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Registros recuperados: 14
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Application of Internal Control Systems in Organic Export Companies: Two Case Studies from Uganda Organic Eprints
Reckling, Moritz; Preißel, Sara.
The organic agricultural sector of Uganda is considered the most developed in Africa with a total of 296,203 ha organic certified land and the most certified organic producers worldwide (206,800), 90% of whom are small scale farmers. They are certified organic under contract production by export and processing companies, using an Internal Control System (ICS) as a group certification scheme defined by IFOAM (2004). The ICS is a viable and well accepted tool to certify small scale producers in developing countries all over the world. In Uganda however, certification difficulties are stated among the main constraints for the organic sector development. Therefore, a qualitative study was conducted from June to August 2008 that aimed at better understanding...
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Regulation Education; Extension and communication Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/16286/1/Reckling%26Preissel_TT09_Abstract.pdf
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Attitudes Towards Conversion To Organic Production Systems: A Study Of Farmers In England Organic Eprints
Midmore, Peter; Padel, Susanne; McCalman, Heather; Isherwood, Jon; Fowler, Susan; Lamkpin, Nic.
This report describes the attitudes of converting and conventional producers in England to organic production. In 2000, a telephone survey was conducted of farmers in three groups: those who were converting, those who had contacted OCIS but decided not to convert, and a random sample of conventional farmers. The majority of converting farmers gave concerns about agrochemicals and fears about the future profitability of conventional farming as their main reasons for going organic. Marketing was not seen as an obstacle to conversion. Conventional farmers thought that advice and information on organic production were easily obtained, but converting farmers did not agree, suggesting that there was a shortage of more advanced knowledge. Non-converters gave...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/10817/1/Attitude_survey.pdf
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Biolandbau und Werte: Was ist Biobauern in Österreich wertvoll? Organic Eprints
Plakolm, Gerhard; Fromm, Elisabeth.
The research project "Organic Revision" is part of the 6th Framework Program of the EU and tries to support the European Commission improving the regulation 2092/91 about organic farming. As part of one work package organic farmers have been con-sulted about their ethical values concerning organic farming. This work has been done as whole in five countries. Here are presented the results of Austria only. Different focus groups discussed according to a guideline and filled in some question-naires. The mentioned values have been classified. Organic farmers are aware of their ethical values for their life and their profession. The ethic of farming, the social and ecological communities and the respect of others (e.g. lower developed countries) are important...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/9523/1/9523_Plakolm_Poster.pdf
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Crédibilité et flexibilité de la certification dans un contexte de globalisation et de crises alimentaires: le cas de l'Agriculture biologique Organic Eprints
Sylvander, Bertil.
On s’accorde à reconnaître que les normes – obligatoires ou volontaires - jouent un rôle croissant dans la constitution et l’organisation des marchés contemporains. Si a certification joue son rôle dans cette évolution de fond, elle remplit également – de par sa flexibilité - une fonction d’adaptation et d’anticipation aux changements liées à l’incertitude de la globalisation et des crises alimentaires. Cet article analyse les critères d’efficacité de la certification et les replace dans une comparaison de trois modes d’organisation polaires, du contrôle de la société à celui de la communauté en passant par la certification.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/6714/1/Article_certification_Sylvander_version_3%2D_17_octobre_03.pdf
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Farmer Consumer Partnerships Communicating Ethical Values: a conceptual framework Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne; Gössinger, Katherina.
The CORE-Organic Farmer Consumer Partnership project develops and tests innovative generic communication strategies as a valuable tool for the strategic positioning of organic companies and farmers' initiatives in the five partner countries: Austria, Germany, Italy, Switzerland and the UK. The main objective is to determine how commitment to a broader range of ethical values than those covered by European organic regulations can be reflected in communication with customers. This report represents the outcome of the first two work packages (WPs 1 & 2). In WP 1, a conceptual framework for communicating ethical approaches in organic agriculture was developed. The most important ethical traditions frequently mentioned in the context of ethical...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Markets and trade Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/12821/1/CORE_FCP_Vol1_Final_31_July.pdf
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Focus groups of value concepts of organic producers and other stakeholders Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne.
The report aims to contribute to a better knowledge and understanding of basic ethical values of organic agriculture. It identifies basic values and value differences among a range of stakeholders in Europe and provides some recommendation for further development of the EU regulation 2092/91. A total of 25 focus group discussions of approx. 2 hours with between 4 and 15 participants were held in five European countries. The common discussion guide covered first associations with the word organic, personal involvement with the organic sector, values important for the organic sector now and in the future and value-conflicts. The analysis explored differences between the regions, and between established and more recently converted producers, and contrasted...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food systems Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/6524/1/D21_FOCUS_GROUPS_ON_VALUES1.pdf
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Framtid for økolandbruket? Organic Eprints
Løes, Anne-Kristin; Koesling, Matthias; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand.
Med et offentlig mål om at 15 % av matproduksjonen og -forbruket skal være økologisk i 2015, må norsk økologisk landbruk vokse raskt og mye. Da er det problematisk at mange økobønder slutter. Fra 2004 til 2007 meldte 646 bønder seg ut av Debios kontrollordning for økologisk produksjon. Nettotilveksten i samme periode var bare 177 bruk, slik at det i 2007 var 2611 økogårder i Norge. Andel økologisk jordbruksareal økte fra 3,4 til 3,9 %, noe som er for sakte i forhold til målsetningen.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/13523/1/Kronikk_Nationen_070508_Side_28.pdf
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Gaining Trust in Emerging markets in South East Europe Organic Eprints
Heeb, Marlene.
