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Registros recuperados: 98
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A randomized crossover clinical study showing that methylphenidate-SODAS improves attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in adolescents with substance use disorder BJMBR
Szobot,C.M.; Rohde,L.A.; Katz,B.; Ruaro,P.; Schaefer,T.; Walcher,M.; Bukstein,O.; Pechansky,F..
Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a long-acting formulation of methylphenidate (MPH-SODAS) on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in an outpatient sample of adolescents with ADHD and substance use disorders (SUD). Secondary goals were to evaluate the tolerability and impact on drug use of MPH-SODAS. This was a 6-week, single-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study assessing efficacy of escalated doses of MPH-SODAS on ADHD symptoms in 16 adolescents with ADHD/SUD. Participants were randomly allocated to either group A (weeks 1-3 on MPH-SODAS, weeks 4-6 on placebo) or group B (reverse order). The primary outcome measures were the Swanson, Nolan and Pelham Scale, version IV (SNAP-IV) and the Clinical Global Impression...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder; Methylphenidate; Substance use disorder; Treatment; Adolescents.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2008000300012
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A weight loss protocol and owners participation in the treatment of canine obesity Ciência Rural
Carciofi,Aulus Cavalieri; Gonçalves,Karina Nogueira Venturelli; Vasconcellos,Ricardo Souza; Bazolli,Rodrigo Sousa; Brunetto,Márcio Antonio; Prada,Flávio.
The success of a weight loss program for pets depends on the owners collaboration. Their compliance is fundamental in establishing the correct food management. The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a weight loss program in two groups of dogs, one maintained under experimental conditions and the other with their owners. The same hypocaloric food was used to feed all animals, the amount being restricted to 60% of the estimated maintenance energy requirement for a 15% reduction of the present body weight of the dog. The animals were followed during 90 days. A standard questionnaire was used to study the owners' perception of obesity and its treatment. The protocol and the diet were found to be effective. The control dogs had an...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Dogs; Obesity; Treatment; Diet.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782005000600016
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An outbreak of acute bovine mastitis caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae in a dairy herd Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Silva,N.; Costa,G.M..
An outbreak of coliform mastitis is described in a dairy herd from the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. During a four-month period 14 fatal cases of Klebsiella pneumoniae-related mastitis were observed in a herd of 104 lactating cows. The symptoms included peracute enterotoxemia in which the cows died 6 to 12 h after the detection of mastitis by CMT. Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus agalactiae Streptococcus agalactiae were also isolated although could not be associated with cases of acute fatal mastitis. Milking practices were also evaluated. The milking machine was being used correctly and adequate precautions for hygiene and pre-milking and post-milking teat dipping were used. The organism was sensitive to gentamicin. Therapy for acute toxic...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Dairy cow; Acute bovine mastitis; Outbreak; Klebsiella pneumoniae; Vaccination; Treatment.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352001000400001
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An update on equine laminitis Ciência Rural
Laskoski,Luciane Maria; Valadão,Carlos Augusto Araújo; Dittrich,Rosangela Locatelli; Deconto,Ivan; Faleiros,Rafael Resende.
ABSTRACT: Laminitis is a severe podal affection, which pathophysiology remains partially renowned. Ischemic, enzymatic, metabolic and inflammatory mechanisms are connected to the development of laminar lesions. However, few therapeutic measures are effective to prevent or control the severity of acute laminitis and its prodromal stage, which often determines serious complications such as rotation and/or sinking of the distal phalanx and even the loss of hoof. The purpose of this study is to compile the actual knowledge in respect to the pathophysiology and treatment of equine laminitis.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Horse; Pathophysiology; Treatment; Podal disease.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-84782016000300547
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Antibiotics for the empirical treatment of acute infectious diarrhea in children BJID
Diniz-Santos,Daniel R.; Silva,Luciana R.; Silva,Nanci.
While the routine use of antibiotics for infectious diarrhea in children must be avoided, because it brings little benefit in most cases and is associated with the risk of increasing antimicrobial resistance, selected cases may require antimicrobial therapy, and the choice of the antimicrobial agent often has to be made empirically. Physicians prescribing antimicrobials in such a setting have not only to be aware of the most likely pathogens, but also of their characteristic antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and the safety profile of the various drugs. We reviewed the literature on the use of ampicillin, beta-lactamase inhibitors, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, chloramphenicol, tetracyclines, nalidixic acid, fluoroquinolones, third-generation...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Diarrhea; Antibiotics; Children; Treatment.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702006000300011
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Are anti-interferon antibodies the cause of failure in: chronic HCV hepatitis treatment? BJID
Barone,Antonio Alci; Tosta,Rose Aparecida Borges; Tengan,Fátima Mitiko; Marins,José Humberto Caetano; Cavalheiro,Norma de Paula; Cardi,Bruno Andrade.
