986 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00480/59216/61919.pdf
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LOW INCOME AND POOR HEALTH CHOICES: THE EXAMPLE OF SMOKING AgEcon
Binkley, James K..
People with low incomes tend to make less healthy consumption choices than do high income people. In the case of food, agricultural economists have investigated whether this is due to the cost of a healthy diet. Studies of various aspects of the nutrition-income nexus have generally been inconclusive. We investigate a different possibility, motivated by the fact that low income individuals are most likely to be smokers, which cannot be due to limited budgets. Drawing on a body of related literature, we develop a model in which income serves not only as a budget constraint but also as a source of future utility. We test the model by estimating logistic models of beginning and quitting smoking. We find support for the idea that low income consumers make less...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Income; Food Choice; Smoking; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; D12; I12; I18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58419
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MFG-E8, a clearance glycoprotein of apoptotic cells, as a new marker of disease severity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease BJMBR
Zhang,S.; Xie,J.G.; Su,B.T.; Li,J.L.; Hu,N.; Chen,J.; Luo,G.W.; Cui,T.P..
Milk fat globule epidermal growth factor 8 (MFG-E8) is an opsonin involved in the phagocytosis of apoptotic cells. In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), apoptotic cell clearance is defective. However, whether aberrant MFG-E8 expression is involved in this defect is unknown. In this study, we examined the expression of MFG-E8 in COPD patients. MFG-E8, interleukin (IL)-1β and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β levels were measured in the plasma of 96 COPD patients (93 males, 3 females; age range: 62.12±10.39) and 87 age-matched healthy controls (85 males, 2 females; age range: 64.81±10.11 years) using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Compared with controls, COPD patients had a significantly lower plasma MFG-E8 levels (P<0.01)...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Apoptosis; COPD; MFG-E8; Phagocytosis; Smoking.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2015001101032
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