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Diploid and triploid Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg), reared at two heights above sediment in Marennes-Oleron Basin, France: Difference in mortality, sexual maturation and hemocyte parameters ArchiMer
Gagnaire, Beatrice; Soletchnik, Patrick; Madec, Patrick; Geairon, Philippe; Le Moine, Olivier; Renault, Tristan.
Summer mortality is an important economic concern for the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, industry all over the world and particularly in France. Outbreaks appear when oysters are in gonadal maturation. Bivalve defence mechanisms against pathogen invasion are assumed by circulating cells, the hemocytes. A field experiment was conducted in the Marennes-Oleron Basin (Charente-Maritime, France) in order to monitor hemocyte parameters, gametogenesis and mortality rates among C. gigas during 7 months from March to September 2002. Diploid (from natural bed and from hatchery) and triploid oysters were placed at 15 cm or 70 cm above sediment at Marennes-Oleron Basin. Triploid animals were included because they are considered as sterile animals. Mortality rates...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sexual maturation; Summer mortality; Triploids; Diploids; Flow cytometry; Hemocyte activities; Crassostrea gigas; Pacific oyster.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2923.pdf
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Double résistance aux infections dues aux organismes pathogènes Vibrio aestuarianus et OsHV-1 chez l’huître creuse Crassostrea gigas – DORE. Rapport scientifique final de l’étude DORE, convention DPMA-Ifremer 2016 ArchiMer
Degremont, Lionel; Maurouard, Elise; Godfrin, Yoann; Travers, Marie-agnes; Morga, Benjamin; Lamy, Jean-baptiste; Benabdelmouna, Abdellah.
Depuis 2012, le nombre de cas de mortalités d’huîtres creuses adultes (Crassostrea gigas) rapportés dans le cadre des réseaux de surveillance de l’Ifremer, et dans lesquels la bactérie Vibrio aestuarianus a été isolée, a fortement augmenté. Les objectifs de cette étude étaient (1) d’étudier la sensibilité des huîtres C. gigas à une infection à V. aestuarianus pour des lots diploïdes et triploïdes et (2) déterminer la réponse à la sélection pour une meilleure résistance à V. aestuarianus pour des huîtres C. gigas. Neuf stocks ont été utilisés, répartis en trois niveaux de sélection, chacun étant donc répliqué par trois pontes. Pour chaque stock, un lot diploïde (2n), un lot triploïde (3n_chim) produit par la rétention d’un globule polaire, et trois lots...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vibrio aestuarianus; OsHV-1; Sélection; Résistance; Triploïdes; Huître creuse; Crassostrea gigas; Vibrio aestuarianus; OsHV-1; Selective breeding; Disease resistance Pacific oyster; Crassostrea gigas; Triploids.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00404/51530/52140.pdf
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Review and practical use of genome mapping in aquacultured organisms. Position paper by the Working Group on the Application of Genetics in Fisheries and Mariculture (WGAGFM) ArchiMer
Boudry, Pierre; Lapegue, Sylvie; Guyomard, R..
The Working Group on the Application of Genetics in Fisheries and Mariculture (WGAGFM) met in La Rochelle, France from 10-12 March, 2003. Seven persons representing six countries were present. Three terms of reference (ToR) were addressed, while one was deferred until the appropriate information was available for review. WGAGFM first considered ToR a) Review and report on the practical use of genome mapping in aquacultured organisms. Genome maps are used extensively in the production of selected strains of agriculture plants and livestock. Studies on the genome of aquatic animais have been summarised in the WG report. Genome mapping projects in aquaculture exist for most major species and linkage maps are now becoming available. WGAGFM produced four...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Conservation of genetic diversity; Triploids; Recommandation; Aquaculture; Fish; Genome mapping; Genetic.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/acte-3301.pdf
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Synthesis of the “PLAN DE SAUVEGARDE” using selected all-triploid oysters to reduce the shortage of spat in France due to OsHV-1–associated mortality in Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Dégremont, Lionel; Maurouard, Elise; Ledu, Christophe; Benabdelmouna, Abdellah.
Due to massive mortality of Crassostrea gigas spat in France since 2008, a “plan de sauvegarde” was set up from 2011 to 2014 (hereafter referred to as PS1 to PS4), in order to reduce the shortage of spat. This plan involved the participation of commercial hatcheries, the French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer), and the Direction des Pêches Maritimes et de l'Aquaculture (DPMA) of the French Ministry of Agriculture. It was based on selecting diploid lines of C. gigas for their higher resistance to the oyster herpesvirus OsHV-1 (2nR group), and one of these lines was subsequently tetraploidized (4nR group). Both the 2nR and 4nR groups were produced by Ifremer, and then transferred to commercial hatcheries that produced the selected...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Triploids; Mortality; Crassostrea gigas; OsHV-1; Disease resistance.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00484/59596/62598.pdf
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