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Registros recuperados: 27
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A comparison between models describing the influence of temperature on the development rate of copepods OMA
Heip, C.H.R..
Four mathematical expressions relating development time to temperature are compared. All four yield good predictions of the development rate of the copepod <i>Tachidius discipes</i>. The use of the equation of Belehradek is criticized. It is concluded that the power equation D= aT<sup>b</sup> gives the best approximation in this case.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Temperature effects; Copepoda [copepods].
Ano: 1974 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=3496
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Aspectos biológicos y ecológicos de Mytilopsis sallei (Recluz, 1849) (Bivalvia: Dreissenidae) en bancos de ostra de la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, Caribe colombiano OceanDocs
Puyana, Mónica.
Mytilopsis sallei es una especie que se encuentra ampliamente distribuida sobre sustratos duros en la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, siendo particularmente abundante sobre bancos de ostra de mangle (Crassostrea rhizophorae), donde alcanza densidades de hasta 5000 indiv/m2. Aunque posee una amplia tolerancia a variaciones en la salinidad y temperatura, prefiere aquellos lugares donde la afluencia de aguas dulces es constante. Puede además tolerar aguas turbias con un alto contenido de sedimentos, como en la desembocadura de los ríos. M. sallei no parece aparentemente, competir con la ostra, incluso en aquellos bancos sometidos a intensa explotación. Esto se debe a las preferencias ambientales de cada especie y a la alta productividad de las aguas de la...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Ecology; Population structure; Salinity effects; Temperature effects; Density; Condition factor; Turbidity; Interspecific relationships; Population dynamics; Coastal lagoons; Estuaries; Ecology; Population structure; Turbidity; Estuaries; Density; Population dynamics; Coastal lagoons; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2467; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6115; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_15043; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2673; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2186; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6111; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1697.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3802
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Assimilation efficiency in Bufo spinulosus tadpoles (Anura: Bufonidae): effects of temperature, diet quality and geographic origin RChHN
BENAVIDES,A. GONZALO; VELOSO,ALBERTO; JIMÉNEZ,PAULINA; MÉNDEZ,MARCO A..
The assimilation efficiency of Bufo spinulosus tadpoles from four localities in Chile was evaluated for two different temperatures (15 and 25 ºC) and two different diets (low nutritional quality diet (LQD): 22.28 mg g N-1; high nutritional quality diet (HQD): 47.53 mg g N-1) using ash as a marker of digestion. Results showed that geographic origin did not affect assimilation efficiency, while the relationship observed between temperature and diet quality was significant. Assimilation efficiency was greater for the HQD when tadpoles were maintained at 15 °C, instead significant differences were not found between diets for tadpoles maintained at 25 °C. Our results suggest that the effect of temperature on digestive processes is more relevant than its effect...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: Bufo spinulosus; Tadpoles; Assimilation; Temperature effects; Diet quality effects; Geographic origin effects.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-078X2005000200013
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Caracterización ecológica de la salina artificial Pozos colorados, Caribe colombiano OceanDocs
Mancera-P., J.E..
Un estudio ecológico de la salina marina Pozos Colorados se llevó a cabo entre enero y agosto de 1987. Si bien las dos estaciones de muestreo presentaron amplias diferencias entre si; en general la dinámica del ecosistema dependió aparentemente de la salinidad, la cual varió entre 75 y 341 °/oo; su incremento y la disminución del nivel de agua, al parecer generaron aumento de la temperatura y disminución del oxígeno disuelto, con rangos de 26,3 y 41 °C para la primera y O y 5,4 mg/l para el segundo. Aunque en promedio el pH fue neutro (7,5), este sistema reductor, caracterizado además por abundante materia orgánica, generó en ocasiones una ligera acidez (6,7). La producción primaria neta fue negativa en la mayoría de los casos, como resultado de una...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Salinity effects; Ecosystems; Temperature effects; Primary production; Population structure; Ecology; Ecosystems; Primary production; Population structure; Ecology; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2482; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_34329; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6115; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2467.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3887
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Consommation d'oxygene de la crevette japonaise, Penaeus japonicus , en fonction de l'oxygenation du milieu: Effects de la temperature et de l'acclimatation a des conditions ambiantes hypoxiques ArchiMer
Truchot, J; Jouve, D.
