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Registros recuperados: 6
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Integrating Ecological and Social Ranges of Variability in Conservation of Biodiversity: Past, Present, and Future Ecology and Society
Duncan, Sally L.; Institute for Natural Resources, Oregon State University; Sally.Duncan@oregonstate.edu; McComb, Brenda C; University of Masschusetts-Amherst; brenda.mccomb@oregonstate.edu; Johnson, K. Norman; College of Forestry, Oregon State University; norm.johnson@oregonstate.edu.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Forests; Future range of variability; Historical range of variability; Social acceptability; Social range of variability.
Ano: 2010
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La compensation au service de l’acceptabilité sociale : un état de l’art des apports empiriques et du débat scientifique. Réflexions au service du développement de l’énergie éolienne en mer ArchiMer
Kermagoret, Charlene; Levrel, Harold; Carlier, Antoine.
The Energy Transition involves governance issues which need to be overcome to ensure its success. In Europe, the policies that accompany this energy transition have fixed very short term goals such as the diversification and the development of renewable energy sources by 2020. The benefits of developing these technologies for limiting greenhouse gases emissions is widely accepted at European and national level and is frequently invoked by the State for legitimizing the current projects. However, many projects declared of public interest by the State lead to conflicts, at the territorial level, between the objective of economic development, and those of biodiversity conservation and of social interests protection. In this context, the compensation is often...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Principe de compensation; Restauration écologique; Indemnisation financière; Acceptabilité sociale; Énergies renouvelables; Transition énergétique; Compensation principle; Ecological restoration; Financial indemnity; Social acceptability; Renewable energy; Energetic transition.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00313/42431/41774.pdf
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Of sets of offsets: Cumulative impacts and strategies for compensatory restoration ArchiMer
Thebaud, Olivier; Boschetti, Fabio; Jennings, Sarah; Smith, Anthony D.m.; Pascoe, Sean.
Biodiversity offsets are increasingly advocated as a flexible approach to managing the ecological costs of economic development. Arguably, however, this remains an area where policy-making has run ahead of science. A growing number of studies identify limitations of offsets in achieving ecologically sustainable outcomes, pointing to ethical and implementation issues that may undermine their effectiveness. We develop a novel system dynamic modelling framework to analyze the no net loss objective of development and biodiversity offsets. The modelling framework considers a marine-based example, where resource abundance depends on a habitat that is affected by a sequence of development projects, and biodiversity offsets are understood as habitat restoration...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biodiversity offsets; Compensatory restoration; Cumulative impacts; Habitat-resource interactions; Bio-economic modelling; Social acceptability.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00270/38156/36312.pdf
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Public Participation and Institutional Fit: A Social–Psychological Perspective Ecology and Society
DeCaro, Daniel A.; Vincent and Elinor Ostrom Workshop in Political Theory & Policy Analysis, Indiana University; Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville; Center for Land Use and Environmental Responsibility, University of Louisville; decaro.daniel@gmail.com; Stokes, Michael K.; Western Kentucky University; Micheal.Stokes@wku.edu.
Public participation plays a role in the development and long-term maintenance of environmental institutions that are well-matched to local social–ecological conditions. However, the means by which public participation impacts such institutional fit remains unclear. We argue that one major reason for this lack of clarity is that analysts have not clearly outlined how humankind’s sense of agency, or self-determination, influences institutional outcomes. Moreover, the concept of institutional fit is ambiguous as to what constitutes a good fit and how such fit could be diagnosed or improved. This is especially true for “social fit,” or how well institutions match human expectations and local behavioral patterns. We...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Autonomy-support; Environmental management; Institutional fit; Procedural justice; Psychology; Public participation; Self-determination; Social acceptability; Social– Ecological systems; Sustainable development.
Ano: 2013
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Range of Variability in Southern Coastal Plain Forests: Its Historical, Contemporary, and Future Role in Sustaining Biodiversity Ecology and Society
Mitchell, Robert J.; Jones Ecological Research Center; Robert.Mitchell@jonesctr.org; Duncan, Sally L.; Oregon State University; Sally.Duncan@oregonstate.edu.
Historical range of variation (HRV) has been used as a conceptual tool to determine appropriate management actions to sustain or restore diversity of ecological systems. This concept has come into question for both biological and social considerations, and the southeastern United States is a good model system to test its utility. Southeastern Coastal Plain upland pine savannas and woodlands and their associated wetlands are among the most diverse communities in temperate North America, having both high levels of species richness and large numbers of endemic flora and fauna. However, this diversity is intimately linked with disturbance regimes. Maintaining frequent fire, varied in season based on changing management objectives through time, is the most...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Disturbances; Fire regimes; Historical social and future ranges of variability; Legacies; Rareness; Social acceptability; Species richness.
Ano: 2009
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Retour sur deux projets de développement en aquaculture outre-mer : leçons pour l’avenir ArchiMer
Lacroix, Denis.
Lessons for the future from two development projects in aquaculture in the French overseas territories. Numerous research and development projects have been launched since the seventies in the French overseas territories. Their aim was to foster new activities in agriculture based on local productions for local markets, notably in the French West Indies (FWI). In this paper we analyze two development projects on the rearing of giant freshwater prawn, one in the FWI and the other in French Guyana, over twenty years after their launching. The purpose of these compared studies is twofold: first to try to understand why a set of relevant technical innovations ended in failure 15 years later; second to identify recommendations in terms of methodology in order...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Développement durable; Gouvernance; Aquaculture; Innovation; Acceptabilité sociale; Sustainable development; Governance; Aquaculture; Innovation; Social acceptability.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00187/29784/28242.pdf
Registros recuperados: 6
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