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Registros recuperados: 13
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A Dependência Crescente do Agronegócio para os Saldos de Comércio Exterior Brasileiro, 1998 a 2007 AgEcon
Nascimento, Katiucy Lemes; Nascimento, Carlos Alves; Cardozo, Soraia Aparecida.
O artigo apresenta dados que mostram a importância do agronegócio para a geração de superávits na conta de comércio exterior brasileiro. Apresenta também quais produtos do agronegócio têm maior participação no desempenho do setor. Objetiva, nesse sentido, contribuir para o debate acerca da perspectiva do saldo comercial brasileiro ficar cada vez mais dependente das exportações do agronegócio e de setores com menor conteúdo tecnológico. The paper presents data that shows the importance of the agribusiness for the generation of superavits in the Brazilian foreign trade. It presents also which products of the agribusiness have bigger participation in the performance of the sector. It aims, in that sense, contribute for the debate about the perspective of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agronegócio; Balança comercial; Comércio exterior; Agribusiness; Trade balance; Foreign trade; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102554
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A evolução do leite no Brasil em cinco décadas. Repositório Alice
VILELA, D.; RESENDE, J. C. de; LEITE, J. B.; ALVES, E. R. de A..
O objetivo deste trabalho é caracterizar a evolução do setor leiteiro nacional nas últimas cinco décadas, mas começando pela história do leite no Brasil nos primórdios do descobrimento. O primeiro registro oficial da produção de leite nacional é da FAO, em 1961, com 5,2 milhões de toneladas. Em 1974, inicia-se a série histórica do IBGE, estendendo-se até hoje, com estimativa de 35 milhões de toneladas de leite em 2015 ? crescimento sete vezes superior ao do início da série, sendo a produtividade um dos principais protagonistas do desempenho. A produção nacional não é suficiente para o consumo interno e para exportar. Na verdade, está distante disso quando se considera o consumo recomendado pela OMS, de 220 litros por habitante por ano. Dados mostram que o...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Produção e preço do leite; Tendência; Consumption; Milk production and price; Productivity; Trends; Balança comercial; Consumo; Trade balance.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1074678
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A snapshot of Western Balkan’s agriculture from the perspective of EU accession AgEcon
Mizik, Tamas.
The Western Balkan countries can be characterised by their shared goal, which is rapid accession to the EU. Agriculture is an important element to achieving this goal. The role of agriculture differs widely among the analysed countries but is more important than the average of the EU. This study gives a comprehensive overview of the most important agricultural indicators. These indicators give a precise picture of the sector’s relevance, production structure, efficiency and international relations. After demonstrating changes in input use, production structure, prices and agricultural policies, the next section identifies some of its reasons. The analysis concentrates on the newest available data. Serbia is the leading producer and the only net exporter of...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Western Balkans; State of agriculture; Trade balance; Production structure; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122450
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Analysis of the Relationship between State Budget and Trade Balance of Libyan Economy (Period: 2000 – 2008) AgEcon
Maitah, Mansoor; der Ali, A..
The subject of the relationship between state budget and trade balance is important as economic subject, not only at the level of developing countries, but also at of advanced ones, too. Such importance emerged clearly when 1980s witnessed in United States of America a deficit in both state budget and trade balance, which was called at that time as the twin or dual deficit. We can say that the analysis of relationship between state budget and trade balance states the extent of mutual effect between financial and trade policies of any economy, namely; any change in the outcome of either one may affect the other in the same degree. To put in other words, the instruments of financial policy represented by total incomes and total expenditures can affect the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: State budget; Trade balance; Libya; Trade policy; Fiscal policy; Financial Economics; International Relations/Trade; GA; IN.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99221
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BALANÇA COMERCIAL DO AGRIBUSINESS AGROPECUÁRIO DO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE DE 1998 A 2004 AgEcon
Franca, Lidiane Da Silva; Silva, Etevaldo Almeida.