A follow-up study was made of 94 chronic hepatitis C patients at a hepatitis clinic in Brazil, after interferon alpha (IFN-alpha) therapy, to determine the influence of anti-interferon antibodies on treatment outcome. Patients diagnosed as having chronic hepatitis C, confirmed by PCR (HCV RNA) and liver biopsy, were treated with interferon alpha 2a or 2b for at least six months, and were followed up for 24 weeks after termination of treatment in order to assess biochemical, virological and clinical pathology responses. Only 6% of the 94 patients developed anti-IFN antibodies, 70% presented a biochemical response and 23% maintained a sustained virological response. Clinical evaluation revealed that in only 2 patients was there progression of fibrosis; the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Interferon-alpha; Antibodies; Chronic HCV; Treatment.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702004000100002
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Aspectos sobre desnutrição mineral em búfalos e método de tratamento. Infoteca-e
LAU, H. D..
bitstream/item/41017/1/Boletim-Pesquisa-89-CPATU.pdf
Tipo: Séries anteriores (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Bubalino; Trataamento; Pará; Brasil; Buffalo; Treatment; Mineral deficiency.; Acara; Cálcio; Deficiência Mineral; Fósforo; Nutrição.; Amazonia; Calcium; Phosphorus.; Nutrition.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/383834
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Bacterial inactivation using pulsed light ArchiMer
Elmnasser, Noura; Ritz, Magali; Leroi, Francoise; Orange, Nicole; Bakhrouf, Amina; Federighi, Michel.
Pulsed light is a new method intended for the decontamination of food surfaces using short, high frequency pulses of an intense broad spectrum. The effects of broad spectrum pulsed light on the survival of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A, Listeria monocytogenes CNL, Pseudomonas fluorescens MF37 and Photobacterium phosphoreum SF680 populations on agar and in a liquid medium were investigated during this study. The sterilisation system generated 1.5 J cm(-2) per pulse with eight lamps for 300 mu s. In the case of surface-seeded cells, a 7.8, 8.14 and > 7.14 log reduction was obtained for L. monocytogenes, Ps. fluorescens MF37 and Ph. phosphoreum, respectively, after a single pulse of treatment. Inactivation levels were lower for depth-plated cells: indeed,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Efficiency; Inactivation; Bacteria; Treatment; Pulsed light.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3041.pdf
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Barriers to treatment of hepatitis C in HIV/HCV coinfected adults in Brazil BJID
Mendes-Corrêa,Maria Cássia; Martins,LG; Ferreira,PA; Tenore,S; Leite,OH; Leite,AG; Cavalcante,AJW; Shimose,M; Silva,MH; Uip,DE; Abrão Ferreira,PR.
The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of barriers to interferon treatment in a population of HIV/HCV coinfected patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted at two AIDS Outpatient Clinics in Brazil. The study included all HIV infected patients followed at these institutions from January 2005 to November 2007. Medical records of 2,024 HIV-infected patients were evaluated. The prevalence of anti-HCV positive patients among them was 16.7%. Medical records of HCV/HIV coinfected patients were analyzed. 189 patients with the following characteristics were included in our study: mean age 43 years; male gender 65%; former IDUs (52%); HCV genotype 1 (66.4%); HCV genotype 3 (30.5%); median CD4+ T cell count was 340 cells/mm³. Among 189 patients...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Hepatitis C; HIV; Coinfected; Treatment.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702010000300007
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Bartonellosis: suggestive case reports in adult and pediatric patients and therapeutic issues BJID
Manfredi,Roberto; Sabbatani,Sergio.
Cat-scratch disease warrants extensive investigation, from an epidemiological, a diagnostic, but especially a therapeutic point of view. Two suggestive episodes of Bartonella henselae-caused cat-scratch disease are reported, and discussed in the light of the most recent literature evidence. The first case occurred in a 60-year-old man, thus suggesting that it is important to maintain an elevated level of suspicion for this disease in adults as well. Both episodes were characterized by a very prolonged and complicated disease course (with the involvement of three lymph node sets in the first case), a need for lymph-node drainage, and apparently negligible activity of many antimicrobial courses, with a very slow local cure. While specific culture and...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Adults; Antimicrobial chemotherapy; Bartonellosis; Bartonella henselae; Case reports; Children; Clinical presentation; Outcome; Treatment.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702006000600012
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Bilan du suivi de l'exploitation industrielle de la crépidule en Bretagne Nord (baies de Saint-Brieuc et du Mont Saint-Michel) 2002-2005 ArchiMer
Blanchard, Michel; Hamon, Dominique.