Oxygen consumption of juvenile prawns, Penaeus japonicus , was measured during the day at 4 temperatures (23, 26, 30 and 33 degree C) and at various oxygenation levels. For inactive prawns burrowed into sand, respiratory metabolism was maintained almost constant in hypoxia above a critical oxygen pressure of about 30-40 Torr. Data analysis according to a hyperbolic model indicates that the capacity for metabolic regulation was optimal between 26 and 30 degree C. Prawns acclimated 1-2 weeks at 20 degree C in moderate hypoxia (P sub(O2) around 50-55 Torr) showed a reinforced regulation of oxygen consumption when compared to normoxic controls.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Penaeus japonicus; Malacostraca; Juveniles; Respiration; Hypoxia; Dissolved oxygen; Temperature effects; Oxygen consumption; Crevettes Pénaeides; Température; Hypoxie; Métabolisme respiratoire.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/acte-1192.pdf
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Contribution a l'etude du microplancton des etangs corses de Diana et Urbino et du secteur marin adjacent. ArchiMer
Paulmier, Gerard.
Investigations carried out in both Corsica lagoons Diana and Urbino during the period from January to August 1985, permitted to define the main characteristics of microplankton cycle. Two phytoplanktonic blooms have been observed, first in winter, second less important in July-August. Any correlation cannot be observed between phytoplanktonic cycle or one its main components, and both environmental variables temperature and salinity. However dissolved oxygen ratio may be subject to large summer variations, drifting towards until ecological desequilibrious.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Algal blooms; Dissolved oxygen; Salinity effects; Temperature effects; Phytoplankton; Plankton.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/publication-1800.pdf
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Description de l'activité des flottilles pélagiques industrielles en 1987 dans la ZEE mauritanienne. OceanDocs
Chavance, P..
En 1987, 59 chalutiers pélagiques (62-102 m, 2000 – 3880 cv) ont opéré dans la ZEE mauritanienne. Trois pays sont représentés : l’URSS, la Roumanie et l’Allemagne de l’Est. Les captures totales atteignent 441473 tonnes dont 66,5% est pêchée par les soviétiques, 26,3% par les roumains et 7,2% par les allemands de l’Est. Les chinchards (<Trachirus sp et Decapterus rhonchus>) prédominent dans les captures avec 50,8%, les sardinelles en représentent 14,9% et la sardine 7,7%. L’activité des flottilles est apparue, comme en 1986, très marquée par les saisons hydrologiques.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Chalutiers pélagiques; Flottilles industrielles; Captures; Saisons hydrologiques; Commercial fishing; Environmental impact; Fishing effort; Fishing fleet; Pelagic fisheries; Seasonal distribution; Seasonal variations; Temperature effects; Temporal variations; Trawling; Upwelling; Environmental impact; Trawling; Fishing effort; Pelagic fisheries.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1147
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Efecto de la salinidad y la temperatura sobre el ciclo de vida de cangrejos estuariales (Decapoda, Grapsidae). OceanDocs
Bas, C..
El ciclo de vida de los cangrejos verdaderos (Crustacea, Brachyura) incluye en la mayoria de los casos cuatro etapas. Una etapa embrionaria, en la cual los huevos en desarrollo protegidos por una membrana de varias capas, se mantienen adheridos a los ple6podas de la hembra, expuestos a las mismas condiciones ambientales que el adulto . Posteriormente una etapa larval planct6nica y finalmente una fase juvenil y una adulta, ambas bent6nicas en igual o diferente ambiente . Muy frecuentemente [as historias de vida de los organismos son referidas como rigidamente definidas para cada especie, sin embargo existen numerosos ejemplos en invertebrados donde las caracteristicas del desarrollo y la reproducci6n de una especie son ampliamente influenciadas y...
