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Registros recuperados: 31
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
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A comparison of fast destruction methods for the determination of trace metals in biological materials OMA
Luyten, S.; Smeyers-Verbeke, J.; Massart, D.L..
In clinical chemistry it can be very useful to have a rapid method for the determination of trace elements in biological material available. Because the classical wet digestion method which is generally used for the destruction of biological materials requires much attention, two procedures were tried which should be less time consuming or require less attention. The two new procedures which are the soluene (a quaternary ammonium hydroxide) method of Jackson (1) and the method of Adrian (2) utilizing pressure were applied to the determination of Cu and Zn in human brain tissue and in fish meal by atomic absorption spectroscopy.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chemical analysis; Trace metals.
Ano: 1973 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=3474
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Accumulation of trace metals in some benthic invertebrate and fish species revelant to their concentration in water and sediment of lake qarun, Egypt OceanDocs
Fishar, M.R.A.; Ali, M.H.H..
Concentrations of major metals (Na, K, Ca, Mg) and some trace metals (Fe, Zn, Mn, Ni, Cu, Co, Pb, Cr, Cd) were determined in water, sediment, benthos and some common fish species from Lake Qarun. Water and sediment samples were collected from seven stations where, the benthos and fish species were collected from three sites representing east, middle and west of the lake. Distribution of studied metals showed that, east part generally had higher contamination than west one which may be attributed to the impact of pollution sources in this area which coming from El-Batts Drain and pumping station in the east part. Mollusca and Crustacea especially Barnacles have the highest concentrations of most heavy metals measured more than Polychaeta which make them...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Lake Qarun; Trace metals; Benthos; Fish SEDIMENTS Absorption coefficient Accumulation Biochemical analysis Benthic fish Trace metals Absorption http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_27.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1215
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Assessment of contaminant concentrations in sediments, fish and mussels sampled from the North Atlantic and European regional seas within the ICON project ArchiMer
Robinson, Craig D.; Webster, Lynda; Martinez-gomez, Concepcion; Burgeot, Thierry; Gubbins, Matthew J.; Thain, John E.; Vethaak, A. Dick; Mcintosh, Alistair D.; Hylland, Ketil.
Understanding the status of contaminants in the marine environment is a requirement of European Union Directives and the Regional Seas Conventions, so that measures to reduce pollution can be identified and their efficacy assessed. The international ICON workshop (Hylland et al., in this issue) was developed in order to test an integrated approach to assessing both contaminant concentrations and their effects. This paper describes and assesses the concentrations of trace metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls in sediments, mussels, and fish collected from estuarine, coastal and offshore waters from Iceland to the Mediterranean Sea. For organic contaminants, concentrations progressively increased from Iceland, to the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Integrated assessment; ICES; North Atlantic; North Sea; Baltic Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs); Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); Trace metals; Environmental monitoring.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00324/43520/43051.pdf
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Biological availability of sediment-bound trace metals. ArchiMer
Luoma, S.
It has been established that direct uptake of (at least some) trace metals from sediments contributes to metal concentrations in benthic organisms. Important controls on metal uptake from sediment are the concentration of the exposure, the partitioning of the metals among components of the sediment, and the redox potential of the sediment. Important problems in ecology, physiology, geochemistry and biogeochemistry remain unresolved, however, and a concentrated interdisciplinary research effort will be necessary before a complete understanding of the fate and impact of sediment-bound metals will be possible.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bioaccumulation; Benthos; Food webs; Biogeochemical cycle; Sediments; Availability; Trace metals.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-1302.pdf
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Comparison in waterborne Cu, Ni and Pb bioaccumulation kinetics between different gammarid species and populations: Natural variability and influence of metal exposure history ArchiMer
Urien, N.; Farfarana, A.; Uher, E.; Fechner, Lise; Chaumot, A.; Geffard, O.; Lebrun, J. D..
Kinetic parameters (uptake from solution and elimination rate constants) of Cu, Ni and Pb bioaccumulation were determined from two Gammarus pulex and three Gammarus fossrum wild populations collected from reference sites throughout France in order to assess the inter-species and the natural inter-population variability of metal bioaccumulation kinetics in that sentinel organism. For that, each population was independently exposed for seven days to either 2.5 mu g L-1 Cu (39.3 nM), 40 mu g L-1 Ni (681 nM) or 10 mu g L-1 Pb (48.3 nM) in laboratory controlled conditions, and then placed in unexposed microcosms for a 7-day depuration period. In the same way, the possible influence of metal exposure history on subsequent metal bioaccumulation kinetics was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Amphipods; Trace metals; Life history; Kinetic parameters; Inter-population variability.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00417/52840/54270.pdf
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Comportement chimique et geochimique des elements a l'état de traces dans l'estuaire de la Seine: Synthese des discussions ArchiMer
Guegueniat, P.