Nesta pesquisa procurou-se identificar a contribuição que os produtos agropecuários não processados deram para a composição do saldo da balança comercial do agribusiness do estado do Rio Grande do Norte no período de 1998 a 2004. A metodologia utilizada baseou-se na análise tabular descritiva dos dados coletados dos principais produtos do agribusiness agropecuário do Estado valor das exportações e importações e saldo da balança comercial do setor. Os resultados demonstraram que os produtos agropecuários não processados contribuíram positivamente para o saldo total da balança comercial do Estado, visto que o saldo deste setor foi positivo em todos os anos analisados. No período de 1998 a 2004 os principais produtos agropecuários presentes na composição da...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Balança comercial; Agronegócio; Produtos agropecuários não processados; Superávit; Trade balance; Agribusiness; Non-processed agricultural products; Surplus; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114114
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Determinants of the U.S. Trade Balance in Consumer-Oriented Agricultural Products AgEcon
Zhuang, Renan; Koo, Won W.; Mattson, Jeremy W..
This study investigates the factors behind the growing U.S. trade deficit in consumer-oriented agricultural and food products by using reliable panel data and an empirical trade model derived from international trade theory. The results indicate that per capita income in the United States appears to be the most important determinant for the growing U.S. trade deficit. Increases in per capita income and trade liberalization in foreign countries improve the U.S. trade balance. U.S. foreign direct investment abroad in food processing, a strong U.S. dollar, and NAFTA are found to have negative effects on the U.S. trade balance.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer-oriented products; Trade balance; Trade deficit; Exchange rate; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9079
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EFEITOS DE CURTO E LONGO PRAZOS DE CHOQUES NA TAXA DE CÂMBIO REAL SOBRE O SALDO DA BALANÇA COMERCIAL AGROPECUÁRIA BRASILEIRA AgEcon
Scalco, Paulo Roberto; Carvalho, Henrique Duarte; Campos, Antonio Carvalho.
O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar os efeitos de longo e curto prazos de choques na taxa de câmbio real sobre o saldo da balança comercial agropecuária brasileira. O procedimento metodológico empregado foi a análise multivariada descrita em Johansen (1988 e 1991) apud Hamilton (1994). Os resultados indicam que existe uma relação de longo prazo entre a depreciação na taxa de câmbio real e o saldo da balança comercial. Verifica-se que, no longo prazo, um aumento de 1,0 % da taxa de câmbio leva a uma expansão de 2,10 % no saldo da balança comercial. Esse resultado está consistente com a condição de Marshall-Lerner que afirma: no longo prazo, o efeito volume deve superar o efeito preço, promovendo, assim, um aumento no saldo da balança comercial. Entretanto,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Condição de Marshall-Lerner; Curva J; Taxa de câmbio; Balança comercial; Setor agropecuário; Marshall-Lerner condition; J-Curve; Exchange rate; Trade balance; Agricultural sector; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109536
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Global Growth, Macroeconomic Change, and U.S. Agricultural Trade AgEcon
Gehlhar, Mark J.; Dohlman, Erik; Brooks, Nora L.; Jerardo, Alberto; Vollrath, Thomas L..
After a decade of uneven export growth and rapidly growing imports, U.S. agriculture has begun to reassert its position in global trade markets. Rising exports and signs of moderating demand for imports mark a departure from previous trends. This report places past trends and emerging developments in perspective by spotlighting the role of two specific factors that help steer U.S. agricultural trade patterns: global growth and shifts in foreign economic activity that affect U.S. exports, and macroeconomic factors underlying the growth of U.S. imports. Consistent with actual changes in the level and destination of U.S. exports, model simulations corroborate the contention that renewed export growth can be sustained by expanding incomes and growing food...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade; Trade balance; Income growth; Economic development; Population; Macroeconomics; Exchange rates; Current account; Growth projections.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55963
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Growing U.S. Trade Deficit in Consumer-Oriented Agricultural Products AgEcon
Zhuang, Renan; Koo, Won W.; Mattson, Jeremy W..