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Salinity effects; Temperature effects; Life cycle; Comparative studies; Larval development; Embryonic development; Feeding; Reproduction; Seasonal variations; Feeding; Embryonic development; Life cycle; Reproduction; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2838; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2545; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4317; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6507.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2972
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Effects de le temperature et du regime alimentaire sur certains parametres de l'immunite cellulaire du loup de mer en elevage ArchiMer
Deschaux, P; Peres, G.
The data showed that antibody response and NK cells activity of a teleostean fish Dicentrarchus labrax (Loup de mer) were maximal when animals were bred at a temperature equal to 18 degree C. A proteinoprive diet enhanced T cytotoxic response and diminished NK cell activity. A fast of 15 days had no effect on these two cellular responses.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dicentrarchus labrax; Serranidae; Pisces; Antibodies; Starvation; Toxicity; Cells; Immunity; Diets; Nutrition; Temperature effects; Fish culture.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/acte-1248.pdf
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Effects of temperature abuse on survival ofVibrio vulnificus in oysters ArchiMer
Murphy, S; Oliver, J.
Of the several bacterial diseases which may result from consumption of shellfish, those caused by marine bacteria of the genus Vibrio are the most abundant. In the United States, up to 10,000 non-fatal cases per year are estimated to be caused by the various members of this genus. More than 95% of all deaths in the United States which result from seafood consumption are caused by a single bacterium, Vibrio vulnificus. The bacterium is a normal inhabitant of estuarine waters, and occurs naturally in especially high numbers in molluscan shellfish. Infections following consuption of raw or undercooked shellfish, especially oysters, result in fatality rates of over 60%. Because most oysters in the United States are transported large distances before marketing,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: USA Coasts; Vibrio cholerae; Vibrio vulnificus; Crassostrea virginica; Bivalvia; Bacteria; Temperature effects; Food technology; Fish poisoning; Oyster culture.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1992/acte-1622.pdf
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Etude de la composition corporelle de la sole (Solea solea ) au cours du jeune: Influence de la temperature ArchiMer
Richard, P; Djabali, M; Lagardere, Francoise; Lagardere, J.
The effects of starvation on Solea solea at 10 and 20 degree C in sea water, were studied. At 20 degree C fishes start to die on week 4; at 10 degree C they support a longer starvation period (9 weeks). Proximate analysis shows that protein are more steadily used at 20 degree C than at 10 degree C, contrarily to the corporal lipids which are used at the same rate. Starvation results in a reduction of liver lipids and glycogen. This reduction is more pronounced at 20 degree C : 70% of hepatic glycogen is used at this temperature within the first week of starvation against 30% at 10 degree C.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Solea solea; Soleidae; Pisces; Survival; Tissues; Biochemical composition; Temperature effects; Proteins; Lipids; Starvation; Metabolism.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/acte-1246.pdf
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Etude ecologique des vibrions du bassin d'Arcachon ArchiMer
Marchand, Michel.
Water and sediment samples monthly collected from Arcachon Bay (Gironde, France) were examined during three years for the presence of marine vibrios. V. cholerae serotype 01 was never detected. On the other hand, the Eyre River and mouth contain non-agglutinating V. cholerae (127 strains) principally in water. The low temperatures slow their development down without stopping it completely. V. parahaemolyticus (257 strains) present in the same areas is particularly isolated from water when the aquatic medium temperature rises to 15 degree C. V. alginolyticus (638 strains) settles the whole Bay, except the river, in any season. The low temperatures promote growth of V. metschnikovii (203 strains) very tolerant towards salinity. V. anguillarum (46 strains)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio metschnikovii; Vibrio anguillarum; Vibrio alginolyticus; Vibrio cholerae; Vibrio; Marine environment; Microorganisms; Sediments; Salinity effects; Temperature effects; Ecology; Water.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-998.pdf
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Factores fisioecológicos que limitan la distribución del camarón Penaeus schmitti en la bahía de Cienfuegos, Cuba OceanDocs
Suarez Alvarez, G..
