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Registros recuperados: 11
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Abattement de l'azote par le marais côtier de Kervigen et potentiel breton ArchiMer
Piriou, Jean-yves; Coic, Daniel; Merceron, Michel.
The coastal marsh of Kervigen is located near by the bay of Douarnenez and its 22 hectares are almost entirely covered by reeds. An experiment was there carried out to assess the nitrogen flux depletion of a small stream, the Kerharo. That one has a 45 km 2 mostly agricultural drainage basin. Due to its nitrate loadings to the next sandy beach, it feeds a green algae (Ulva) proliferation. In order to control its nitrogen fluxes, the stream was partly diverted through a part of the marsh (9 ha), before it was allowed to go back to the main bed. Thus a collapsible weir was set up during several springs and summers, i.e. the growing period of Ulva. The nitrate stripping off the going through flux is within a 30 to 90 % range,that is important (175 kg N03...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Algae; Nitrogen; Ulva; Nitrate depletion; Costal marsh; Algue; Azote; Ulva; Abattement de nitrate; Marais côtier.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/rapport-64.pdf
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Chemical composition of Ulvaria oxysperma (Kützing) bliding, Ulva lactuca (Linnaeus) and Ulva fascita (Delile) BABT
Pádua,Márcia de; Fontoura,Paulo Sérgio Growoski; Mathias,Alvaro Luiz.
Chemical composition of three species of Chlorophyta, Ulva lactuca, Ulva fasciata and Ulvaria oxysperma, was determined. Ulvaria oxysperma showed humidity (16-20%), ash (17-31% dry-base), proteins (6-10%db), lipids (0.5-3.2%db), fibers (3-12%db) and carbohydrates (46-72%db) which corresponded to 192-270 kcal.100g-1 (wet-base). U lactuca (15-18%db) and U fasciata (13-16%db) revealed grades slightly higher for proteins, but with similar energetic contents (250-272 and 225-239 kcal.100g-1), respectively. Natural blades of U lactuca and of U fasciata were more rigid than blades of U oxysperma. Other native algae showed higher protein levels. Ulvaria sp could be cultivated on the cotton-nylon net without having significance competition from other algae or...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Chemical composition; Algae; Ulvaria; Ulva; Guaraqueçaba; Ilha do Mel.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-89132004000100007
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Inventaire des ulves en Bretagne. Année 1997. Rapport de synthese ArchiMer
Merceron, Michel.
The yearly study of Ulva in Brittany aims at building a time series of its proliferations and corresponding nutrient loadings. The goal is to detect results of wilful loading reductions, and to distinguish them from natural variations. This first actually quantified study is the starting bench-mark of the process. Forty-five concerned sites were listed in 1997. They are nearly the same as in 1988, 1991 and 1994 (previous rough census). The Côtes d'Armor and then the Finistère are the most affected departments. The Morbihan is less and file et Vilaine not at all. Ulva biomass was precisely quantified in about fifteen locations during the growing season, along with nitrogen loadings of local streams (mostly nitrate). The fluxes of nitrogen - the limiting...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bretagne; Nitrate; Prolifération; Ulve; Eutrophisation; Brittany; Nitrate; Proliferation; Ulva; Eutrophication.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1998/rapport-1580.pdf
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Inventaire des Ulves en Bretagne année 1998 - rapport de synthèse ArchiMer
Merceron, Michel.
The 1998 survey of green tides on the Brittany coast was performed in the same way as that of 1997 in order to allow comparison. 11 includes an inventory ofail the concerned sites, and a precise assessment ofthirteen ofthem, the most loaded. On these ones, nitrogen fluxes were surveyed during the critical period, and the green seaweed stock on the beach and in the first waves was quantified. The climatic conditions were opposite between the two years, very dry in spring and summer 1997, and wet in 1998. The irradiance contrast was inverse, and less pronounced. The nitrate contents and mostly the flows were more important in 1998. They generated nitrogen fluxes about 3.3 times those of 1997. The total number of sites concerned in 1998 is clearly higher than...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bretagne; Nitrate; Prolifération; Ulve; Eutrophisation; Brittany; Nitrate; Proliferation; Ulva; Eutrophication.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/rapport-2665.pdf
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Les "marées vertes" en Bretagne, la responsabilité du nitrate ArchiMer
Menesguen, Alain.