We investigate the factors behind the growing U.S. trade deficit in consumer-oriented agricultural products by using reliable panel data and an empirical trade model derived from international trade theory. The results indicate that per capita income in the United States appears to be the most important determinant for the growing U.S. trade deficit of consumer-oriented agricultural products. An increase in per capita income and trade liberalization in foreign countries would improve the U.S. trade balance. U.S. foreign direct investment abroad in food manufactures and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) are found to have negative effects on the U.S. trade balance.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer-oriented products; Exchange rate; Trade balance; Trade deficit; Agribusiness; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; F14; Q17.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47270
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Hope and reality: EU accession’s impact on Hungarian agri-food trade AgEcon
Kiss, Judit.
The principal aim of this article is to examine how Hungary’s agricultural trade has changed since EU accession and whether the country has managed to retain its position as a net exporter. After analysing the Eurostat database’s latest statistical data we concluded that Hungary’s agri-food trade position has deteriorated regarding both old and new EU member states. The central causes for this are not so much insufficient exports but rather a sharp rise in imports. Future prospects hinge on further EU enlargement, changes in the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy, the outcome of the WTO Doha Round, and trends in world agriculture. To adapt to expected changes and to capitalise on emerging opportunities, Hungary should alter its agricultural export commodity...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: EU accession; Hungarian agricultural trade; Trade balance; Commodity structure; Geographical structure; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46659
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Income Effects on the Trade Balance in the United States: Analysis by Sector AgEcon
Miljkovic, Dragan; Paul, Rodney.
This study examines the causes of the countercyclicality of the trade balance in the three major sectors of the U.S. economy: services, manufacturing, and agriculture. These results are compared with the results pertinent to the U.S. economy as a whole. At the macroscopic level, Sachs’ hypothesis seems to explain the countercyclicality of the trade balance, while results are mixed across individual sectors. The services sector may be explained by Sachs’ hypothesis, while results for the manufacturing sector are more consistent with the real business cycle hypothesis. The results for the agricultural sector, however, cannot be explained by either hypothesis.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Decomposition of variance; Real business cycle; Trade balance; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade; F4; E32.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47271
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Relationship Between Trade Liberalisation, Economic Growth and Trade Balance: An Econometric Investigation AgEcon
Parikh, Ashok; Stirbu, Corneliu.
This is a study of 42 developing countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America in which we first examine the impact of trade liberalisation on economic growth, investment share of GDP, openness, trade balance and current accounts (as percentages of GDP). Both panel data and country by country data are used to measure the impact of liberalisation on domestic economic growth measured in PPP terms from the data available in Heston, Summers and Aten (2001) study. Domestic economic growth is often positively related to liberalisation for many countries of our sample. Next we analyse the impact of growth on trade balance and current account to examine whether higher economic growth due to liberalisation leads to adverse effect on balance of trade. Trade balance is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Liberalisation; Trade balance; Developing countries; Panel data estimation; International Development; International Relations/Trade; F32; F14; O24; C21; C23.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26267
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The Growing U.S. Trade Deficit in Consumer-Oriented Agricultural Products AgEcon
Zhuang, Renan; Koo, Won W.; Mattson, Jeremy W..
We investigate the factors behind the growing U.S. trade deficit in consumer-oriented agricultural products by using reliable panel data and an empirical trade model derived from international trade theory. The results indicate that per capita income in the United States appears to be the most important determinant for the growing U.S. trade deficit. An increase in per capita income and trade liberalization in foreign countries would improve U.S. trade balance. U.S. foreign direct investment abroad in food manufactures, a strong U.S. dollar and NAFTA are found to have negative effects on U.S. trade balance.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer-oriented agricultural products; Trade balance; Trade deficit; Exchange rate; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade; F14; Q17.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9839
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