Lessons learnt Starting a project in Organic agriculture mobilizes: - New dynamics on all levels - Networks of organic stakeholders - Awareness creation for other agricultural methods Limited predictability of processes - Difficult to plan - Strongly influenced by a few individuals and the frame conditions (legal, economic, etc.) Organisational development is very important: - Often underestimated (in time, difficulty, importance) - Lacking experience in civil societies and democratic structures - Burden of Comunistic history - Dominated by a few individuals (positive or negative) - Professional support available (welcomed) - Significant impact on general mind set of people - Giving chances to motivated and open people...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Markets and trade Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/7326/1/Heeb%2D2006%2Dlessons_learnt%2DVortragBioFach2006.pdf
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Is there a Female Principle in Organic Farming? An Interpretation of Data for Norway Organic Eprints
BJØRKHAUG, HILDE.
It is often claimed that due to different value orientations, men and women practice agriculture in different ways. In particular, the idea that women practice a more environmentally friendly or ecological style of management is a key assumption of this difference. Indeed, the female management principle corresponds on many points to the ideology of organic farming. This paper explores whether female farmers in Norway represent different management values and attitudes to male farmers, or whether male and female organic farmers together represent a more feminine way of farming than conventional farmers do. Using quantitative data collected from a survey of organic and conventional farmers in Norway, the paper analyses attitudes and motives of male and...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/10053/1/Is_there_a_female_principle._H._Bjorkhaug.pdf
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Of the Land & the Spirit: The Essential Lord Northbourne on Ecology & Religion - Book Review Organic Eprints
Paull, John.
Lord Northbourne (1896-1982) coined the term “organic farming” and he expounded the case for it in his 1940 manifesto of organic agriculture: Look to the Land. So a new book by this author is important, is a welcome treat, and warrants the attention of those with an interest in organic food, agriculture and systems. Of the Land & the Spirit is a collection of essays and chapters that reflect the spectrum of Northbourne’s interests, including religion, art, education, gardening and agriculture. Lord Northbourne was trained at Oxford University in agriculture, and it remained one of his abiding interests. From a lifetime approaching nine decades, Of the Land & the Spirit presents an account of four decades of Northbourne’s thoughts -...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general History of organics Farming Systems Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/15088/1/15088.pdf
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Ökoverbände in der Identitätskrise? Eine clubtheoretische Analyse Organic Eprints
Jahn, Gabriele; Schramm, Matthias; Spiller, Prof. Dr. Achim.
Compliance with the rules of organic production has been motivated intrinsically. Cooperative behaviour, thus, has been a key issue in assuring organic quality. However, the environment is continuously changing. An increasing number of farmers is producing organic food not only driven by altruism, but by economic factors and public support (i.e., subsidies). The following contribution aims to reveal determinants for an efficient quality assurance within an organic farming association. It focuses on changes related to the introduction of a public certification system and the “loss” of social cohesion among the organic farmers. Based on the theory of club goods, an application of the decision theory approach underlines the analysis.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/3732/1/3732.pdf
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Poster: Dropping organic certification - effects on organic farming in Norway Organic Eprints
Koesling, Matthias; Løes, Anne-Kristin; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand.
Numerous studies have examined organic farmers’ characteristics, motives, attitudes and barriers related to the conversion from conventional to organic farming. Recent studies have also discussed the perceived problems and reasons stated by organic farmers for opting out of certified production. In Norway, farmers’ reasons for opting out of certified organic farming have so far just been explored on a regional level or limited to one production; most such analyses have not been published internationally. E.g., it has not been explored if the farmers in question return to conventional practices or exit farming altogether.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/13743/1/Koesling_et_al_2008_Poster_Dropping_organic_certification.pdf
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Presentation: Dropping organic certification - effects on organic farming in Norway Organic Eprints
Løes, Anne-Kristin; Koesling, Matthias; Flaten, Ola; Lien, Gudbrand.
From 2002 to 06, the annual dropout rate of certified organic farmers averaged 7.3%. A project was started in 2007 to explore farmer’s reasons for opting out of certified organic production. Important factors seem to be public regulations including standards for organic farming, agronomy, economy, and farm exit. While many organic farmers with relatively small holdings have opted out, farmers with more land and larger herds tend to convert to organic agriculture. The trend towards larger-scale farms in organic than in conventional agriculture, encouraged by the design of the organic farming payments, challenges the organic principles of diversity and fairness. Means should be considered to ensure that small organic enterprises are also economically viable.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/13747/1/Loes_et_al_2008_Presentation_Dropping_organic_certification.pdf
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Values of organic producers converting at different times: Results of a focus group study in five European countries Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne.
The paper presents the results of a focus group study of the values of organic producers entering the sector at different times in Austria, Italy, the Netherlands, the UK and Switzerland. As well as expressing values widely associated with organic farming, such as food quality, health and environmental protection, established and converting producers also mentioned professional challenge, fairness in the food chain, and maintaining farm income as important values. The reviewed literature includes examples of a theory of conventionalisation which implies that later converting producers are less committed to core organic values than the previously established organic producers. The conclusions of this paper do not support this idea. In interpreting the...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Regulation Values; Standards and certification Social aspects.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/9258/1/Padel_Values_IJARGE_08.pdf
Registros recuperados: 14
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