The slipper-limpet (Crepidula fornicata) is a marine gastropod which causes serious perturbations in shellfish beds, because of spatial spreading and density rising. Along French coasts, in Northern Brittany, two bays are highly colonized : bay of Saint-Brieuc, centre for scallops fishery, and bay of Mont-Saint-Michel, a famous oyster-farming area, with a total limpet stock about 450 000 metric tons. The association AREVAL was founded in 2001 to manage there, an industrial collect of limpets by a succing-dredge, followed ashore by a treatment for calcareous soil improvement. The scientific survey, contracted to IFREMER, included measurements of long andshort-term dredge's effects on grounds and limpet population, and proposals to set up dredging...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: France; Western Channel; Bay of Mont Saint Michel; Bay of Saint Brieuc; Impact; Dredging; Treatment; Crepidula fornicata; Slipper limpet; Manche Ouest; Baie du Mont Saint Michel; Baie de Saint Brieuc; Impact; Dragage; Exploitation; Crepidula fornicata; Crépidule.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/rapport-6301.pdf
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Biochemical association between essential trace elements and susceptibility to Leishmania major in BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice BJID
Amini,Marzyeh; Nahrevanian,Hossein; Khatami,Shohreh; Farahmand,Mahin; Mirkhani,Fatemeh; Javadian,Seifoddin.
Several enzymes that contribute to immune system responses require zinc and copper as trace elements for their activity. We examined zinc and copper levels in two susceptible Balb/c mouse lines and resistant C57bl/6 mice infected with Leishmania major MRHO/IR/75/ER, a prevalent strain that causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iran. Serum Zn and Cu were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Higher Cu levels were found in infected C57bl/6 mice and higher Zn levels were found in infected Balb/c mice. Also, Cu/Zn ratios were increased in both the Balb/c and the C57bl/6 mice. We conclude that concentrations of essential trace elements vary during cutaneous leishmaniasis infection and that this variation is associated with...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Balb/c; C57bl/6; CL; Iran; Leishmania major; Treatment; Cu; Zn.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702009000200002
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Brazilian guidelines for the management of candidiasis - a joint meeting report of three medical societies: Sociedade Brasileira de Infectologia, Sociedade Paulista de Infectologia and Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical BJID
Colombo,Arnaldo Lopes; Guimarães,Thaís; Camargo,Luis Fernando Aranha; Richtmann,Rosana; Queiroz-Telles,Flavio de; Salles,Mauro José Costa; Cunha,Clóvis Arns da; Yasuda,Maria Aparecida Shikanai; Moretti,Maria Luiza; Nucci,Marcio.
Candida infections account for 80% of all fungal infections in the hospital environment, including bloodstream, urinary tract and surgical site infections. Bloodstream infections are now a major challenge for tertiary hospitals worldwide due to their high prevalence and mortality rates. The incidence of candidemia in tertiary public hospitals in Brazil is approximately 2.5 cases per 1000 hospital admissions. Due to the importance of this infection, the authors provide a review of the diversity of the genus Candida and its clinical relevance, the therapeutic options and discuss the treatment of major infections caused by Candida. Each topography is discussed with regard to epidemiological, clinical and laboratory diagnostic and therapeutic recommendations...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Candidiasis; Candidemia; Treatment; Antifungals.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702013000300001
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Case report of lymph nodal, hepatic and splenic tuberculosis in an HIV-positive patient BJID
Barone,Bianca; Kreuzig,Patrícia Lago; Gusmão,Patricia Medeiros; Chamié,Daniel; Bezerra,Sabrina; Pinheiro,Pedro; Coscarelli,Pedro; Paiva,Daurita; Fonseca,Leila; Marsico,Anna; Cirigliano,André; Perez,Mário.
We describe a case of a male patient, 38 years old, HIV-positive (most recent CD4 count about 259/mm³), with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, weight loss, and vespertine high fever with chills. His hemogram showed normocytic and normochromic anemia, with a high erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and gross granulations in the neutrophils. Transaminases were normal. Bone marrow biopsy evidenced a chronic disease anemia pattern and a lack of infectious agents. Abdominal ultrasound examination showed a normal-size spleen, which exhibited heterogeneous parenchyma and multiple small hypoechoic images, together with small ascites, peripancreatic and para-aortic lymphadenopathy. These findings were confirmed by abdominal CT. The liver was normal in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/report Palavras-chave: Tuberculosis; HIV; Treatment.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702006000200014
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Células mononucleares da medula óssea no tratamento da ruptura total dos tendões flexores e ligamento suspensor do boleto em equino Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
Yamada,A.L.M.; Oliveira,P.G.G.; Carvalho,A.M.; Watanabe,M.J.; Hussni,C.A.; Alves,A.L.G..
