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CAPITAL SOCIAL COMO FATOR DE DESENVOLVIMENTO LOCAL AgEcon
Mendonca, Kamila Vieira; Pinheiro, Jose Cesar.
O presente estudo verificou e avaliou o grau de acumulação de capital social como fator de desenvolvimento local, do assentamento Che Guevara, localizado no município de Ocara, no Estado do Ceará. O índice de capital social (ICS) foi calculado com base nas respostas de um questionário elaborado com variáveis mensuráveis e que refletem o estoque de capital social. A comunidade dispõe de um grau mediano de capital social.-------------This study verified and evaluated the degree of accumulation of capital as a factor of local development, of the settlement Che Guevara, located in the municipality of Ocara, in the state of Ceará. The index of social capital (ICS) has been based on responses from a questionnaire was prepared with variables they consider aspects...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Capital Social; Desenvolvimento Local; Assentamento; Social Capital; Local Development; Settlement; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Financial Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108083
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Collective Action Initiatives to Improve Marketing Performance: Lessons from Farmer Groups in Tanzania AgEcon
Barham, James; Chitemi, Clarence.
The primary inquiry of this study is to identify and understand the underlying factors that enable smallholder farmer groups to improve their market situation. The specific objective of this paper is to examine to what extent certain group characteristics and asset endowments facilitate collective action initiatives to improve group marketing performance. This objective is approached through an evaluation of a government-led program in Tanzania, which is attempting to increase smallholder farmers’ incomes and food security through a market-oriented intervention. Findings suggest that more mature groups with strong internal institutions, functioning group activities, and a good asset base of natural capital are more likely to improve their market situation....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Collective Action; Agricultural Marketing; Farmer Groups; Social Capital; Planned Change Initiatives; Tanzania; Marketing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44347
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El papel del capital social en la activación y consolidación de los sistemas agroalimentarios localizados. El caso de las indicaciones geográficas AgEcon
Mancebo Azor, S..
The establishment of Geographical Indications (GI) can be considered like an instrument, that from initiative of public policies of rural development, can have application for the protection of territorial agri-food productions that present tipicity. In the case of being Local Agri-food Systems (LAFS) with a little level of productive organization, the GI Regulatory Board can be considered like a key local institution, from which programs directed to the structuring of the sector are undertaken, affecting the professionalization and building social capital between the agents who compose the LAFS. In this case the Regulatory Board will assume a determining role in the transmission of knowledge and innovations in the LAFS.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: LAFS; Social Capital; Geographical Indications (GI).; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95218
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Environmental Participation and Environmental Motivation AgEcon
Torgler, Benno; Garcia-Valinas, Maria A.; Macintyre, Alison.
We explore whether environmental motivation affects environmental behavior by focusing on volunteering. The paper first introduces a theoretical model of volunteering in environmental organizations. In a next step, it tests the hypothesis working with a large micro data set covering 32 countries from both Western and Eastern Europe using several different proxies to measure environmental motivation. Our results indicate that environmental motivation has a strong impact on individuals’ voluntary engagement in environmental organizations. A higher level of environmental motivation due to higher environmental moral standards may lead to a stronger voluntary involvement in environmental organizations.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Participation; Environmental Motivation; Environmental Morale; Pro-environmental Attitudes; Social Capital; Environmental Economics and Policy; D11; H41; H26; H73; D64.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46652
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ESTUDO SÓCIO-ECONÔMICO SOBRE AGRICULTORES FAMILIARES PRODUTORES DE QUEIJO-DE-COALHO DAS COMUNIDADES DO JUNCO, TIASOL E TAPERA, NO MUNICÍPIO DE TAUÁ-CE AgEcon
Araujo, Joao Cavalcante; Mattos, Adriano Lincoln Albuquerque; Paiva, Francisco De Assis; Sousa, Jose Rodrigues; Pimentel, Jose Machado.
