Sabiia Seb
PortuguêsEspañolEnglish
Embrapa
        Busca avançada

Botão Atualizar


Botão Atualizar

Ordenar por: RelevânciaAutorTítuloAnoImprime registros no formato resumido
Registros recuperados: 73
Primeira ... 1234 ... Última
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A bizalom és függőség szerepe a családi gazdaságok együttműködésében végzett gépi munkákban AgEcon
Takacs, Istvan; Baranyai, Zsolt.
A tanulmány a családi gazdálkodók együttműködési hajlandóságát befolyásoló tényezőket vizsgálja – Békés megye egy tradicionálisan mezőgazdasági termelő térségében készült – kérdőíves felmérés és mélyinterjúk tapasztalataira alapozva. A gazdálkodói bizalom és az együttműködési hajlandóság összefüggését elemezve megállapítható, hogy az alacsony függőséget, egyben alacsony bizalmi szintet is igénylő (valójában csak tágabban annak értelmezhető) együttműködési formák (jellemzően a gépi bérszolgáltatás) elfogadottsága a jellemző. Ugyanakkor a fiatalabb generációknál az erősebb függelmi kapcsolatokkal jellemezhető (a hagyományos értelemben vett) együttműködések elfogadottsága nagyobb, amely az agrárgeneráció-váltás bekövetkeztével esélyt teremt az együttműködési...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Bizalom; Függőség; Versenyképesség; Hatékonyság; Géphasználat; Trust; Dependence; Competitiveness; Efficiency; Machine use; Agribusiness; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Public Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99191
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A COMERCIALIZAÇÃO DOS PRODUTOS ORGÂNICOS NA FEIRA AGROECOLÓGICA DE MACEIÓ/AL: UMA AVALIAÇÃO SOB A LÓGICA DA TEORIA DOS CUSTOS DE TRANSAÇÃO AgEcon
Lages, Andre Maia Gomes; Barbosa, Luciano Celso Brandao Guerreiro.
A Teoria dos Custos de Transação disciplina que em um determinado mercado deverá haver um fluxo de informação, de maneira a propiciar um ambiente favorável à diminuição da incerteza (e assimetria de informação) que evitariam à ocorrência de atitudes oportunistas, e consequentemente a redução dos custos de transação. Na agricultura orgânica a certificação formalmente estabelecida é o único instrumento que garante que o produto possa ser classificado realmente como orgânico. Este ensaio parte do pressuposto de que um sólido ambiente institucional pode garantir uma reputação ao produtor e as empresas varejistas dando ao consumidor a crença nas suas palavras mesmo sem a presença de uma certificação orgânica formal e reduzindo os custos de transação. E...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Confiança; Agricultura orgânica e teoria dos custos de transação; Trust; Organic agriculture and theory of the transaction cost; Farm Management.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/114140
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A Methodological Review of the Impacts of Risk and Trust on Consumer Behaviour Towards Food Safety AgEcon
Lobb, Alexandra E..
Consumers' attitudes to trust and risk are key issues in food safety research and attention needs to be focused on clearly defining a framework for analysing consumer behaviour in these terms. By creating a platform, or benchmark, it is hoped that more succinct policy programmes may be initiated to better communicate relevant issues to consumers. In order to achieve this, a detailed review of the recent literature surrounding risk, trust and, the relationship between the two must be conducted. This paper aims to collate the literature in the fields of consumer attitudes to trust and risk. It provides an insight into the economic and other modelling procedures available to measure consumers' attitudes to risk and trust in food safety and specifically notes...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trust; Risk; Consumer attitudes; Food safety; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24994
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
A Multi-Disciplinary Approach For Determining Adoption Of Agricultural Price Risk Management Strategies AgEcon
Jackson, Elizabeth; Quaddus, Mohammed; Islam, Nazrul; Stanton, John; Hoque, Zohurul.
Australian wool producers have been slow to adopt price risk management strategies to stabilise the income from their wool sales. The highly volatile auction system accounts for 85% of raw wool sales while the remainder is sold by forward contract, futures and other hedging methods. Qualitative analysis was used to find behavioural factors associated with the adoption of price risk management strategies (specifically futures and forward contracts) for selling raw wool. Consideration was given to Diffusion of Innovations and the Theory of Planned Behaviour as theoretical frameworks in order to answer the research question: Are there any non-traditional behavioural factors that need to be incorporated into existing frameworks to determine adoption of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Qualitative analysis; Trust; Habit; Social cohesion; Forward contracts; Wool.; Agricultural Finance; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7985
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Applying Experimental Economics to Obesity in the Family Household AgEcon
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Warziniack, Travis; Schroeter, Christiane; Morgan, Kari.
The objective of this study is to identify experimental economic tools that can be employed to explain the role of economic behavior in overweight and obesity in the household. We identify three economic experiments that can be used to understand how parent-child economic relationships relate to obesity. Loss aversion experiments are discussed as a tool to understand challenges some individuals face in achieving a healthy diet. Finally, testbed experiments are introduced as a means to test and understand new policies and incentives for better health at the household level.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Carrot stick; Child obesity; Discount rate; Generosity; Loss aversion; Parent-child; Punishment; Trust; Agribusiness; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; I19; Q18; D01; D63.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47198
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Are Traditional Cooperatives an Endangered species? About Shrinking Satisfaction, Involvement and Trust AgEcon
Nilsson, Jerker; Kihlen, Anna; Norell, Lennart.
Several researchers, who have observed that traditional cooperatives have difficulties in modern markets, mention a number of behavioral concepts characterizing the members. This study attempts to empirically test these concepts. It is based on a survey among members of a large traditional Swedish cooperative. The members perceive the cooperative to be so large and complex that they have difficulties understanding the operations. Hence, they become dissatisfied and uninvolved, and they mistrust the leadership. Moreover, they do not believe that the cooperative can be remodeled to strengthen member control. The findings support the behavioral explanations presented in prior studies.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural cooperative; Property rights; Satisfaction; Involvement; Trust; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92574
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Building trust in agri-food chains: the mediating role of effective communication AgEcon
