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100% Organic Livestock Feeds – preparing for 2005 Organic Eprints
Hancock, Jake; Weller, Richard; McCalman, Heather.
A project entitled “100% Organic Livestock Feeds – Preparing for 2005” looking at the implications for organic farmers of the removal of the current derogation to use a percentage of non-organic livestock feeds. 1) Researching the required volume of feed stuff, in particular protein crops, and potential for feed production within Wales. 2) Researching the suitability of alternative protein sources, and evaluating livestock systems regarding the potential for a reduction in energy and protein levels. 3) Proposing strategies for the development and stimulation of the industry.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Feeding and growth.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/10831/1/feeds2005.pdf
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A DSS to improve inspection procedures in organic certification. Evidence from an Italian case study Organic Eprints
Gambelli, Danilo; Solfanelli, Francesco; Zanoli, Raffaele.
Inspections in organic farming systems are the key tool to assure reliability of the organic business and detection of non-compliant operators. Supporting control bodies in the inspection procedure can increase the efficiency and competitiveness of the sector. Here we propose a decision support system for inspections based on Bayesian networks. Our model is based on statistical information taken from the archives of main Italian control body, and considers decision strategies according to the maximization of expected utility based on risk minimization.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Regulation.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/27762/7/27762.pdf
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A note on the distinction between "integral" and "diffuse" conceptions of organic products Organic Eprints
Jensen, Katherine O’Doherty.
This note is intended to provide a basis for internal discussion among CONCEPTS partners. The issue addressed concerns the employment of a distinction between two modes of conceiving organic products among consumers. A distinction between an "integral" and a "diffuse" mode plays a central role in the project’s Technical Annex, both in descriptions of the objectives of particular tasks/work packages and in the preliminary titles of planned publications.
Tipo: Working paper Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Consumer issues.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/18796/1/18796.pdf
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A Postcard from Oxford: Rudolf Steiner at Manchester College Organic Eprints
Paull, John.
At the height of his powers, Rudolf Steiner presented a two-week conference at Oxford. The ‘Oxford Holiday Conference’ was titled ‘Spiritual Values in Education & Social Life’ (Mackenzie, 1922b), and it was this 1922 conference that laid the foundations for establishing Waldorf education in Britain and from there the rest of the Anglo world. The original Waldorf School had been established in 1919 by Rudolf Steiner at the invitation of a German industrialist, Emil Molt, in Stuttgart, Germany. Steiner states that in the Waldorf School he sought "to apply the educational principles arising out of Anthroposophy”. The Stuttgart school began with 150 students and this had grown to 700 by the time of the Oxford Conference. The Oxford Conference ran from...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification United Kingdom History of organics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18810/1/Paull2010ManchesterJBDT.pdf
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Ab Januar kommen die Kontrolleure mit dem Laptop Organic Eprints
Wenzel, Leonore.
Die beiden Zertifizierungsstellen bio.inspecta AG und Bio Test Agro AG arbeiten gemeinsam an der Systemumstellung auf eine elektronische Datenverarbeitung bei den Biokontrollen auf den Betrieben. Während sich die Kontrolleure auf Veränderungen gut vorbereiten müssen, ändert sich für die zu kontrollierenden Betriebe kaum etwas.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/28276/1/Artikel_Wenzel_14_15.pdf
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Adequacy of the production rules Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne; Vieweger, Anja; Nocentini, Laura; Devot, Alice; Schmid, Otto; Stolze, Matthias.
Adequacy of the production rules.
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Policy environments and social economy European Union.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/28809/1/padel-etal-2013-market-and-income-report-chap7_en.pdf
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Adressing fraud Organic Eprints
Huber, Beate.
The rapid development of the organic sector, and the ever increasing demand for organic products have resulted in new challenges for the organic guarantee system. It has also meant that an adequate response along the whole supply chain is required. Acknowledging that this is an important issue, representatives of the trade, certification bodies operating in the international sector and a few authorities met in May 2007 at the Federal Agency for Agriculture and Food (BLE) in Bonn, Germany, to discuss the matter.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/13363/1/huber%2D2007%2DTOS_74_addressing_fraud.pdf
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Agribio I: Value, standarts and certification Organic Eprints
This part of program (1 project) studies how to improve OF standards to meet consumer requirements.
Tipo: Research Programme description Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2019
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Agriculture Biologique: Les Nouvelles Règles Organic Eprints
Schmutz, Res.
Tous les changements des directives bio entrent en vigueur dès le 1er janvier 2014. Toutes les modifications sont présentées dans ce supplément du magazine bio actualités.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25346/1/1358-nouvelles-regles.pdf
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Agriculture Biologique: Les Nouvelles Règles pour 2019 Organic Eprints
Schmutz, Res; Dittrich, Priska; Scheurer, Beatrice; Siegrist, Jasmin; Huber, Susanne; Holenstein, Bettina; Flückiger, Daniel; Schmidli, Andreas; Brunner, Alexander; Staub, Marco.