A produção de leite e seus derivados na Região do Inhamuns tem elevada importância economica e social para as propriedades do segmento da Agricultura Familiar. O sabor diferenciado do queijo da região, abre possibilidades de tornar-se um produto de alto valor agregado por uma certificação de origem, contudo requer um esforço concentrado da pesquisa, treinamento e capacitação de produtores para corrigir as distorções que se verificam nos sistemas de produção e de processamento, em virtude de práticas inadequadas tanto no manejo dos rebanhos, quanto nas fases de processamento e acondicionamento do produto. Devido a importância da produção do queijo-de-colho para esse território, este estudo busca conhecer a dinâmica desse segmento que vem a constituir um...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultura Familiar; Desenvolvimento Local; Capital Social; Queijo-de-coalho; Family Agriculture; Local Development; Social Capital; Cheese-de-rennet; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109232
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IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP FOR THE PERFORMANCE OF THE POULTRY SECDTOR IN ARGENTINA AgEcon
Senesi, Sebastian; Vilella, Fernando; Palau, Hernan.
The Argentine “industrial aviculture” started by 1960. The great development of the poultry sector was during the 1990s as a consequence of the direct price transfer due to technological and organizational improvements achieved in the sector. The objective of this paper is to identify how leadership and entrepreneurship have been important elements in the development of the Argentine poultry sector. The poultry sector is one of the faster development in Argentina and one that offers higher quality. This was achieved only because of great coordination due to leadership and entrepreneurship both at micro and macro level.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Coordination; Innovations; Social Capital; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108584
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Job Instability and Family Planning: Insights from the Italian Puzzle AgEcon
Sabatini, Fabio.
This paper carries out an investigation into the socio-economic determinants of couples’ childbearing decisions in Italy. Since having children is in most cases a “couple matter”, the analysis accounts for the characteristics of both the possible parents. Our results do not support established theoretical predictions according to which the increase in the opportunity cost of motherhood connected to higher female labour participation is responsible for the fall in fertility. On the contrary, the instability of the women’s work status (i.e. their being occasional, precarious, and low-paid workers) reveals to be a significant dissuasive deterrent discouraging the decision to have children. Couples with unemployed women are less likely to plan childbearing as...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Fertility; Family Planning; Parenthood; Childbearing; Participation; Job Instability; Labour Precariousness; Social Capital; Italy; Labor and Human Capital; C25; J13; Z1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92835
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O Programa de Segurança Alimentar “Direto no Campo” do Município de Araraquara-SP: um Instrumento de Desenvolvimento Local AgEcon
Kuranaga, Alcir Antonio; Ferrante, Vera Botta; Almeida, Luiz Manoel de Moraes Camargo; Bergamasco, Sonia Maria Pessoa Pereia.
O trabalho apresenta um caso concreto de formação de uma rede de capital social em torno da temática da segurança alimentar local. Toma como princípio que a segurança alimentar deve ser tratada de maneira ampla, de forma a abarcar não somente as condições de saúde das pessoas, de higiene dos alimentos e da autenticidade da produção, mas também a melhora das condições de renda e emprego de pequenos agricultores. Este trabalho mostra que num município paulista desenvolve-se um programa de segurança alimentar nessa amplitude, com a comercialização de produtos agrícolas em varejões populares distribuídos em pontos comerciais estratégicos. Este caso, ocorrido no centro da produção canavieira e do cinturão citrícola paulista mostra como mecanismos institucionais...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultura Familiar; Políticas Públicas; Segurança Alimentar; Varejões Populares; Capital Social; Agrarian Familiar Activities; Publics Political; Security Food; Popular Fair; Social Capital; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103105
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Relationship between Social Capital and Livelihood Enhancing Capitals among Smallholder Farmers in Uganda AgEcon
Abenakyo, Annet; Sanginga, Pascal; Njuki, Jemimah M.; Kaaria, Susan; Delve, Robert J..