Fischer, Christian.
Using recent survey data (n = 1,430) on trust levels in agri-food supplier-buyer relationships in six different European countries, two commodity chains (meat and cereals) and two chain stages (farmer-processor and processor-retailer), main determinants of trust are identified and discussed. The structural equation modelling estimation results indicate that trust can be significantly improved by effective communication and by a positive collaboration experience. The existence of personal bonds does not seem to play a direct role in the retailer-processor relationship but is important when dealing with farmers. In both chain stages a positive collaboration experience as well the existence of personal bonds also indirectly enhance trust by promoting...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trust; Agri-food Chains; Europe; Agribusiness; Marketing; Q13; L14; L66.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50106
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Can multicriteria assessment tools help build trust into organic products? Ecology and Society
Freyer, Bernhard; University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU); bernhard.freyer@boku.ac.at; Bingen, Jim; Michigan State University, USA; bingen@msu.edu; Paxton, Rebecca; University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU); Rebecca.Paxton@boku.ac.at.
In a continuously expanding, globalizing, and industrializing organic market, organic consumers confront increasing complexity in organic product representation, labeling, and information that challenges how they build trust in organic products. We present a conceptual framework to analyze how consumers might build and practice trust in the organic agrifood chain. We asked specifically about the role of multicriteria assessment tools (MCATs) for trust building. We identified three consumer trust types: uninformed trust in labels (type 1); informed trust in extensive information, control, and certification (type 2); and informed and engaged trust in forms of close farmer–consumer relationships (type 3). Three concepts of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Ethics; Governance; Multicriteria assessment tools; Organic farming; Reflexivity; Reflectivity; Systems thinking; Trust.
Ano: 2014
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Collective Action in Plant Genetic Resources Management: Gendered Rules of Reputation, Trust and Reciprocity in Kerala, India AgEcon
Padmanabhan, Martina Aruna.
Collective action aims at the joint management of common pool resources. Agrobiodiversity at the community level is conceptualized as a collective resource requiring the management of varieties, species and their interrelations within a farming-system. In the rice dominated agriculture in the uplands of Kerala, India, few community groups continue maintaining and thus conserving their high diversity in landraces. Faced with the challenges of devastating prices for rice, their traditional system of collective action to exchange seed material and knowledge is endangered. A new institutional mechanism to manage biodiversity is the People’s Biodiversity Register, a mandatory documentation procedure to enable cost and benefit sharing under the Convention on...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Gender; India; Agrobiodiversity; Institutions; Trust; Reciprocity; Reputation; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42508
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Consumers’ Buying Groups in the Short Food Chains: Alternatives for Trust AgEcon
Carbone, Anna; Gaito, Marco; Senni, Saverio.
Food markets in affluent countries tend to be characterized by increasing complexity under several regards such as the organization of the productive chains, the process that leads to the formation of consumer’s preferences, the information/communication task and the building of trust among stakeholders. In particular, consumers are increasingly concerned about many credence attributes such as food safety, environmental concerns, the fairness of trade conditions, product origin and so forth. The paper focus on short chains and consumers’ buying groups (CBGs) seen as strategies to overcome the emerging difficulties that consumers face in collecting and processing information on credence attributes. The results of a field survey, based on e-mail interviews...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trust; Transaction Cost; Exit/Voice; Consumer's buying groups; Short food chains; Consumer/Household Economics; Marketing.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6594
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Contracts, trust and market environment in farmer-buyer relationships AgEcon
Zhang, Xiaoyong; Hu, Dinghuan.
This study identified and validated key constructs underlying supply chain management research: contract, trust and environment. In total, 22 items were retained to measure six dimensions for the three core concepts. Using data from a sample of Chinese vegetable and fruit farmers, we found empirical support for a complementary relationships between contract and trust. Moreover, our results also indicated a positive relationship between environmental uncertainty and the degree of using contracts.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Key words: contract; Trust; Chain governance; Agribusiness; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Marketing.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49925
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Determinantes da Escolha de Arranjos Institucionais: Evidências na Comercialização de Fertilizantes para Soja AgEcon
Leme, Maristela Franco Paes; Zylbersztajn, Decio.
Transactions among agribusiness agents are not exclusively carried out on the market, being also governed by alternative types of institutional arrangements, some of which determined upon contractual agreement. In the fertilizers sector, the companies intensified the offer of input packages to farmers, more specifically to soybean producers, object of this article. In order to acquire the fertilizers, these producers may choose to use their own financial resources, to obtain resources through financing with third parties, or they may recur to the said packages, which include soybean and financial resources in addition to the fertilizers, referred by the soybean producers to as “exchange”, since they acquire fertilizer paying with soybean for future...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Institucional arragements; Bundling; Trust; Transation cost; Fertilizers; Uncertain.; Agribusiness; D23 e Q13.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61248
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
DETERMINANTS OF TRUST IN THE INDONESIAN POTATO INDUSTRY: A COMPARISON AMONG GROUPS OF POTATO FARMERS AgEcon
Puspitawati, Eka.
Indonesia’s potato industry is undergoing a rapid transformation, presenting producers with new and profitable opportunities to participate in sales to the modern channels. However, few farmers are involved in the new channels. This study offers an analysis of three groups of potato farmers’ perceptions of trust in their buyers. The aim is to understand the many different ways producers can enter modern chains and how different channels suit the individual characteristics of different producers. We surveyed 50 farmer field schools (FFS) producers, 60 Indofood suppliers, and 192 general potato farmers (GPF) in the largest potato producing area in Indonesia, West Java. Using MANOVA and linear regression methods, the study reveals that flexibility and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Buyer-seller relationships; Trust; Potato industry; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100699