Tous les changements des directives bio entrent en vigueur dès le 1er janvier 2019. La version courte (sans les explications) se trouve sous forme imprimée au milieu du Bioactualités 10/2018.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34473/1/Agriculture-Biologique-Les-Nouvelles-Regles-pour-2019.pdf
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Agri-environmental attitudes of Chinese farmers – The impact of social and cognitive determinants AgEcon
Weber, Daniela.
Chinas’ successfully increased food production during the last 30 years has caused significant negative external impacts and subsequent escalating environmental costs (Ash and Edmonds, 1998). This dilemma has recently become a popular issue and the government attaches great importance towards a more sustainable agricultural production (UNDP, 2006). The challenge is to enhance well-grounded approaches that accomplish of effective agricultural trainings, encouraging farmers to adopt optimized practices. According to recent decision-making theories, a successful implementation is also closely related to the target group’s social and cognitive preferences. In order to get more information about farmers’ inherent decision-making factors an explorative...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: China; Agri-environmental attitudes; Guānxi; SEM; Values; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108964
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Airfreight, organic products and Africa Organic Eprints
Kasterine, Alexander; Bolwig, Simon.
The organic sector is addressing climate change through a number of initiatives including label-ling, and in the case of one UK certifier in 2007, a proposed restriction on organic certification for products that are airfreighted to market. The International Trade Centre and the Danish Insti-tute for International Studies examined the economic impact in Africa of banning certification for airfreighted products. The study based on interviews with UK importers, retailers, African exporters and organic smallholders showed that a ban could have serious local economic impact in some of the poor-est rural communities in the world. A minimum of 21,500 livelihoods would be compromised. Women, youth and small producers would be hardest hit and several...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Air and water emissions.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/6024/1/kasterine%2Dbolwig%2Dairfreight.pdf
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AN ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF WETLAND MITIGATION IN NORTHWEST MINNESOTA AgEcon
Sip, Robert L.; Leitch, Jay A.; Meyer, Aaron J..
The economic efficiency of wetland mitigation in Minnesota's Red River Valley was examined using the Minnesota Routine Assessment Method on ten wetland case studies to rate the functions of impacted and replacement wetlands. Secondary sources were used to assign dollar values to wetland functions of impacted and replacement wetlands. Mitigation costs for projects ranged from $279 to $4,171 per acre. Estimated annual social values ranged from $207 to $1,027 per acre for impacted wetlands and from $268 to $927 per acre for replacement wetlands. Social values of replacement wetlands exceeded the social value of impacted wetlands in seven cases. Values of replacement wetlands were 1.8 to 4 times greater than the values of impacted wetlands due to 2-to-1...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Wetland(s); Mitigation; Economics; Values; Minnesota; Red River; Wetland Conservation Act; Minnesota Routine Assessment Method; Restoration; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23477
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An empirical analysis of consumer awareness and trust in organic food legislation in Croatia Organic Eprints
Brčić-Stipčević, Vesna; Petljak, Kristina.
The results of the research conducted in March 2009 on a representative sample of the citizens of the Republic of Croatia using a highly structured survey questionnaire in households have shown that the majority of the respondents (76.6%) are familiar with organic food. In the survey, special emphasis is put on the purchase of organic food, especially among regular buyers. Methods: Regular buyers were asked about their familiarity with the information on the organic food declaration and their trust in the reliability of the information on the organic food declaration. Furthermore, research explored respondents' familiarity with the label organic product of Croatia according to frequency of organic food purchase. Also, research explored consumer trust in...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Consumer issues Country reports.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://orgprints.org/22434/7/22434.pdf
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An interview methodology for exploring the values that community leaders assign to multiple-use landscapes. Ecology and Society
Hatton MacDonald, Darla; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences; darla.hattonmacdonald@csiro.au; Bark, Rosalind; CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences; Rosalind.bark@csiro.au; MacRae, Andrea; University of Adelaide; andrea.snowden@gmail.com; Kalivas, Tina; Monash Sustainability Institute, Monash University ; tina.kalivas@monash.edu; Strathearn, Sarah; University of Adelaide; sarah.strathearn@deewr.gov.au.
We report on a grounded theory research methodology to elicit the values that underpin community leaders’ advice on regional natural resource management. In-depth, semi-structured in-person interviews of 56 community leaders permitted respondents to explore their values and to elucidate some trade-offs. Furthermore, analysis of the coded transcripts provides evidence of the anthropocentric nature of values, and the importance of people, communities, and physical infrastructure. As well, the relative silence by community NRM leaders on supporting and regulating ecosystem services may reveal a lack of understanding of these functions rather than a discord in values. The tested methodology provides one approach to understanding the values of...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Australia; Community leaders; Ecosystem services; Grounded theory; Natural resource management; Values.