In the synthesis of discussions about the chemistry of the Seine Bay, the author after a note on natural references for metal concentrations, speaks about fluorides, nutrients, PCB, and metallic elements. In conclusion some suggestions about pollutants transfer towards ecosystems link, are enumerated.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PCB; Fluorides; Chemical pollution; Trace metals; Food webs; Bioaccumulation; Biogeochemical cycle; Trace elements.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-1303.pdf
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Concentrations of mercury and other trace elements in two offshore skates: sandy ray Leucoraja circularis and shagreen ray L. fullonica ArchiMer
Nicolaus, E. E. Manuel; Barry, Jon; Bolam, Thi P. C.; Lorance, Pascal; Marandel, Florianne; Phillips, Sophy R. Mccully; Neville, Suzanna; Ellis, Jim R..
Trace metal concentrations in muscle and liver tissues from two offshore species of skate were examined. Concentrations of mercury in muscle of Leucoraja circularis (n = 20; 23–110.5 cm total length, 157–490 m water depth) and L. fullonica (n = 24; 28.5–100 cm total length, 130–426 m water depth) were 0.02–1.8 and 0.04–0.61 mg kg− 1, respectively. Concentrations of both As and Hg increased with total length. Only the largest specimen had a concentration of Hg in muscle > 1.0 mg kg− 1. Data were limited for specimens > 90 cm long, and further studies on contaminants in larger-bodied skates could usefully be undertaken.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Trace metals; Sandy ray; Shagreen ray; Bay of Biscay; Celtic Sea.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00397/50829/51592.pdf
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Developing Autonomous Observing Systems for Micronutrient Trace Metals ArchiMer
Grand, Maxime M.; Laes, Agathe; Fietz, Susanne; Resing, Joseph A.; Obata, Hajime; Luther, George W.; Tagliabue, Alessandro; Achterberg, Eric P.; Middag, Rob; Tovar-sánchez, Antonio; Bowie, Andrew R..
Trace metal micronutrients are integral to the functioning of marine ecosystems and the export of particulate carbon to the deep ocean. Although much progress has been made in mapping the distributions of metal micronutrients throughout the ocean over the last 30 years, there remain information gaps, most notable during seasonal transitions and in remote regions. The next challenge is to develop in situ sensing technologies necessary to capture the spatial and temporal variabilities of micronutrients characterized with short residence times, highly variable source terms, and sub-nanomolar concentrations in open ocean settings. Such an effort will allow investigation of the biogeochemical processes at the necessary resolution to constrain fluxes, residence...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Trace metals; Micronutrients; In situ chemical analyzers; In situ sensors; GEOTRACES; OceanObs'19; Ocean observing time series.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00482/59337/62116.pdf
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Distribución y enriquecimiento de metales traza en núcleos de sedimento de tres sistemas costeros del Estado de Sonora, México OceanDocs
Ortega Romero, P.; Vásquez del Castillo, D..
Este trabajo tiene como objetivo principal, conocer el enriquecimiento y distribución de los metales traza y su relación con la materia organic y el tamaño medio de partícula (Mz) en la columna sedimentaria con el fin de determinar su acción e influencia ecológica en el medio ambiente marino.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Distribution; Trace metals; Sediments; Inorganic matter; Organic matter; Distribution; Organic matter; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_35773; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5387.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/2299
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Effect of local hydroclimate on phytoplankton groups in the Charente estuary ArchiMer
Guesdon, Stephane; Stachowski-haberkorn, Sabine; Lambert, Christophe; Beker, Beatriz; Brach-papa, Christophe; Auger, Dominique; Bechemin, Christian.
This study aimed to describe seasonal variations of phytoplankton abundances in relation to the physical and chemical (nutrients and metals) environment under the influence of freshwater input in the Charente river estuary (Marennes-Oléron bay, France) over three years, from 2011 to 2014. Phytoplankton abundances were determined using microscopy and flow cytometry. Considering high frequency temperature and salinity data, breakpoints in each series led to the identification of two local hydroclimatic periods: the first (2011 and early 2012) being warmer and higher in salinity than the second (from spring 2012 to the beginning of 2014). A multiblock PLS analysis highlighted the significant contribution of the physical environment (temperature, salinity and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hydroclimate; Estuary; Phytoplankton; Size composition; Nutrients; Trace metals.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00349/46005/45674.pdf
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Estudio de la morfometría de las sagittae en poblaciones de sciaenidos marinos de aguas cálidas del Perú y aguas templado-frías de Argentina OceanDocs
Volpedo, A..
