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Evolutionary impact assessment: accounting for evolutionary consequences of fishing in an ecosystem approach to fisheries management ArchiMer
Laugen, Ane; Engelhard, Georg; Whitlock, Rebecca; Arlinghaus, Robert; Dankel, Dorothy J.; Dunlop, Erin S.; Eikeset, Anne M.; Enberg, Katja; Jorgensen, Christian; Matsumura, Shuichi; Nussle, Sebastien; Urbach, Davnah; Baulier, Loic; Boukal, David S.; Ernande, Bruno; Johnston, Fiona D.; Mollet, Fabian; Pardoe, Heidi; Therkildsen, Nina O.; Uusi-heikkilae, Silva; Vainikka, Anssi; Heino, Mikko; Rijnsdorp, Adriaan D.; Dieckmann, Ulf.
Managing fisheries resources to maintain healthy ecosystems is one of the main goals of the ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF). While a number of international treaties call for the implementation of EAF, there are still gaps in the underlying methodology. One aspect that has received substantial scientific attention recently is fisheries-induced evolution (FIE). Increasing evidence indicates that intensive fishing has the potential to exert strong directional selection on life-history traits, behaviour, physiology, and morphology of exploited fish. Of particular concern is that reversing evolutionary responses to fishing can be much more difficult than reversing demographic or phenotypically plastic responses. Furthermore, like climate change, multiple...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem approach to fisheries; Ecosystem services; Fisheries yield; Fisheries-induced evolution; Impact assessment; Sustainable fisheries.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00124/23522/21409.pdf
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Of Fish and Fishermen: Shifting Societal Baselines to Reduce Environmental Harm in Fisheries Ecology and Society
Lam, Mimi E; University of British Columbia, Fisheries Centre, Policy and Ecosystem Restoration in Fisheries; University of New Mexico, Department of Biology; mimibethlam@gmail.com.
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed article Palavras-chave: Collaborative fisheries governance; Common heritage of mankind principle; Conservation; Disincentives to overcapitalize and overfish; Ecological damage; Environmental ethics; Environmental protection; Fishing harm; Harm principle; Law of nuisance; Marine stewardship; Precautionary principle; Public trust doctrine; Sustainable fisheries.
Ano: 2012
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Resilient Salmon, Resilient Fisheries for British Columbia, Canada Ecology and Society
Healey, Michael C; University of British Columbia; CALFED Bay-Delta Program; healey@interchange.ubc.ca.
Salmon are inherently resilient species. However, this resiliency has been undermined in British Columbia by a century of centralized, command-and-control management focused initially on maximizing yield and, more recently, on economic efficiency. Community and cultural resiliency have also been undermined, especially by the recent emphasis on economic efficiency, which has concentrated access in the hands of a few and has disenfranchised fishery-dependent communities. Recent declines in both salmon stocks and salmon prices have revealed the systemic failure of the current management system. If salmon and their fisheries are to become viable again, radically new management policies are needed. For the salmon species, the emphasis must shift from maximizing...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Fishery management; Pacific salmon; Resilience; Sustainable fisheries.
Ano: 2009
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