This paper describes the case of a horse treated in a Teaching Veterinary Hospital. The sutures of the flexor apparatus associated with cell therapy, the stem cell, provided a rapid response of repair compared to other cases treated in routine of the Hospital. The association of conventional treatments with the mononuclear fraction of bone marrow significantly contributed to the reduction of the hyperextension of the metatarsophalangeal joint. Ultrasound images showed rapid fill cell and decrease in inflammation.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Equine; Tendon; Treatment; Injury; Mononuclear.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352011000600041
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Choix de produits pour lutter contre la pollution du milieu marin par les hydrocarbures. IV. Toxicite relative de sept produits emulsionnants antipetrole. ArchiMer
Maggi, Pierre.
Toxicity of seven emulsifying agents for treating oil spills (ISTPM designation E sub(22), E sub(30), E sub(41), E sub(46), E sub(47), E sub(52) and E sub(53)) was determined using eight marine species (three gastropods, one bivalve, two crustacean and one fish). Results are tabulated as LD sub(50). E sub(47) was least toxic to the species studied, but it could still perhaps harm other plant and animal species.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Treatment; Pollution; Oil spills; Toxicity.
Ano: 1972 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1972/publication-2074.pdf
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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is underdiagnosed and undertreated in São Paulo (Brazil): results of the PLATINO study BJMBR
Nascimento,O.A.; Camelier,A.; Rosa,F.W.; Menezes,A.M.B.; Pérez-Padilla,R.; Jardim,J.R..
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common disease in adults over 40 years of age and has a great social and economic impact. It remains little recognized and undertreated even in developed countries. However, there are no data about its diagnosis and treatment in Brazil. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the proportion of COPD patients who had never been diagnosed and to determine if the COPD patients who had been identified were receiving appropriate treatment. The Latin American Project for the Investigation of Obstructive Lung Disease (PLATINO) was a randomized epidemiological study of adults over 40 years living in five metropolitan areas, including São Paulo. The studied sample was randomly selected from the...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; Diagnosis; Treatment; Vaccination; Smoking; Latin American Project for the Investigation of Obstructive Lung Disease.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2007000700001
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Citros: formação de mudas. Infoteca-e
RIBEIRO, S. I..
bitstream/item/61714/1/Belem-RecBas10.pdf
Tipo: Séries anteriores (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Citro; Cultivo; Enxertia; Formação; Cultting; Cultivation; Seed; Fertilizer; Grafting; Seedbag; Treatment; Conservation; Nursery; Formation.; Adubação; Conservação; Muda; Semente; Sementeira; Tratamento; Viveiro.; Citrus..
Ano: 1989 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/infoteca/handle/doc/381134
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Classical and recent advances in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases BJMBR
Sales-Campos,H.; Basso,P.J.; Alves,V.B.F.; Fonseca,M.T.C.; Bonfá,G.; Nardini,V.; Cardoso,C.R.B..
Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are intestinal disorders that comprise the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). These disorders have a significant effect on the quality of life of affected patients and the increasing number of IBD cases worldwide is a growing concern. Because of the overall burden of IBD and its multifactorial etiology, efforts have been made to improve the medical management of these inflammatory conditions. The classical therapeutic strategies aim to control the exacerbated host immune response with aminosalicylates, antibiotics, corticosteroids, thiopurines, methotrexate and anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) biological agents. Although successful in the treatment of several CD or UC conditions, these drugs have limited...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Inflammatory bowel disease; Crohn's disease; Ulcerative colitis; Treatment; Immune modulation; Cellular therapy.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2015000200096
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Clinical aspects of hemolysis in patients with P. vivax malaria treated with primaquine, in the Brazilian Amazon BJID
Ramos Júnior,Wilson M; Sardinha,José FJ; Costa,Mônica RF; Santana,Marli S; Alecrim,Maria GC; Lacerda,Marcus VG.
This report describes the development of hemolysis in eighteen glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficient patients treated for Plasmodium vivax malaria with chloroquine and primaquine. The most frequent findings accompanying hemolysis were fever and leukocytosis, in addition to anemia requiring red blood cell transfusion, and development of acute renal failure. Hemolysis in patients using primaquine is not infrequent and contributes to the morbidity of infection caused by Plasmodium vivax.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/other Palavras-chave: Malaria; Plasmodium vivax; Treatment; Primaquine; Hemolysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1413-86702010000400017
Registros recuperados: 98
Primeira ... 12345 ... Última
 

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