Otoliths (sagitta, asteriscus and lapillus)are complex structures composed of calcium carbonate, other minerals, and a protein matrix. Otoliths are located in the internal ear of the teleost fishes. The shape and structure of otoliths are specific for each species. For this reason, otoliths are used to identify species in biological and ecological studies.Sciaenids conform a group of fishes of commercial importance, so the handling of this resource is a high-priority topic for the local and national economies of countries that exploit these species. The purpose of this work is to study different aspects of the sagittae of marine sciaenids from Argentina and Peru. The morphology, morphometry and chemical composition has been analyzed in relation to the...
Tipo: Theses and Dissertations Palavras-chave: Otoliths; Morphometry; Identification keys; Indicator species; Dimensions; Trace metals; Environmental factors; Stocks; Coastal fisheries; Otoliths; Dimensions; Environmental factors; Stocks; Indicator species; Coastal fisheries; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_27091; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2283; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2594; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_28772; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_35790; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1696.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3132
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Etude de la concentration des metaux traces chez "Hexaplex trunculus " (muricidae) le long du littoral tunisien OceanDocs
Tissaoui, Ch.; Chouba, L.; El Abed, O..
La Tunisie dispose d’une ressource importante en coquillages, plusieurs espèces sont commercialisées et elles ont fait l’objet de programmes de qualité pour la sauvegarde de la santé humaine. Dans ce contexte, nous avons réalisé un suivi saisonnier de la concentration de trois métaux traces toxiques, le cadmium (Cd), le plomb (Pb), et le mercure (Hg) dans la totalité de la masse molle, dans le pied et dans les viscères d’un Mollusque Gastéropode, l’Hexaplex trunculus communément appelé en Tunisie « Bakouma ». Les Hexaplex proviennent des golfes de Tunis et de Gabès et des lagunes de Bizerte et de Tunis durant la période 2003 - 2004. Les échantillons sont analysés par spectrométrie d’absorption atomique (SAA) à four graphite et à correction Zeeman (Varian...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Pollution monitoring; Trace metals; Pollution control; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6078.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4153
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Etude de la concentration des métaux traces chez <Hexaplex trunculus> (muricidae) le long du littoral Tunisien OceanDocs
Chouba, L.; Tissaoui, Ch.; El Abed, A..
La Tunisie dispose d’une ressource importante en coquillages, plusieurs espèces sont commercialisées et elles ont fait l’objet de programmes de qualité pour la sauvegarde de la santé humaine. Dans ce contexte, nous avons réalisé un suivi saisonnier de la concentration de trois métaux traces toxiques, le cadmium (Cd), le plomb (Pb), et le mercure (Hg) dans la totalité de la masse molle, dans le pied et dans les viscères d’un Mollusque Gastéropode, l’Hexaplex trunculus communément appelé en Tunisie « Bakouma ». Les Hexaplex proviennent des golfes de Tunis et de Gabès et des lagunes de Bizerte et de Tunis durant la période 2003 - 2004. Les échantillons sont analysés par spectrométrie d’absorption atomique (SAA) à four graphite et à correction Zeeman (Varian...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Hexaplex trunculus; Pollution monitoring; Trace metals; Marine molluscs.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/3777
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Etude du comportement des éléments traces en milieu estuarien : approche expérimentale et modélisation : Application à l'étude de la spéciation de Cd, Co et Cs dans les estuaires majeurs français (Seine, Loire, Gironde, Rhône) ArchiMer
Dange, Catherine.
Most of trace elements have a non conservative behavior in estuarine environments. It is the case of cadmium, cobalt and caesium for which the fate in estuarine and coastal zones is largely controlled by their distribution between water and suspended particles, which generally have high residence times or can be definitely deposited in these areas. Metallic contaminants and radionuclides can be present under various species : dissolved (mineral and organic complexes), colloidal and particulate forms (adsorbed, precipitated) or integrated by various mechanisms in the organisms. Such distributions are the result of processes (physical, chemical, biological) which are controlled by many factors (ionic strengh, pH, Eh, major cations concentration, nature and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Modeling; French estuaries; Caesium; Cobalt; Cadmium; Radionuclides; Trace metals; Speciation; Modélisation; Estuaires français; Cesium; Cobalt; Cadmium; Radionucléides; Métal trace; Speciation.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2002/these-183.pdf
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Etude quantitative et qualitative des métallothioneines chez la daurade "Sparus aurata" exposée aux métaux lourds OceanDocs
Ameur, S.; Ghedira, J.; Guerbej, H.; Jebali, J.; Bouraoui, J.; Boussetta, H..