La distribución del camarón blanco Penaeus schmitti puede interpretarse basándonos en el análisis de factores ecológicos y parámetros fisiológicos que pueden limitar su vida. Se estudiaron los datos de la distribución del oxígeno, salinidad, temperatura y los factores rhopicos Cl/SO4; Na/Ca y Cl/Ca) en muestras de agua del fondo de la bahía de Cienfuegos, los cuales se comparan con las áreas camaroneras de mayor rendimiento. Estas relaciones iónicas también se estudiaron en la hemolinfa de los camarones y se realizaron bioensayos de supervivencia a diferentes concentraciones iónicas del medio, determinándose las concentraciones óptimas para su presencia y después de compararlos con los valores del medio se recomiendan las mejores áreas para la captura del...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Shrimp fisheries; Temperature effects; Salinity effects; Zonal distribution; Capture fisheries; Survival; Bays.
Ano: 1973 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4879
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Factors affecting bacterial biomass and growth in the Duplin River estuary and coastal Atlantic Ocean. ArchiMer
Fallon, R; Newell, S; Sherr, B; Sheer, E.
Bacterial numbers and growth rates were measured in coastal, planktonic systems of the Western Atlantic ocean. Seasonal responses in growth rates of the bacterial assemblage were present at some sites, but these may be related to seasonal changes in substrate supply rather than to changes in temperature. Bacterial growth rates tended to decline with increasing distance from shore. There was evidence for predator-prey population cycles in the bacteria and < 17 mu m protozoa in the Duplin River Estuary which may indicate that the bacterial assemblage serves as prey for protozoan populations. In summer, a significant negative correlation between mu (instantaneous growth rate) and cell numbers in the bacterial assemblage indicated that substrate limitation...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Protozoa; Plankton; Bacteria; Predators; Grazing; Temperature effects; Seasonal variations; Limiting factors; Interspecific relationships; Nutrients (mineral); Growth.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-955.pdf
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Importance des saisons de transition hydrologique et impact des anomalies climatiques sur l'activité d’une flottille pélagique en ZEE mauritanienne 1985 – 1987 OceanDocs
Chavance, P.; Loktionov, Y.; Mahfoudh, M..
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Catch/effort; Condition factor; Environmental effects; Environmental impact; Fishery resources; Fishing fleet; Pelagic fisheries; Seasonal distribution; Seasonal variations; Temperature effects; Temporal variations; Upwelling; Environmental impact; Fishery resources; Pelagic fisheries; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_24420; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2942; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5659.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1144
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Influence de la temperature sur la differentiation sexuelle des gonades chez la tortue luth (Dermochelys coriacea ); etude en incubation artificielle et naturelle ArchiMer
Rimblot, F; Fretey, J; Lescure, J; Pieau, C.
Sexual differentiation of the marine leatherback turtle is sensitive to temperature. Incubation of eggs below 29 degree C results in 100% males, whereas incubationa bove 30 degree C results in 100% potential females at hatching. Therefore, the threshold temperature lies between 29 and 30 degree C as has been found for other marine turtles (Caretta caretta, Chelonia mydas ). Among hatchlings from natural nests in French Guiana, 10% were males, 20% were potential females and 70% had an intermediate phenotype. The sand temperature at 60 cm of depth, near one nest, was recorded and was found to vary between 29 and 30 degree C during the presumed thermosensitive period. These results will be useful to marine turtle hatcheries which seek to manipulate sex ratios...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dermochelys coriacea; Chelonia mydas; Reptilia; Hatcheries; Natural populations; Incubation; Turtle culture; Eggs; Temperature effects; Sexual dimorphism.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/acte-1241.pdf
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International study on <i>Artemia</i> : 32. Combined effects of temperature and salinity on the survival of <i>Artemia</i> of various geographical origin OMA
Vanhaecke, P.; Siddall, S.E.; Sorgeloos, P..