Since 25 years, an increasing number of beaches and coves along the Britanny coast are invaded from spring until autumn by proliferating green macroalgae (free ulvae, fixed enteromorphae). This typical case of eutrophication, which has been well studied in the bays of Saint-Brieuc, Lannion, Douarnenez and Brest, could be explained by the conjunction of a natural containment of shallow water masses with a recent enrichment of them by nitrate river loadings. In the naturally confined sites, field measurements of summer biomass showed a good correlation with the spring nitrate river loadings ; furthermore, the summer rarefaction of these loadings explains the fall of the nitrogen content of the ulvae, which induces the summer stop of the algal growth. The...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Intensive farming; Biogeochemical models; Coastal eutrophication; Nitrate; Ulva; Green tide; Agriculture intensive; Modèles biogéochimiques; Eutrophisation côtière; Nitrate; Ulve; Marée verte.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/rapport-143.pdf
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L'eutrophisation des eaux marines et saumâtres en Europe, en particulier en France ArchiMer
Menesguen, Alain; Aminot, Alain; Belin, Catherine; Chapelle, Annie; Guillaud, Jean-francois; Joanny, Michel; Lefebvre, Alain; Merceron, Michel; Piriou, Jean-yves; Souchu, Philippe.
In order to be able to count the cases of coastal eutrophication and to propose methods to monitor as well as to reduce these phenomena, first of all it is necessary to precisely define the word eutrophication itself. Instead of the strict etymological definition, that is to say a progression of the enrichment of a medium, we will rather retain the concept of a state enriched at a point such as it causes harmful effects on the ecosystem, and nuisances to man's activities. Based on the average chemical equations of the organic matter synthesis/degradation in the sea, this operational definition thus puts forwards the harmful consequences of enrichment, i.e. the production of an excessive algal biomass, sometimes unbalanced from the point of view of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium; Phaeocystis; Monostroma; Ulva; Dilution plume; Water trapping; Anoxia; Nitrogen and phosphorus loadings; Red tides; Phytoplankton blooms; Green tides; Eutrophication; Alexandrium; Phaeocystis; Monostroma; Ulva; Panache de dilution; Confinement; Anoxie; Phosphate; Nitrate; Apports terrigènes; Eaux colorées; Blooms phytoplanctoniques; Marées vertes; Eutrophisation.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/rapport-22.pdf
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Marées vertes en Bretagne : état actuel des connaissances ArchiMer
Merceron, Michel.
On tens of sandy beaches of Brittany, a green seaweed (Ulva) blooms during spring and summer. In the sites where the proliferation is the most important, the total biomass amounted to 20 000 t of wet weight in 1997, at the time of maximum. These "green tides" occur every year in nearly the same locations. They have a very harmful impact on local tourism. In many communes, beached and rotting algae are collected and dumped (43 000 m 3 as a whole in 1997). The main development of biomass takes place between the surf zone and the bare sand.The outbreak requires three coexisting conditions : 1) a sandy beach gently sloping, 2) a weak residual current (i.e. once the tidal back and forth movement has been filtered), 3) a nitrogen loading, even moderate (ammonium...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Brittany; Eutrophication; Proliferation; Ulva; Marine algae; Bretagne; Eutrophisation; Prolifération; Ulves; Algues marines.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/acte-46.pdf
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Modelling green macroalgal blooms on the coasts of Brittany, France to enhance water quality management ArchiMer
Perrot, Thierry; Rossi, Nadege; Menesguen, Alain; Dumas, Franck.
