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Registros recuperados: 10
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Assessing the impact of land-cover changes on ecosystem services: A first step toward integrative planning in Bordeaux, France ArchiMer
Cabral, Pedro; Feger, Clement; Levrel, Harold; Chambolle, Melodie; Basque, Damien.
The quantification and integration of ecosystem services (ES) into urban planning decisions is becoming increasingly important. However, studies that quantify and analyze the impacts in terms of ES changes are still scarce. We analyzed multiple ES provided by the landscape of the Urban Community of Bordeaux (CUB), in France, between 1990 and 2006 as a result of land use and cover change (LUCC) with Corine Land Cover and other open data. These ES were selected with the help of local stakeholders and were calculated using a spatially explicit modeling approach with InVEST and own-produced models. It was found that all ES, except erosion regulation, have decreased as a consequence of LUCC. Results also suggest that LUCC change decisions which do not consider...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Landscape services; Geographical information systems; Spatial planning; Land use and cover change; Corine land cover; Natural capital project.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00347/45847/45919.pdf
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Conservation of marine habitats under multiple human uses. Methods, objectives and constraints to optimize a Marine Protected Areas network in the eastern English Channel ArchiMer
Delavenne, Juliette.
The eastern English Channel is a significant economic area that supports a number of human-based activities, such as tourism and recreational activities, international ports and shipping, and the extraction of both living and mineral resources. In addition, the region supports a number of important marine biological features and large habitat diversity. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are increasingly used as a management tool to foster a sustainable exploitation of marine resources in an ecosystem based management framework. All European countries have a legal obligation to develop MPA networks in their national waters. However, there has to date been only limited attempts to coordinate the design and positioning of such networks at an international level...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Manche orientale; Aires Marines Protégées; Planification spatiale; Biodiversité; Marxan; Typologie d’habitat; Cibles de conservation; Usages anthropiques; Eastern English Channel; MPA; Spatial planning; Biodiversity; Marxan; Habitat typology; Conservation targets; Human uses.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00135/24651/22684.pdf
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Distributional effects of flood risk management—a cross-country comparison of preflood compensation Ecology and Society
van Doorn-Hoekveld, Willemijn J.; Utrecht Centre for Water, Oceans and Sustainability Law, Utrecht University School of Law, The Netherlands; w.j.hoekveld@uu.nl; Suykens, Cathy; KU Leuven, Belgium; cathy.suykens@kuleuven.be; Homewood, Stephen; Flood Hazard Research Centre, Middlesex University London, England; stephenhomewood@yahoo.co.uk; Chmielewski, Piotr J.; Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland; piotr.chmielewski1990@gmail.com; Matczak, Piotr; Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland; Institute of Sociology, Adam Mickiewicz University; matczak@amu.edu.pl; van Rijswick, Helena F.M.W; Utrecht Centre for Water, Oceans and Sustainability Law, Utrecht University School of Law, The Netherlands; H.vanRijswick@uu.nl.
We seek to examine the manner in which either the EU member states of France, the Netherlands, Poland, and Sweden or parts of them, such as the country of England in the UK or the Flemish Region in Belgium, deal with the distributional effects of the flood risk management strategies prevention, defense, and mitigation. Measures carried out in each of these strategies can cause preflood harm, as in the devaluation of property or loss of income. However, different member states and authorities address this harm in different ways. A descriptive overview of the different compensation regimes in the field of flood risk management is followed by an analysis of these differences and an explanation of what may cause them, such as the geographical differences that...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Defense; é Galité Devant les charges publiques; Equity; Flood risk management; Legitimacy; Loss; No-fault liability; Preflood compensation; Prevention; Protection of property rights; Solidarity; Spatial planning.
Ano: 2016
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How do demersal fishing fleets interact with aggregate extraction in a congested sea? ArchiMer
Marchal, Paul; Desprez, Michel; Vermard, Youen; Tidd, Alex.
The effects of the aggregate extraction intensity and the distance to extraction sites on the distribution of fishing effort were investigated for a broad selection of French and English demersal fleets operating in the Eastern English Channel. The most prominent result was that most fleets fishing near to aggregate extraction sites were not deterred by extraction activities. The fishing effort of dredgers and potters could be greater adjacent to marine aggregates sites than elsewhere, and also positively correlated to extraction intensity with a lag of 0–9 months. The distribution of fishing effort of French netters remained consistent over the study period. However, it is of note that the fishing effort of netters has increased substantially in the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Spatial management; Spatial planning; Demersal fisheries; Aggregate extraction; Eastern English Channel.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00206/31763/30651.pdf
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Importance of coastal Marine Protected Areas for the conservation of pelagic seabirds: The case of Vulnerable yelkouan shearwaters in the Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Peron, Clara; Gremillet, David; Prudor, Aurelien; Pettex, Emeline; Saraux, Claire; Soriano-redondo, Andrea; Authier, Matthieu; Fort, Jerome.
