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Registros recuperados: 4
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Chemical contaminants (trace metals, persistent organic pollutants) in albacore tuna from western Indian and south-eastern Atlantic Oceans: Trophic influence and potential as tracers of populations ArchiMer
Chouvelon, Tiphaine; Brach-papa, Christophe; Auger, Dominique; Bodin, Nathalie; Bruzac, Sandrine; Crochet, Sylvette; Degroote, Maxime; Hollanda, Stephanie J.; Hubert, Clarisse; Knoery, Joel; Munschy, Catherine; Puech, Alexis; Rozuel, Emmanuelle; Thomas, Bastien; West, Wendy; Bourjea, Jerome; Nikolic, Natacha.
Albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) is a highly commercial fish species harvested in the world's Oceans. Identifying the potential links between populations is one of the key tools that can improve the current management across fisheries areas. In addition to characterising populations' contamination state, chemical compounds can help refine foraging areas, individual flows and populations' structure, especially when combined with other intrinsic biogeochemical (trophic) markers such as carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes. This study investigated the bioaccumulation of seven selected trace metals – chromium, nickel, copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg) and lead – in the muscle of 443 albacore tunas, collected over two seasons and/or years in the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Top predator; Bioaccumulation; Inorganic elements; Organic contaminants; Stable isotopes; Intrinsic markers.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00384/49532/51152.pdf
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Diet overlap between harbour porpoise and bottlenose dolphin: An argument in favour of interference competition for food? ArchiMer
Spitz, Jérôme; Rousseau, Yann; Ridoux, Vincent.
In aquatic ecosystems, competitive interactions are occasionally described. Violent attacks on harbour porpoises by bottlenose dolphins were reported and it was proposed that this behavior could result from competitive interactions for food. This hypothesis implies that the two predators should share all or part of they prey range. In this work, we describe the diets of each predator in the Bay of Biscay and adjacent areas from stomach content analysis of stranded animals. The diet of the harbour porpoise was mostly composed of small schooling fish living close to the seafloor (98 percent by mass). The diet of the bottlenose dolphin was characterised by the presence of large specimens of demersal fish (91 percent by mass) and cephalopods. Several prey...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: North Eastern Atlantic; Tursiops truncatus; Phocoena phocoena; Diet; Top predator; Interference competition.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1986.pdf
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Dietary breadth and trophic position of introduced European catfish Silurus glanis in the Tarn River (Garonne River basin), southwest France ArchiMer
Syvaeranta, Jari; Cucherousset, Julien; Kopp, Dorothee; Crivelli, Alain; Cereghino, Regis; Santoul, Frederic.
Although being a widely introduced and successfully established species, the European catfish Silurus glanis L. (the world’s third largest freshwater fish) remains poorly studied in its introduced areas. Here we studied the trophic ecology of non-native European catfish in a large river system in south-western France using stomach content and stable isotope analyses (SIA). We used fin samples for SIA of catfish and hence tested the validity of using fin tissue as a proxy for muscle in SIA. The mean δ15N and δ13C values analysed from fin tissues did not differ from those analysed from muscle tissue and reflected strong and consistent relationships (r2 = 0.95 for carbon and r2 = 0.98 for nitrogen). The δ15N values varied almost 5‰ among the analysed catfish...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Stable isotopes; Introduced species; Top predator; River; Food web; Fin clips.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00168/27896/26159.pdf
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Investigating feeding ecology of two anglerfish species, Lophius piscatorius and Lophius budegassa in the Celtic Sea using gut content and isotopic analyses ArchiMer
Issac, Pierre; Robert, Marianne; Le Bris, Hervé; Rault, Jonathan; Pawlowski, Lionel; Kopp, Dorothee.
We used stable isotope ratio and gut content analyses to determine and compare the feeding ecology of two commercially important predator species, Lophius piscatorius and Lophius budegassa in the Celtic sea, where data concerning their trophic ecology remain sparse. This study included two areas and two size-classes, showing that anglerfish in the Celtic sea are mainly piscivorous top predators as observed in other marine waters. However, a substantial part of the diet of the fish in the small size classes consists of benthic macro-invertebrates, mainly Crustaceans. Despite the common knowledge that they are opportunistic predators that display a low degree of prey selectivity, our results suggest that the two species have different trophic niches when...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lophius; Gut content; Stable isotopes; Trophic niche; Trophic segregation; Top predator.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00395/50614/51326.pdf
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