Social capital is an important characteristic of a community and is one of the components of the asset pentagon of the sustainable livelihood framework. The study aimed at assessing the levels and dimensions of social capital and how social capital influences other livelihood capitals. A Cross-sectional survey of a random sample of 208 households was conducted in Masindi and Hoima Districts in Uganda to assess the current livelihood conditions and strategies for improving rural livelihoods. An Index of social capital was generated using density of group membership and three levels of social capital where generated i.e. high, medium and low. Two dimensions of social capital (bonding and bridging) were considered. Results showed that households with high...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Relationship; Social Capital; Livelihood Capitals; Smallholder Farmers; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52191
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Social Capital and Political Accountability AgEcon
Nannicini, Tommaso; Stella, Andrea; Tabellini, Guido; Troiano, Ugo.
Replaced with revised version of paper 02/05/12.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Social Capital; Culture; Political Agency; Labor and Human Capital; D72; D73; Z10.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90944
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The Decision to Migrate and Social Capital: Evidence from Albania AgEcon
Cattaneo, Cristina.
The objective of this paper is to determine whether the participation in social organizations, which are commonly defined as a form of social capital, represents a complement or a substitute with respect to emigration. The nature of the relationship depends on the motivations behind the two choices, which induce the households to join a group and to invest in migration. To address this research question a bivariate probit model is employed, in that the decision to migrate and to join a social organization are estimated simultaneously. Both temporary and permanent emigration of the household are addressed. The results of the empirical estimation reveal that families participating in social organizations are more likely to send siblings abroad permanently,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Migration; Social Capital; Information Network; Labor and Human Capital; O15.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55290
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The Fragility of Social Capital AgEcon
Antoci, Angelo; Sabatini, Fabio; Sodini, Mauro.
This paper addresses two hot topics of the contemporary debate, social capital and economic growth. Our theoretical analysis sheds light on decisive but so far neglected issues: how does social capital accumulate over time? Which is the relationship between social capital, technical progress and economic growth in the long run? The analysis shows that the economy may be attracted by alternative steady states, depending on the initial social capital endowments and cultural exogenous parameters representing the relevance of social interaction and trust in well-being and production. When material consumption and relational goods are substitutable, the choice to devote more and more time to private activities may lead the economy to a “social poverty trap”,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Economic Growth; Technical Progress; Social Interactions; Social Capital; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; A13; D03; O43; Z13.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50401
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The Solaria Syndrome: Social Capital in a Growing Hyper-technological Economy AgEcon
Antoci, Angelo; Sabatini, Fabio; Sodini, Mauro.
We develop a dynamic model to analyze the sources and the evolution of social participation and social capital in a growing economy characterized by exogenous technical progress. Starting from the assumption that the well-being of agents basically depends on material and relational goods, we show that the best-case scenarios hold when technology and social capital both support just one of the two productions at the expenses of the other. However, trajectories are possible where technology and social interaction balance one another in fostering the growth of both the social and the private sector of the economy. Along such tracks, technology may play a crucial role in supporting a “socially sustainable” economic growth.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Technology; Economic Growth; Relational Goods; Social Participation; Social Capital; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; O33; J22; O41; Z13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93415
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Trust and Control Dynamics in Agrifood Supply Networks: Communication Strategies for Electronic Transaction Environments AgEcon
Fritz, Melanie; Hausen, Tobias.
Agrifood supply networks are dynamic structures where firms regularly face the need to search for new market partners. A decision for a transaction with a new partner requires the existence of appropriate control and safeguard mechanisms as well as trust to overcome perceived risk and uncertainties. Electronic transaction environments offer new potentials for the identification of new transaction partners. However, trust and control need to be communicated appropriately in electronic transaction environments for agrifood supply network scenarios. Problems for appropriate communication are posed by the complex interrelation between trust and control in transaction processes and their dynamically changing importance in a transaction relation. This paper...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Markets Marketing; Marketing; Technological Change; Social Norms; Social Capital; E-Commerce; Industrial Organization; Marketing; Q13; O3; Z13; L81.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25509
Registros recuperados: 14
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