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are being established across all marine regions but their validity for the conservation of highly mobile marine vertebrates has been questioned. We tested the hypothesis that French coastal MPAs primarily designed for coastal and benthic biota are also beneficial for the conservation of a pelagic seabird, the Vulnerable yelkouan shearwater (Puffinus yelkouan), an endemic species to the Mediterranean Sea. We used a vast spectrum of electronic devices (GPS, temperature-depth-recorders, satellite transmitters and geolocators) and stable isotopic analyses to study the year-round movements and the trophic status of yelkouan shearwaters from the Hyères archipelago (France). In addition we conducted large-scale ship and aircrafts...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aerial surveys; At-sea observations; Biotelemetry; Conservation biogeography; Spatial planning; Stable isotope analysis.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00163/27460/26393.pdf
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Interactive Land-Use Planning in Indonesian Rain-Forest Landscapes: Reconnecting Plans to Practice Ecology and Society
Wollenberg, Eva; University of Vermont; lini.wollenberg@uvm.edu; Campbell, Bruce; Center for International Forestry Research; bruce.campbell@cdu.edu.au; Dounias, Edmond; CIFOR; e.dounias@cgiar.org; Gunarso, Petrus; Tropenbos; tropenbos@telkom.net; Moeliono, Moira; Center for International Forestry Research; m.moeliono@cgiar.org; Sheil, Douglas; Institute of Tropical Forest Conservation; douglassheil@itfc.org.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Land- use planning; Adaptive management; Borneo; Decentralization; Local knowledge; Spatial planning; Systems frameworks.
Ano: 2009
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Operationalizing ecosystem-based adaptation: harnessing ecosystem services to buffer communities against climate change Ecology and Society
Wamsler, Christine; Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS); Centre for Societal Resilience; christine.wamsler@lucsus.lu.se; Niven, Lisa; Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS); lisa.niven@gmail.com; Beery, Thomas H.; Kristianstad University; thomas.beery@hkr.se; Bramryd, Torleif; Environmental Strategy, Lund University Campus Helsingborg; torleif.bramryd@ism.lu.se; Osmani, Adelina; Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS); adelinaosmani@hotmail.com; Palo, Thomas; Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU); thomas.r.palo@slu.se.
Ecosystem-based approaches for climate change adaptation are promoted at international, national, and local levels by both scholars and practitioners. However, local planning practices that support these approaches are scattered, and measures are neither systematically implemented nor comprehensively reviewed. Against this background, this paper advances the operationalization of ecosystem-based adaptation by improving our knowledge of how ecosystem-based approaches can be considered in local planning (operational governance level). We review current research on ecosystem services in urban areas and examine four Swedish coastal municipalities to identify the key characteristics of both implemented and planned measures that support ecosystem-based...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Climate change adaptation; Ecosystem management; Ecosystem services; Green infrastructure; Municipal planning; Nature-based solutions; Renaturing cities; Risk reduction; Spatial planning; Sustainability transitions; Urban planning; Urban resilience; Urban transformation.
Ano: 2016
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Optimal subdivision of land in agrarian reform projects: an analysis using genetic algorithms Ciencia e Investigación Agraria
Ferreira Neto,José Ambrósio; Carneiro dos Santos Junior,Edgard; Fra Paleo,Urbano; Miranda Barros,David; César de Oliveira Moreira,Mayron.
The objective of this manuscript is to develop a new procedure to achieve optimal land subdivision using genetic algorithms (GA). The genetic algorithm was tested in the rural settlement of Veredas, located in Minas Gerais, Brazil. This implementation was based on the land aptitude and its productivity index. The sequence of tests in the study was carried out in two areas with eight different agricultural aptitude classes, including one area of 391.88 ha subdivided into 12 lots and another of 404.1763 ha subdivided into 14 lots. The effectiveness of the method was measured using the shunting line standard value of a parceled area lot's productivity index. To evaluate each parameter, a sequence of 15 calculations was performed to record the best individual...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Agrarian reform; Genetic algorithm; Rural settlement; Spatial planning.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-16202011000200001
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Pimp Your Landscape - a Generic Approach for Integrating Regional Stakeholder Needs into Land Use Planning Ecology and Society
Pietzsch, Katrin; PISOLUTION Pietzsch IT Service; kp@pisolution.de; Ende, Hans-Peter; Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF); pende@zalf.de; Makeschin, Franz; Dresden University of Technology, Institute for Soil Science and Site Ecology; makeschin@t-online.de.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Evaluation of land use pattern changes; Generic approach; Land use management support; Rule setting options; Spatial planning; User requirements analysis; Visualization of land use pattern changes.
Ano: 2010
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Regionalisation of the Mediterranean basin, a MERMEX synthesis ArchiMer
Ayata, Sakina-dorothee; Irisson, Jean-olivier; Aubert, Anais; Berline, Leo; Dutay, Jean-claude; Mayot, Nicolas; Nieblas, Anne-elise; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Palmieri, Julien; Reygondeau, Gabriel; Rossi, Vincent; Guieu, Cecile.
Regionalisation aims at delimiting provinces within which physical conditions, chemical properties, and biological communities are reasonably homogeneous. This article proposes a synthesis of the many recent regionalisations of the open-sea regions of the Mediterranean Sea. The nine studies considered here defined regions based on different, and sometimes complementary, criteria: dynamics of surface chlorophyll concentration, ocean currents, three-dimensional hydrological and biogeochemical properties, or the distribution of organisms. Although they identified different numbers and patterns of homogeneous regions, their compilation in the epipelagic zone identifies nine consensus frontiers, eleven consensus regions with relatively homogeneous conditions,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mediterranean Sea; Regionalisation; Biogeochemistry; Circulation; Mesoscale features; Epipelagic ocean; Management; Spatial planning.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00405/51673/52221.pdf
Registros recuperados: 10
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