First recorded in the 1970s, massive green macroalgal blooms have since become an annual recurrence in Brittany, France. Eutrophication (in particular to anthropogenic nitrogen input) has been identified as the main factor controlling Ulva ‘green tide’ events. In this study, we modelled Ulva proliferation using a two-dimensional model by coupling hydrodynamic and biological models (coined ‘MARS-Ulves’) for five sites along the Brittany coastline (La Fresnaye Bay, Saint-Brieuc Bay, Lannion Bay, Guissény Bay and Douarnenez Bay). Calibration of the biological model was mainly based on the seasonal variation of the maximum nitrogen uptake rate (VmaxN) and the half-saturation constant for nitrogen (KN) to reproduce the internal nutrient quotas measured in situ...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: 2D model; Ulva; Eutrophication; Brittany coastal waters; Tracers; Nutrient reductions.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00171/28268/26517.pdf
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Simulation de l'effet de 3 scénarios de réduction des teneurs de l'Elorn en nitrate sur l'eutrophisation de la rade de Brest ArchiMer
Menesguen, Alain.
This study commissioned by the Syndicat de l'Elorn et de la Rivière de Daoulas aimed at assessing on a mathemical modelling basis the impact of 3 scenarios of reduction of the loadings of Elorn river (imposed concentrations : 20, 15 et 10 mg/L NO3) on the status of ulva mass proliferation in the Moulin Blanc cowe (Bay of Brest). An ecological 3D model of N, P and Si cycling in the bay of Brest has been applied to a "reference situation": 2004 meteorological forcing combined to recent loadings of the new sewage plant. This model showed that: · the 3 reduction scenarios did not reduce significantly the early summer biomass of ulvae, but allowed to slightly reduce the subsequent summer and autumn levels of biomass (up to 20% reduction for 10 mg/L NO3). The...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mathematical model; Dinoflagellate; Diatom; Ulva; Green tide; Nitrate; Moulin Blanc cowe; Elorn river; Bay of Brest; Modèle mathématique; Dinoflagellé; Diatomée; Ulve; Marée verte; Nitrate; Anse du Moulin Blanc; Elorn; Rade de Brest.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/rapport-6327.pdf
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Simulation de l'effet sur l’eutrophisation côtière bretonne de 3 scénarios de réduction des teneurs en nitrate et phosphate de chaque bassin versant breton et de la Loire ArchiMer
Dussauze, Morgan; Menesguen, Alain.
This study commissioned by the Région Bretagne and the Agence de l'Eau Loire Bretagne aimed at assessing on a mathematical modelling basis the marine influence of most of watersheds in Brittany, and the impact of 4 scenarios of reduction of the loadings of each of these watersheds on the phytoplanctonic biomass and ulva mass proliferation. The ecological 3D model ECOMARS3D has been applied to a domain containing Brittany (which is also used in an operational mode for putting everyday the 2dayforecasts on the website: http://www.previmer.org/previsions/production_primaire/modele_eco_mars3d_bretagne) and to 6 zooms which enabled a finer representation of coastal waters. This study highlighted the fact that: •a nitrate reduction for any river has no effect on...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bretagne; Bassins versants; Eaux côtières; Nitrate; Phosphate; Marée verte; Ulve; Diatomée; Dinoflagellé; Modèle mathématique; Brittany; Watersheds; Coastal waters; Nitrate; Phosphate; Green tide; Ulva; Diatom; Dinoflagellate; Mathematical model.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00097/20804/18429.pdf
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The effect of marine green algae, Ulva sp. as compost manure on the yield of maize (var. coast composite) OceanDocs
Oyieke, H.A..
A investigation was made on the effects of Ulva compost manure on the yield of maize in the Mombasa area. Ulva treated yields were similar to the chemical fertilizer treated ones.
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Manure; Ulva; Zea mays Algae Manure.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/1212
Registros recuperados: 11
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