Dans l’environnement marin, les éléments traces peuvent s’accumuler dans les organismes à des concentrations supérieures à celles présentes dans l’eau. L’étude de la distribution tissulaire des métaux traces au niveau des organismes qui y sont exposés, constitue un aspect très important pour la compréhension de leur devenir. En outre, le suivi de la réponse biologique spécifique de ces organismes sentinelles aux xénobiotiques complète et consolide l’analyse chimique. Ce travail vise à étudier la distribution tissulaire des métaux traces et des métallothionéines (MTs) chez la daurade «Sparus aurata » traitée par un métal essentiel (le cuivre) et un métal non essentiel (le cadmium) à une concentration de 500µg /Kg de poids frais pendant 48 heures....
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Animal organs; Bioaccumulation; Cadmium; Gills; Heavy metals; Metals; Pollutants; Pollution effects; Sediment pollution; Toxicity tests; Trace metals; Marine sciences; Biomarkers of exposure (organisms); Metallic elements.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4448
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Evaluation des apports fluviatiles dans l''estuaire de la Seine ArchiMer
Avoine, J.
Economic activities and urbanization along the Seine watershed, are the main factors of increased river discharge with natural deposits. A long term supervision of this river has allowed the assessment of the liquid flow rate, the solid load, and the metallic pollution.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seasonal variations; Trace metals; Sediment transport; Fluid flow; Brackishwater pollution; Estuarine sedimentation; River discharge.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-1274.pdf
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Influence des apports fluviatiles en Baie de Seine ArchiMer
Avoine, J; Crevel, L.
Hydrological study of Seine Bay displays two areas differentiated by salinity distribution. One has marine characteristics and the other is under fluvial influence. In this paper the authors give the main results of exchanges between the environments, obtained by the study of water dilution, solid particles dispersion, and their contribution to sedimentation.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Estuarine front; River plumes; Trace metals; Salinity; Residual flow; Seasonal variations; Environmental effects; Sediment dynamics; Estuarine sedimentation; River discharge.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-1275.pdf
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Interet de la microscopie analytique pour l''etude d''impact de metaux traces et de terres rares sur le milieu vivant. Application a l''etude d''une zone polluee: La Baie de Seine ArchiMer
Chassard Bouchaud, C; Noel, Philippe; Hubert, M; Hallegot, P.
To study bioaccumulation and metabolism of trace metals (silver-lead-copper-iron-uranium) and rare earths (lanthanium) in estuarine organisms (Crangon crangon, Mytilus edulis, Abra Alba, Cutellus pellucidus, Owenia furiformis ) the authors use in situ microanalysis associated with electronic or photonic microscopy.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Rare earths; Trace metals; Bioaccumulation; Pollution effects; Microscopy.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1985/acte-1305.pdf
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Les métaux traces (Cd, Pb, Hg) et les hydrocarbures totaux dans les sédiments superficiels de la frange cotière du golfe de Gabès OceanDocs
Chouba, L.; Mzougui-Aguir, N..
Dans l’objectif de déterminer l’état de la contamination organique et inorganique des sédiments superficiels de la frange côtière du golfe de Gabès, nous avons évalué les concentrations en hydrocarbures aromatiques totaux, en cadmium (Cd), en plomb (Pb) et en mercure (Hg). L’échantillonnage a été effectué à bord d’une barque motorisée, à l’aide d’une benne Van Veen au niveau de 25 stations. Les concentrations du Cadmium et du Plomb ont été déterminées par Spectrométrie d’Absorption Atomique à Four Graphite (Varian 220Z) alors que pour le Mercure les analyses ont été réalisées par Spectrométrie d’Absorption Atomique à vapeur froide. Les hydrocarbures totaux ont été analysés par UV-Fluorescence (UV-F). Les concentrations du Cadmium et du Mercure dans la...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Cadmium; Coastal waters; Hydrocarbons; Lead; Marine pollution; Mercury; Pollution monitoring; Sediments; Trace metals.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4275
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Marine water quality assessment using transplanted oyster larvae ArchiMer
Quiniou, Francoise; Damiens, G; Gnassia Barelli, M; Geffard, A; Mouneyrac, C; Budzinski, H; Romeo, Michèle.
Active bio-monitoring in terms of biornarkers was attempted using Crassostrea gigas larvae produced in the laboratory and transplanted using special containers to two sites at the entrance (A) and inner part (P) of the harbour of Arcachon (French Atlantic Coast). The larvae were kept in the medium for 48 h. Their physiological status and their biomarker levels : acetylcholinesterase AChE, catalase CAT and glutathione S-transferase GST activities were determined together with metallothionein Wand Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances TBARS concentrations. Copper and PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon) concentrations were determined in the exposed larvae and in the sediments collected under the containers. Cadmium, lead and zinc could be also analyzed in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: PAHs; Trace metals; Biomarkers; Active bio monitoring; Crassostrea gigas larvae.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2269.pdf
Registros recuperados: 31
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