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Does Social Capital Create Trust? Evidence from a Community of Entrepreneurs AgEcon
Sabatini, Fabio.
Which kind of social capital fosters the diffusion of development-oriented trust? This paper carries out an empirical investigation into the causal relationships connecting four types of social capital (i.e. bonding, bridging, linking, and corporate), and different forms of trust (knowledge-based trust, social trust, trust towards public services and political institutions), in a community of entrepreneurs located in the Italian industrial district of the Tuscia. Our results suggest that the main factors fostering the diffusion of social trust among entrepreneurs are the perception that the local community is a safe place, and the establishment of corporate ties through professional associations. Trust in people is positively and significantly correlated...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Trust; Social capital; Safety; Professional associations; Entrepreneurship; Corporate ties; Group and Interpersonal Processes; Social Perception and Cognition; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; J24; O15; Z13.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52340
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Does trust influence consumer behaviour? AgEcon
Dierks, Leef H..
Against the background of diverse food scandals this article investigates the role of trust as a determinant of consumer behaviour in Germany. As empirical analyses indicate, the impact of trust on consumer behaviour in a quotidian and presumably safe setting is to be neglected. In the environment of a food scandal, however, trust proves to be a crucial element with regard to a more in-depth understanding of consumer behaviour under uncertainty. Moreover, it is analysed whether different values of trust allow for deriving coherent population segments and whether these can likewise be identified on the basis of consumers’ socio-economic features.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer behaviour; Uncertainty; Food safety; Trust; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Risk and Uncertainty; Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96727
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Expectations, Experiences, Trust in the Case of Short Circuit Food Supply Networks AgEcon
Martino, Gaetano; Fritz, Melanie.
Farmers Markets are receiving an increasing attention by both food chains actors and social scientists. Economic and sociological studies are contributing to the comprehension of these forms of exchange. Both consumers and producers are fostering their expectations about the renewal of a mode of exchange which sustained local production‐ consumptions linkages. The main economic function of these organizational structures seems to be the reduction of the price paid by the consumers and the enhancements of allocation of farm products. The basic interpretation of these forms of exchange focuses on market structure, nonetheless the exchange relationships seems to emphasize several dimensions, including economic and cultural aspects. The objective of the paper...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmers Markets; Networks; Trust; Food chains sustainability; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; D4.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100592
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Factors Influencing Trust-Supporting Mechanisms in European Agri-Food Chains AgEcon
Fischer, Christian; Gonzalez, Maria A.; Henchion, Maeve M.; Leat, Philip M.K..
The role of trust in eight selected agri-food chains in four EU countries is explored. The empirical analysis is based on a qualitative assessment of 28 expert interviews conducted in summer/autumn 2005. The findings suggest that trust is more pronounced among SMEs which are characterised by the existence of personal relationships between business partners. However, as is clear for pork breeders, if a source of distrust exists, trust may not fully develop. Also, if the general economic situation is difficult, the development of trust may be hampered, because all chain participants are struggling to command a share of a diminishing margin within the chain. Finally, if economic power is distributed unevenly, as is the case in Germany, Ireland, Spain and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trust; Economic relationships; EU; Agri-food chains; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7738
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Food Crises and Food Markets: Implications for Emergency Response in Southern Africa. AgEcon
Tschirley, David L.; Jayne, Thomas S..
Concern about humanitarian crises in southern Africa, especially in light of the surge in world food prices since 2007, has been accompanied by calls for direct government action in food markets. This paper reviews how Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique handled private food markets during the food crises of 2001/02, 2002/03, and 2005/06, which may provide important lessons for the management of future crises. Lack of trust between government and traders can lead to behavior that undermines the interests of each and harms consumers and farmers; Malawi and Zambia have persistently fallen into this trap while Mozambique has partially avoided it. Empirical policy analysis can make an important contribution to resolution only within a consultative process involving...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Southern Africa; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Markets; Emergency response; Trust; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54559
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
Food Scares and Consumer Behaviour: A European Perspective AgEcon
Mazzocchi, Mario; Lobb, Alexandra E.; Traill, W. Bruce.
In this paper a consumer food choice model based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) is extended to account for risk perception and trust. The data are from a nationally representative European survey of 2 725 respondents from five countries, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The model relates the intention to purchase chicken in an extended TPB framework, which incorporates risk perceptions, and trust in alternative sources of food safety information. This model was run for two behaviours of interest: the standard likelihood of intention to purchase and the likelihood of intention to purchase conditional on news about a salmonella incident. The model has good predictive power and shows distinct country differences. Only in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety information; Trust; Risk perception; Theory of Planned Behaviour; Chicken; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; D80; D12; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25613
Imagem não selecionada