Ano: 2013
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Analyse der Kontroll- und Sanktionshäufigkeiten großer Öko-Kontrollstellen in Deutschland Organic Eprints
Zorn, Alexander; Lippert, Christian; Dabbert, Stephan.
Die Vermarktung von ökologischen Lebensmitteln in Deutschland ist an die Einhaltung der entsprechenden europäischen Rahmenvorschrift geknüpft. Bis Ende 2008 war dies die Verordnung (EWG) Nr. 2092/91, deren Einhaltung durch die Öko-Lebensmittelwirtschaft in Deutschland von privaten Kontrollstellen überprüft wurde. Die privaten Kontrollstellen melden im Rahmen der gesetzlich vorgeschriebenen Überwachung Daten zu Kontroll- und Sanktionshäufigkeiten der Unternehmen an die Behörden der Länder (Überwachung auf Bundeslandebene) und an die Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung (BLE). Die BLE ist für den Transfer der Daten an die Europäische Kommission (Überwachung auf EU-Ebene) verantwortlich. Dieser Beitrag analysiert die an die Europäische Kommission...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Consumer issues.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/19558/1/Schriften_der_GEWISOLA_Bd_45_2010.pdf
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Analyse von Initiativen und Richtlinien zum Tierschutz/Tierwohl in Europa Organic Eprints
Schmid, Otto; Kilchsperger, Rahel.
In the EU funded research project EconWelfare (www.econwelfare.eu) the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL) has compiled a database of animal welfare initiatives in Europe. Altogether 84 initiatives from DE, ES, IT, NL, SE, PL, UK and Macedonia were clustered and analysed with regard to their main goals, instruments used, major actors and success factors , taking account of national differences. The assessment of these initiatives showed that some actor networks (often organic farming standards schemes) are successfully aiming at multiple goals (including labelling), using different policy instruments by involving broader networks, whereas a majority of initiatives are focussing on single goals using smaller networks. The role and limitation of...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification Regulation.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/17728/3/Schmid_17728.pdf
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Analysis of EEC Regulation 2092/91 in relation to other national and international organic standards Organic Eprints
Schmid, Otto; Huber, Beate; Ziegler, Katia; Jespersen, Lizzy Melby; Hansen, Jens Gonbech; Plakolm, Gerhard; Gilbert, Jo; Lomann, Steve; Micheloni, Cristina; Padel, Susanne.
This Deliverable 3.2 report presents an analysis of differences between EEC Regulation 2092/91 and other organic standards and their implementation, using a specially developed database (www.organicrules.org). It further reports on database development. The work was carried out as part of the “EEC 2092/91 (Organic) Revision” STREP project (No. SSPE-CT- 2004-502397) within the EU 6th Framework Programme. The main objective was to identify differences in organic standards in relation to Regulation (EEC) 2092/91 and to analyse selected national governmental and private organic standards with the aim of identifying specific areas in the (EEC) 2092/91 where revision in terms of harmonisation, regionalisation or simplification may be possible.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/13101/1/schmid%2Detal%2D2007%2Dfinal%2Dreport_organic%2Drevision.pdf
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Anpassung des Kontrollverfahrens nach der EG-Öko-Verordnung an die Anforderungen der Kontrollverordnung Organic Eprints
Ziel des beantragten Projektes ist es, unter Berücksichtigung der Anforderungen der KontrollVO Instrumentarien zu entwickeln, um das Kontrollverfahren für ökologische Lebensmittel auch künftig mit hoher Effektivität und Effizienz durchführen zu können. Das Vorhaben soll so ein Beitrag zu einem auch zukünftig hohen Verbraucherschutzniveau für Produkte des Ökologischen Landbaus leisten. Im Rahmen des vorgeschlagenen Projektes sollen die Anforderungen der KontrollVO und deren Folgerecht auf das Kontrollsystem und -verfahren im Öologischen Landbau analysiert werden. Hierbei soll berücksichtigt werden, dass die Anwendung der Regelungen der KontrollVO Auswirkungen auf die Effektivität und die Effizienz haben können. Die Kontrolleffektivität beschreibt den Grad...
Tipo: Project description Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2019
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Are Standards and Regulations of Organic Farming Moving Away from Small Farmers’ Knowledge? Organic Eprints
Vogl, Christian; Kilcher, Lukas; Schmidt, Hanspeter.
Organic farming is a promising agricultural method with positive effects on the human ecological and social environment. Governments have taken over a major role in defining organic farming by creating legal standards. Many countries all over the world have established a certification and accreditation system in order to protect the justified expectations of consumers with regard to processing and controlling the product quality of organic goods and to protecting producers from fraudulent trade practices. As they are relevant to international trade, these standards do not only influence the organic farming movement on the national level but also have a converse impact across national borders. Organic farming was established in a bottom-up process as...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/5920/1/Kilcher-2005-standarts-away-farmers.pdf
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