The brine shrimp inhabits geographically isolated biotopes with specific biotic and abiotic conditions. This has resulted in various geographical strains between which marked genetica, biological and chemical differentiation exists. The response of 13 different <i>Artemia</i> strains to the combined effect of temperature and salinity has been studied. Experimental temperatures tested ranged from 18 to 34°C and salinities from 5 to 120 promille. Except for Chaplin Lake (Canada) <i>Artemia</i> , all strains showed high survival over a wide range of salinities (35-110 promille). For all strains the common temperature optimum was between 20 and 25°C. Interaction between temperature and salinity was negligible or very limited....
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Salinity effects; Survival; Temperature effects; Artemia.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/261924.pdf
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International study on <i>Artemia</i> : 48. The effect of temperature on cyst hatching larval survival and biomass production for different geographical strains of brine shrimp <i>Artemia</i> spp. OMA
Vanhaecke, P.; Sorgeloos, P..
The effect of temperature on different geographical strains of <i>Artemia</i> has been studied for the following criteria: the hatchability of the cysts, the resistance of the larvae to high temperature (34°C) and the biomass production of larvae cultured under standard conditions. Experimental temperatures ranged from 25° to 37°C for the hatching criteria and from 20° to 32.5°C for the biomass production.Both the hatching percentage and growth performance are affected by temperature. However, the relative and quantitative impact of temperature varies widely among <i>Artemia</i> strains. This is also the case for the temperature resistance of the larvae. The impact of increasing temperatures on cyst hatching as well as the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Aquaculture techniques; Biomass; Brine shrimp culture; Growth; Larvae; Survival; Temperature effects; Artemia.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=3194
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Is competition for space between the encrusting excavating sponge Cliona tenuis and corals influenced by higher-than-normal temperatures? OceanDocs
Márquez, J.C.; Zea, S.; López-Victoria, M..
Temperaturas del agua de mar por encima del promedio durante 2005 en el Archipiélago de las Islas del Rosario (Caribe Colombiano) causaron un blanqueamiento coralino masivo en aguas someras (hasta 2-3 m de profundidad). Para confirmar resultados previos en los que el estrés inducido por calentamiento del agua en los corales puede acelerar la velocidad a la que esponjas excavadoras incrustantes le ganan espacio a los corales vivos, se contrastaron las tasas de propagación lateral en individuos de la esponja Cliona tenuis previamente marcados, que estaban colonizando los corales Diploria strigosa y Siderastrea siderea a profundidades de 5 - 6 m. Se hicieron comparaciones pareadas del avance de cada individuo de esponja entre dos intervalos de medida...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Sponges; Coral; Competitors; Associated species; Temperature effects; Sponges; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7321.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1987
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Nutrition chez des copepodes en milieu lagunaire mediterraneen en fonction de la concentration en particules et de la temperature ArchiMer
Gaudy, R; Pagano, M.
The zooplankton of an eutrophic brackish lagoon (Etang de Berre), near Marseille (France) was studied during an annual cycle. It was characterized by large populations of a pelagic copepod (Acartia tonsa ). Grazing on natural particles by this species was investigated. Adults were able to use an extended range of particle sizes, but showed selectivity for particles concentration was observed (14 mu m). Temperature and particles concentration appear to modify the selectivity behavior. Juvenile stages could also catch particles of various size but did not show the same selectivity for the peak particles as adults. Daily food ration was high comparatively to open-sea copepods. Taking into account several results obtained on food ration, egg production and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Copepoda; Lagoons; Energy budget; Seasonal variations; Particle concentration; Zooplankton; Food availability; Temperature effects; Nutrition.
Ano: 1984 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1984/acte-1526.pdf
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