Imprime registro no formato completo
GOVERNANÇA E MECANISMOS DE CONTROLE SOCIAL EM REDES ORGANIZACIONAIS AgEcon
Tureta, Cesar; Lima, Juvencio Braga de; Cunha, Elcemir Paco.
In this paper a small and medium size firm’s network governance structure and social mechanisms of coordination were studied in the light of the model proposed by Jones et al. (1997). The governance is considered a capable tool to regulate any instability originating from divergences, trying to keep the harmony and to strengthen the trust ties within the inter-organizational networks. A case study data analysis was carried out. In so doing, the associated members and the network’s manager were interviewed. The dynamics of the network reveals some practices and elements linked with social control mechanisms such as actor’s reputation, entrant members restrict access, macro-culture and the collective sanctions over individual members. By the interpretive...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Network governance; Social control; Trust.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43827
Registros recuperados: 73
Primeira ... 1234 ... Última
 

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - Embrapa
Todos os direitos reservados, conforme Lei n° 9.610
Política de Privacidade
Área restrita

Embrapa
Parque Estação Biológica - PqEB s/n°
Brasília, DF - Brasil - CEP 70770-901
Fone: (61) 3448-4433 - Fax: (61) 3448-4890 / 3448-4891 SAC: https://www.embrapa.br/fale-conosco

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional